Honeybourne

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Honeybourne
The Thatched Tavern..jpg
The Thatched Tavern
Honeybourne is located in Worcestershire
Honeybourne
Honeybourne
Honeybourne shown within Worcestershire
Population 1,619 (2001 census)[1]
OS grid reference SP1144
Civil parish
  • Honeybourne
District
Shire county
Region
Country England
Sovereign state United Kingdom
Post town EVESHAM
Postcode district WR11
Dialling code 01386
Police West Mercia
Fire Hereford and Worcester
Ambulance West Midlands
EU Parliament West Midlands
List of places
UK
England
Worcestershire
52°05′42″N 1°49′52″W / 52.095°N 1.831°W / 52.095; -1.831Coordinates: 52°05′42″N 1°49′52″W / 52.095°N 1.831°W / 52.095; -1.831

Honeybourne is a village and civil parish about 5 miles (8 km) east of Evesham in Worcestershire, England. Much of the parish is farmland. RAF Honeybourne just south of the village was operational from 1940 until 1947.

History[edit]

Honeybourne was two villages: Church Honeybourne was in Worcestershire while Cow Honeybourne was in Gloucestershire. Their names are derived from Old English hunig, "honey", and burna, "stream", the whole meaning "(places on) the stream by which honey is found"; the first word of Cow Honeybourne comes from Old English calu, "bare, lacking vegetation".[2] Boundary changes in 1931 moved Cow Honeybourne into Worcestershire and the two parishes were united in 1958.[3] Honeybourne has several historic timber framed and thatched buildings. The Thatched Tavern in Cow Honeybourne has a cruck truss.[4]

Parish churches[edit]

In Church Honeybourne the Church of England parish church of Saint Ecgwin was consecrated in 1295.[5] Its antiquity is reflected in a local rhyme "when Evesham was bush and thorn there was a church at Honeybourne". Its nave and chancel appear to be original late 13th century structures.[5] There was a south aisle, but it was demolished and its windows re-set in the south wall of the nave.[5] The bell tower has a Decorated Gothic spire with three tiers of lucarnes.[5] The south porch is a late mediaeval Perpendicular Gothic addition.[5] It is a Grade I listed building.[6]

In Cow Honeybourne the former parish church, known as the "Old Church" has a 15th-century Perpendicular Gothic west tower and formerly had an ornate Elizabethan pulpit.[4] The church fell out of use for worship from the 16th to the 19th century and was partitioned off into four or five tenements, while pig sties and sheds were built against the outside walls.[7] Apart from the tower, the church was rebuilt in 1861-63 to designs by the Worcester Diocesan Architect W.J. Hopkins.[4] The church has since been made redundant, deconsecrated and converted to two private houses. It is a Grade II listed building.[8]

Amenities[edit]

Honeybourne has two public houses: the Gate Inn and the 13th century Thatched Tavern. Other amenities include The Ranch, Indulgence skincare & beauty salon, hairdressers, Convenience store, Fish and chip shop, post office, Chinese takeaway, garage with petrol station and Honeybourne Pottery.

Education[edit]

Honeybourne Primary Academy teaches children between the ages of four and 11. Honeybees Nursery takes children between the ages of two and four.

Railways[edit]

Great Western Railway (train operating company) serves Honeybourne railway station on the Cotswold Line with direct train services to Worcester Shrub Hill, Oxford and London Paddington.

The Oxford, Worcester and Wolverhampton Railway was built through the parish in the 1840s and opened Honeybourne station. The Great Western Railway took over the OW&W in 1862 and enlarged Honeybourne station in the 1900s when it built the railway between Stratford-upon-Avon and Cheltenham Spa.

British Railways closed the Honeybourne Line between Stratford and Cheltenham, reduced the OW&W line to single track and in 1969 closed Honeybourne station. However, with increased use of the Cotswold Line, the station was re-opened in 1981 with a single platform; work completed in 2011 saw this part of the line restored to double track and Network Rail enlarged Honeybourne to two platforms with a rather large, wheelchair-accessible bridge.[9]

There is a good business case to restore the Stratford-Cotwolds link line.[10]

In July 2015 a drunken squirrel caused hundreds of pounds worth of damage to the Honeybourne Railway Club, when it emptied an entire barrel of beer onto the floor and knocked glasses and bottles from the shelves.[11]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Area selected: Wychavon (Non-Metropolitan District)". Neighbourhood Statistics: Full Dataset View. Office for National Statistics. Retrieved 16 July 2010. 
  2. ^ Mills, A. D. (1997) [1991]. A Dictionary of English Place-Names. Oxford: Oxford University Press. p. 177. ISBN 0192831313. 
  3. ^ "Cow Honeybourne". A Vision of Britain. GB Historical GIS / University of Portsmouth. 
  4. ^ a b c Pevsner, 1968, page 125
  5. ^ a b c d e Pevsner, 1968, page 119
  6. ^ "Church of St Ecgwin - A Grade I Listed Building in Honeybourne, Worcestershire". www.britishlistedbuildings.co.uk. British Listed Buildings. Retrieved 18 May 2017. 
  7. ^ Noake, J (1868). Noake's Guide to Worcestershire. London: Longman and Co. pp. 87–88. 
  8. ^ "The Nave and the Chancel Old Church - A Grade II Listed Building in Honeybourne, Worcestershire". www.britishlistedbuildings.co.uk. British Listed Buildings. Retrieved 18 May 2017. 
  9. ^ Abbott, James (August 2011). "Track doubling projects restore capacity". Modern Railways. 68 (755). 
  10. ^ Railnews (22 October 2012). "Good business case for Stratford-Cotswolds link". Railnews. Retrieved 2 June 2014. 
  11. ^ http://www.itv.com/news/central/2015-07-16/drunk-squirrel-causes-mass-damage-to-worcestershire-pub/

Sources[edit]

External links[edit]

Media related to Honeybourne at Wikimedia Commons