Holy Cross, Alaska

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Holy Cross

Deloy Chet, Ingirraller
Holy Cross in 1912
Holy Cross in 1912
Holy Cross is located in Alaska
Holy Cross
Holy Cross
Location in Alaska
Coordinates: 62°11′53″N 159°46′24″W / 62.19806°N 159.77333°W / 62.19806; -159.77333Coordinates: 62°11′53″N 159°46′24″W / 62.19806°N 159.77333°W / 62.19806; -159.77333
CountryUnited States
StateAlaska
Census AreaYukon-Koyukuk
IncorporatedApril 20, 1968[1]
Government
 • MayorRebecca Demientieff[2]
 • State senatorLyman Hoffman (D)
 • State rep.Bryce Edgmon (D)
Area
 • Total37.24 sq mi (96.46 km2)
 • Land30.19 sq mi (78.19 km2)
 • Water7.05 sq mi (18.27 km2)
Elevation
135 ft (41 m)
Population
 • Total178
 • Estimate 
(2016)[5]
173
 • Density4.64/sq mi (1.79/km2)
Time zoneUTC-9 (Alaska (AKST))
 • Summer (DST)UTC-8 (AKDT)
ZIP codes
99602
Area code907
FIPS code02-33030

Holy Cross (Deloy Chet[pronunciation?][6] in Deg Xinag, Ingirraller[pronunciation?] in Central Alaskan Yup'ik) is a city in Yukon-Koyukuk Census Area, Alaska, United States. At the 2010 census the population was 178, down from 227 in 2000.

Geography[edit]

Holy Cross is located at 62°11′53″N 159°46′24″W / 62.19806°N 159.77333°W / 62.19806; -159.77333 (62.198048, -159.773418).[7]

According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 37.4 square miles (97 km2), of which, 31.3 square miles (81 km2) of it is land and 6.2 square miles (16 km2) of it (16.51%) is water.

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
188030
1890131336.7%
19001353.1%
191023171.1%
1930337
1940226−32.9%
1950157−30.5%
196025663.1%
1970199−22.3%
198024121.1%
199027714.9%
2000227−18.1%
2010178−21.6%
Est. 2016173[5]−2.8%
U.S. Decennial Census[8]

Holy Cross first appeared on the 1880 U.S. Census as the unincorporated Inuit village of "Askhomute."[9] In 1890, it was reported as "Kozerevsky." In 1900 and 1910, it was called "Koserefsky." It did not report on the 1920 U.S. Census. In 1930, it was then returned as Holy Cross for the first time. It was formally incorporated in 1968.

As of the census[10] of 2000, there were 227 people, 64 households, and 49 families residing in the city. The population density was 7.3 people per square mile (2.8/km²). There were 81 housing units at an average density of 2.6 per square mile (1.0/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 3.52% White and 96.48% Native American.

There were 64 households out of which 43.8% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 46.9% were married couples living together, 15.6% had a female householder with no husband present, and 23.4% were non-families. 17.2% of all households were made up of individuals and 3.1% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 3.55 and the average family size was 4.00.

In the city, the age distribution of the population shows 38.8% under the age of 18, 7.9% from 18 to 24, 28.6% from 25 to 44, 17.2% from 45 to 64, and 7.5% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 27 years. For every 100 females, there were 136.5 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 127.9 males.

The median income for a household in the city was $21,875, and the median income for a family was $26,250. Males had a median income of $37,813 versus $16,250 for females. The per capita income for the city was $8,542. About 33.3% of families and 45.6% of the population were below the poverty line, including 45.2% of those under the age of eighteen and 47.1% of those sixty five or over.

Education[edit]

The Iditarod Area School District operates the Holy Cross School in Grayling.[11]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Directory of Borough and City Officials 1974". Alaska Local Government. Juneau: Alaska Department of Community and Regional Affairs. XIII (2): 38. January 1974.
  2. ^ 2015 Alaska Municipal Officials Directory. Juneau: Alaska Municipal League. 2015. p. 70.
  3. ^ "2016 U.S. Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved Jun 22, 2017.
  4. ^ "Annual Estimates of the Population for Incorporated Places in Alaska". United States Census Bureau. 2008-07-10. Archived from the original on 2008-09-12. Retrieved 2008-07-14.
  5. ^ a b "Population and Housing Unit Estimates". Retrieved June 9, 2017.
  6. ^ ankn.uaf.edu: Deg Xinag Ałixi Ni’elyoy / Deg Xinag Learners' Dictionary (2007)
  7. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23.
  8. ^ "Census of Population and Housing". Census.gov. Archived from the original on May 12, 2015. Retrieved June 4, 2015.
  9. ^ https://books.google.com/books?id=Rr9RAQAAMAAJ&pg=PA49&lpg=PA49&dq=%22Agaligamute%22&source=bl&ots=Tzy-F6Dup7&sig=B81GmrTlcKv3jtL_iWMYTwV3FSo&hl=en&sa=X&ved=0ahUKEwj69sDB-MLUAhXD2T4KHTt1Dc0Q6AEILjAD#v=onepage&q=%22Askhomute%22&f=false
  10. ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
  11. ^ "Holy Cross School." Iditarod Area School District. Retrieved on March 28, 2017.