Edward Hall or Halle (1497–1547), was an English lawyer, Member of Parliament, and historian, best known for his The Union of the Two Noble and Illustre Families of Lancastre and Yorke, commonly known as Hall's Chronicle.
Edward Hall, born in 1497, was the son of John Hall (d. 22 February 1528) of Northall in Kynnersley, Shropshire, a London grocer and Merchant of the Staple who resided in the parish of St Mildred in the Poultry. The surname Hall appears in the records of the Worshipful Company of Grocers for several generations prior to Hall's birth, suggesting that members of the family had been London merchants for some time. Hall's father served as Warden of the Grocers in 1512.
According to some sources, Hall's mother, Katherine Geddyng, was the daughter and coheir of Thomas Geddyng of Norfolk, while according to others she was the daughter of John Geddyng, great-grandson of William Geddyng of Lackford, Suffolk, and Mirabel Aspale, daughter and heiress of Sir John de Aspale. Katherine (née Geddying) Hall's burial on 19 June 1557 in the church of St Benet Sherehog was recorded by the diarist Henry Machyn. She appointed as executor of her will Sir William Garrard, and as supervisor Dame Joan Warren, the second wife of Sir Ralph Warren, Lord Mayor of London. According to some sources, Katherine was the 'Mistress Hall' who in 1555 was imprisoned in Newgate for her faith, and with whom the religious reformer John Bradford corresponded.
Hall began his education at Eton. In 1514 he was admitted to King's College, Cambridge, graduating BA in 1518. At about the time of Hall's graduation from university, the second son of Robert Fabyan (d.1513) became apprentice to Hall's father, and according to Herman, it was perhaps through this connection that Hall developed what became a lifelong interest in chronicling the events of English history.
According to Herman, Hall may have been first elected to Parliament as early as 1523. He was elected to represent Much Wenlock in 1529, and represented the borough again in 1539. In 1542, and again in 1545, he was elected for Bridgnorth.
Hall's best-known work, The Union of the Two Noble and Illustre Families of Lancastre and Yorke, commonly called Hall's Chronicle, was published by the printer Richard Grafton in 1548, the year after Hall's death. A revised edition (printed for Grafton by Richard Jugge) appeared in 1550. Both included a continuation from 1532 compiled by Grafton from the author's notes. The only complete modern edition, entitled Hall's Chronicle, Containing the History of England During the Reign of Henry IV and the Succeeding Monarchs to the End of the Reign of Henry VIII, was prepared under the supervision of Sir Henry Ellis and published in 1809. A reprint was issued in 1965. In 1904 the concluding chapter dealing with the reign of Henry VIII was edited by Charles Whibley.
The Chronicle begins with the accession of Henry IV to the English throne in 1399; it follows the strife between the houses of Lancaster and York, and with Grafton's continuation carries the story down to the death of Henry VIII in 1547. Hall presents the policy of this king in a very favourable light and shows his own sympathy with the Protestants. He has a lawyer's respect for ceremonial of all kinds, and his pages are often adorned and encumbered with the pageantry and material garniture of the story.
The value of the Chronicle in its early stages is not great, but this increases when dealing with the reign of Henry VII and is very considerable for the reign of Henry VIII. To the historian it furnishes what is evidently the testimony of an eye-witness on several matters of importance which are neglected by other narrators; and to the student of literature it is of interest as one of the prime sources of Shakespeare's history plays.
On 22 June 1940 Alan Keen, a dealer in antiquarian books, discovered an extensively annotated copy of Hall's Chronicle among the contents of a library from outside London which he had just purchased. Keen considered that the marginal annotations, most of which are found in the chapters covering the reigns of Henry IV, Henry V and Henry VI, were made by Shakespeare. Keen published his findings in two journal articles, and in a book co-authored with Alan Lubbock in 1954, The Annotator. After his death Keen left the volume in the hands of trustees, who placed it in the British Library, where until 2007 it was catalogued as Loan MS 61.
Marriage and issue
There is no evidence as to whether Hall ever married. His will, made in 1546–7, makes no mention of a wife or children, and the only family members named are his brother, William, whom he appoints as executor of his will, and his mother, whom he appoints as overseer. In his will he requested burial in the Greyfriars, London, but he was instead buried in the church of St Benet Sherehog, which was subsequently destroyed in the Great Fire of London and not rebuilt. He left all his books in French and English to his brother, William, and his manuscript of his chronicle to Richard Grafton, entrusting him with its publication.
- Harding 1982, pp. 27980.
- Grazebrook & Rylands 1889, pp. 207–8.
- Catherine Gedding (d.1557), A Who’s Who of Tudor Women: G, compiled by Kathy Lynn Emerson to update and correct Wives and Daughters: The Women of Sixteenth-Century England (1984) Retrieved 24 June 2013.
- Herman 2004.
