|Henry C. Overstolz|
|24th Mayor of St. Louis, Missouri|
February 9, 1876 – April 12, 1881
|Preceded by||James H. Britton|
|Succeeded by||William L. Ewing|
July 4, 1821|
Munster, Germany[disambiguation needed]
|Died||November 29, 1887
St. Louis, Missouri
Henry C. Overstolz (July 4, 1821 – November 29, 1887) was the twenty-fourth mayor of St. Louis, Missouri, serving from 1876 to 1881.
Overstolz was born in Munster, Germany[disambiguation needed] and moved to St. Louis in 1846, where he entered the merchandising business. He quickly involved himself in the city's government and, in 1847, was elected to membership in the City Council. In 1853, Overstolz was elected as the city's comptroller, becoming the first native-born German to be elected to office in St. Louis. Overstolz is a direct descendant of the oldest patrician family of Cologne, Germany. Later, in 1871, he was elected president of the city council.
Overstolz ran for mayor as an independent in April 1875, but lost to Arthur Barret. Following Barret's sudden death a scant three weeks after his election, Overstolz again ran for mayor in the special mayoral election that followed, but lost to his opponent James Britton. Overstolz contested the election two days later, alleging, among other irregularities, ballot stuffing. In February 1876, after a recount of the ballots, Overstolz unseated Britton and was declared mayor, having won by 77 votes out of more than 29,000 votes cast.
Overstolz was a supporter of the Charter and Scheme that separated the city of St. Louis from St. Louis County in 1876. As a result of the new city charter, Overstolz became the first mayor of St. Louis elected to a four-year term when he was reelected in 1877.
During the course of his mayorship, Overstolz worked to reorganize the city government and forge new relationships with the county and state resulting from the changes instituted by the new city charter.
- History of Saint Louis City and County: From the Earliest Periods ..., Volume 1
- "St. Louis Historic Preservation: Overstolz, Henry Clemens". City of St. Louis. Retrieved 2008-06-30.
- "James H. Britton". Find A Grave. Retrieved 2008-07-22.
- "The Mayorality". St. Louis Globe-Democrat. 1875-11-05. Retrieved 2008-08-25.[dead link]
- "St. Louis Mayors: James H. Britton". St. Louis Public Library. Retrieved 2008-06-30.
- "St. Louis Historic Preservation: Ewing, William L.". City of St. Louis. Retrieved 2008-06-30.
- "Henry Clemens Overstolz (1821–1887)". Find A Grave. Retrieved 2008-06-30.
- "St. Louis Mayors: Henry Overstolz". St. Louis Public Library. Retrieved 2008-06-30.
- "St. Louis Historic Preservation: Britton, James H.". City of St. Louis. Retrieved 2008-06-30.
- "St. Louis Historic Context: People and Government". City of St. Louis. Retrieved 2008-06-30.
- Allen, Lori; Baumann, Timothy E. "Friends or Foes: Germans and African-Americans in Old North St. Louis" (PDF). University of Missouri–St. Louis.
- "Overstolz-Britton". St. Louis Post-Dispatch. 10 February 1876. p. 2.
- "Out and In". St. Louis Post-Dispatch. 26 February 1876. p. 1.
- "Mayor Ewing". St. Louis Post-Dispatch. 12 April 1881. p. 8.
- Henry Overstolz at the St. Louis Public Library: St. Louis Mayors Online Exhibit.
James H. Britton
|Mayor of St. Louis, Missouri
1876 – 1881
William L. Ewing