Hillcrest Youth Correctional Facility
Hillcrest Youth Correctional Facility was a state-run juvenile correctional facility located in Salem, Oregon, United States. Hillcrest was run by the Oregon Youth Authority (OYA), Oregon's juvenile corrections agency. It was closed on September 1, 2017, and all youth, staff, and programs were moved to MacLaren Youth Correctional Facility in Woodburn as part of a major project to consolidate the two facilities.
Hillcrest served males ages 12–25 who are violent or in need of substance abuse treatment. The facility has a budgeted capacity of 180 beds. Hillcrest also served as the location for statewide male intake and parole violator intake assessment for youth offenders.
Robert S. Farrell High School was located on site.
The facility originally opened as the State Industrial School for Girls in 1914. It was the state's first reform school for girls. A boys' facility was opened 1891, and concern was expressed that there was a need for a similar institution for "erring daughters". The girls' facility opened in 1913 in the old Polytechnic Building on the grounds of the Oregon School for the Deaf while Hillcrest was being built.
The school was renamed Hillcrest School for Girls, and later the Hillcrest School of Oregon. The facility became co-gender in the mid-1970s. Hillcrest became an all-male facility in 2008, when Oak Creek Youth Correctional Facility for female offenders was established in Albany.
For part of its history, Hillcrest was managed by the Oregon State Board of Control. Hillcrest was operated by the Oregon Department of Corrections (DOC) from 1965–1971. When the Children's Services Division in the Department of Human Resources (now the Oregon Department of Human Services) was created, it took over oversight of the facility from the DOC. In 1995, a bill was introduced in the Oregon State Legislature that would establish an independent department, the Oregon Youth Authority, to administer Oregon's youth correctional facilities. The bill became law that same year and the Oregon Youth Authority became a division of the Oregon Department of Human Resources. In 1996, the Oregon Youth Authority became an independent department of the State of Oregon.
- "Hillcrest Youth Correctional Facility". Oregon Youth Authority. Retrieved 2009-09-24.
- "Oregon Youth Authority: Agency History". Oregon Blue Book (online). Oregon Secretary of State. Retrieved 2009-09-24.
- "Salem Online History: Reform School". Salem Public Library. Retrieved 2009-09-24.
- "Oregon State Board of Control Records Guide: Hillcrest School Correspondence". Oregon State Archives. Retrieved 2009-09-24.
- "Department of Corrections Records Guide: Agency History - Current Organization > Institutions". Oregon State Archives. Archived from the original on 2015-04-28. Retrieved 2009-09-24.
- "Issue Brief: Hillcrest Youth Correctional Facility 2009". Oregon Youth Authority. Retrieved 2009-09-24.
- "Oregon State Board of Control Records Guide: Agency History". Oregon State Archives. Retrieved 2009-09-24.
- Brite, Poppy Z. (1998). Courtney Love: The Real Story. Simon & Schuster. p. 34. ISBN 0-684-84800-7.
- Hillcrest Youth Correctional Facility (official website)
- Historic photos of Hillcrest from Salem Public Library
- Historic image of aftermath of riot at Hillcrest in 1955 from the Oregon State Archives
- Image of Hillcrest girls cooking, circa 1965 from the Oregon State Archives
- First Biennial Report of the Oregon State Board of Control, Acting Superintendent's Report: Oregon State Industrial School for Girls (1915)