- Harding 1982, p. 279.
- Harding states on p. 279 that Katherine's father was from Norfolk; however on p. 280 he states that Katherine was from Lackford, Suffolk.
- Rokewood 1838, pp. 46–8.
- Richardson II 2011, p. 505.
- Cooper & Cooper 1858, p. 537.
- A London Provisioner’s Chronicle, 1550–1563, by Henry Machyn Retrieved 26 June 2013.
- Harding 1982, p. 282.
- Archer 2004.
- A London Provisioner’s Chronicle, 1550–1563, by Henry Machyn Retrieved 24 June 2013.
- Letter from John Bradford to Mistress Hall, prisoner in Newgate, John Foxe’s The Acts and Monuments Online Retrieved 24 June 2013.
- "Hall, Edward (HL514E)". A Cambridge Alumni Database. University of Cambridge.
- According to Harding, however, the constituency Hall represented in 1539 is unknown.
- Pollard 1933.
- The claim that Hall published an earlier edition of the Chronicle in 1542 is now discredited.
- See James Gairdner, Early Chroniclers of Europe; England (1879).
- Keen & Lubbock 1954, p. 1.
- Keen & Lubbock 1954, pp. 29–30.
- Keen 1940, pp. 255–62.
- Keen 1951, pp. 256–270.
- E-mail from Manuscripts Department, British Library, 31 May 2013.
- Archer, Ian (2004). "Warren, Sir Ralph (c.1483–1553)". Oxford Dictionary of National Biography (online ed.). Oxford University Press. doi:10.1093/ref:odnb/28787. (Subscription or UK public library membership required.)
- Cooper, Charles Henry; Cooper, Thomas (1858). Athenae Cantabrigienses. I. Cambridge: Deighton, Bell & Co. p. 537. Retrieved 24 June 2013.
- Grazebrook, George; Rylands, John Paul, eds. (1889). The Visitation of Shropshire Taken in the Year 1623, Part I. XVIII. London: Harleian Society. pp. 207–8. Retrieved 24 June 2013.
- Harding, Alan (1982). "Hall, Edward I (1496/97-1547) of Gray's Inn, London". In Bindoff, S.T. The House of Commons 1509–1558. II. London: Secker & Warburg. pp. 279–82. Retrieved 24 June 2013.
- Herman, Peter C. (2004). "Hall, Edward (1497–1547)". Oxford Dictionary of National Biography (online ed.). Oxford University Press. doi:10.1093/ref:odnb/11954. (Subscription or UK public library membership required.)
- Keen, Alan; Lubbock, Roger (1954). The Annotator; The Pursuit of an Elizabethan Reader of Halle's Chronicle Involving Some Surmises About The Early Life of William Shakespeare. London: Putnam. Retrieved 24 June 2013.
- Keen, Alan (1940). "A Short Account of the Recently Discovered Copy of Edward Hall's Chronicle". Bulletin of the John Rylands Library. Manchester. 24 (2): 255–262. Retrieved 24 June 2013.
- Keen, Alan (1951). "'In the Quick Forge and Working-House of Thought...' Lancashire and Shropshire and the Young Shakespeare". Bulletin of the John Rylands Library. Manchester. 33 (2): 256–270. Retrieved 24 June 2013.
- Pollard, Graham (1933). "The bibliographical history of Hall's Chronicle". Bulletin of the Institute of Historical Research. 10: 12–17. doi:10.1111/j.1468-2281.1932.tb01889.x.
- Richardson, Douglas (2011). Everingham, Kimball G., ed. Magna Carta Ancestry: A Study in Colonial and Medieval Families. II (2nd ed.). Salt Lake City. p. 505. Retrieved 25 June 2013.
- Rokewood, John Gage (1838). The History and Antiquities of Suffolk; Thingoe Hundred. London: Samuel Bentley. pp. 46–8. Retrieved 24 June 2013.
- This article incorporates text from a publication now in the public domain: Chisholm, Hugh, ed. (1911). "Hall, Edward". Encyclopædia Britannica (11th ed.). Cambridge University Press.
- Will of Edward Hall of Gray's Inn, Middlesex, proved 25 May 1547, PROB 11/31/518, National Archives Retrieved 24 June 2013
- Will of John Hall, grocer, of London, proved 13 March 1529, PROB 11/23/60, National Archives Retrieved 24 June 2013
- Will of Katheryn Hall, widow, of Saint Benet Sherehog, City of London, proved 18 August 1557, PROB 11/39/329, National Archives Retrieved 24 June 2013
- Hall, Edward I (1496/97-1547), of Gray's Inn, London, History of Parliament Retrieved 24 June 2013
- Hall's Chronicle, 1809 edition Retrieved 24 June 2013
- Hall's Chronicle, 1965 reprint of 1809 edition, HathiTrust Digital Library Retrieved 24 June 2013.