Hoher Sonnblick

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Hoher Sonnblick
Sonnblick Hocharn Jul2007.jpg
The Hoher Sonnblick (centre) and Hocharn (right rear); view from the east
Zittelhaus Jul2007.jpg
Zittelhaus (left) and Sonnblick Observatory (right)
Highest point
Elevation3,106 m (AA) (10,190 ft)
Prominence3,106-2,857 m ↓ Goldzechscharte
Isolation2.41 km → Hocharn
Coordinates47°03′14″N 12°57′23″E / 47.05389°N 12.95639°E / 47.05389; 12.95639Coordinates: 47°03′14″N 12°57′23″E / 47.05389°N 12.95639°E / 47.05389; 12.95639
Geography
Hoher Sonnblick is located in Austria
Hoher Sonnblick
Hoher Sonnblick
Parent rangeGoldberg Group

The Hoher Sonnblick (also Rauriser Sonnblick) is a glaciated mountain, 3,106 m (AA) high, on the main Alpine chain in the Goldberg Group on the border between the Austrian states of Carinthia and Salzburg. At its summit is the Sonnblick Observatory and the Alpine refuge hut of Zittelhaus.

Location and area[edit]

The Hoher Sonnblick seen from the north

The mountain rises at the head of the Hüttwinkltal valley, the upper part of the Raurisertal, on the Alpine divide. It is a mighty massif with a characteristic rock pyramid on the summit block and a great North Face above Kolm-Saigurn. The highest summit of the Goldberg Group is not the Hoher Sonnblick, however, but the 3,254-metre-high Hocharn to the north.

On the steep summit, at a height of 3,106 metres, is a meteorological observatory, the Sonnblick Observatory, and an Alpine refuge hut, the Zittelhaus (also written Zittlhaus). At a height of 2,718 metres is the Rojacher Hut and at 2,175 metres is the Schutzhaus Neubau. Both huts are managed during the summer months.

On 1 January 1905, a temperature of −37.4 °C was recorded at the summit, the lowest temperature recorded in Austria at that time.[1]

In the area of the Sonnblick there are historical gold mines, which gave their name to the mountain range around the Sonnblick, the Goldberg Group. On the mountainsides still stand the ruins of the gold diggings, Kulm-Saigurn is an ancient mountain mining settlement. At the foot of the Sonnblick you can still successfully pan for gold – albeit less productively than the historical mines which played a key role in the wealth of the Prince-Archbishopric of Salzburg.

Routes[edit]

  • Kolm-Saigurn – NeubauRojacher Hütte – Hoher Sonnblick, 4–5 hrs, 1,500 metres climb
  • Heiligenblut (1,300 m above sea level (AA)) – Fleißkehre – Gasthof "Alter Pocher" (1,800 m above sea level (AA), end of the public road) – Zirmsee (2,550 m above sea level (AA)) – Kleinfleißkees – Hoher Sonnblick, 5–6 h (4–5 h ab „Alter Pocher“), 1,800 metres climb. No refuge huts between "Alter Pocher" and the Sonnblick.

Literature and maps[edit]

  • Liselotte Buchenauer, Peter Holl: Alpine Club Guide Ankogel- und Goldberggruppe. Bergverlag Rudolf Rother, Munich, 1986. ISBN 3-7633-1247-1
  • Ingeborg Auer, Reinhard Böhm, Martin Leymüller, Wolfgang Schöner: Das Klima des Sonnblicks – Klimaatlas und Klimatographie der GAW-Station Sonnblick einschließlich der umgebenden Gebirgsregion, ZAMG, Vienna, 2002, ISSN 1016-6254.[2]
  • Alpine Club Map Sheet 42, 1:25,000 series, Sonnblick

Climate[edit]

Climate data for Sonnblick
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °C (°F) −9.4
(15.1)
−9.8
(14.4)
−8.4
(16.9)
−5.7
(21.7)
−1.0
(30.2)
2.1
(35.8)
4.8
(40.6)
4.8
(40.6)
1.7
(35.1)
−1.5
(29.3)
−6.0
(21.2)
−8.2
(17.2)
−3.1
(26.5)
Daily mean °C (°F) −11.7
(10.9)
−12.2
(10.0)
−10.9
(12.4)
−8.3
(17.1)
−3.3
(26.1)
−0.4
(31.3)
2.1
(35.8)
2.3
(36.1)
−0.6
(30.9)
−3.7
(25.3)
−8.3
(17.1)
−10.5
(13.1)
−5.5
(22.2)
Average low °C (°F) −13.8
(7.2)
−14.4
(6.1)
−13.0
(8.6)
−10.4
(13.3)
−5.4
(22.3)
−2.6
(27.3)
−0.1
(31.8)
0.2
(32.4)
−2.5
(27.5)
−5.5
(22.1)
−10.3
(13.5)
−12.7
(9.1)
−7.5
(18.4)
Average precipitation mm (inches) 127.5
(5.02)
110.1
(4.33)
152.2
(5.99)
159.0
(6.26)
139.1
(5.48)
146.0
(5.75)
164.4
(6.47)
147.9
(5.82)
116.9
(4.60)
120.0
(4.72)
145.2
(5.72)
144.6
(5.69)
1,672.9
(65.85)
Average rainy days 14.8 14.4 18.0 19.1 16.6 18.2 17.5 16.2 13.7 12.7 15.4 16.2 192.8
Mean daily sunshine hours 3.9 4.7 4.5 4.3 4.9 4.9 5.7 5.8 5.4 5.3 3.9 3.5 4.7
Source: Climate Data for Austria at www.zamg.ac.at. Retrieved 25 Jan 2015

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Wetterrekorde: Der österreichische Kälterekord". www.zamg.ac.at. Retrieved 2011-09-01.
  2. ^ Zentralanstalt für Meteorologie und Geodynamik Wien: Bücher (retrieved 11 October 2012)

External links[edit]