Hong Jin

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Hong Jin
4th President of the Provisional Government of the Republic of Korea
In office
Preceded by Yi Dong-nyung
Succeeded by Kim Gu
Personal details
Born 27 August 1877
Hanseong-bu, Joseon
Died 9 September 1946
Seoul, Korea
Nationality Korean
Spouse(s) Nahm, Sang Bok
Korean name
Hangul later
Hanja later (also )
Revised Romanization Hong Myeon-hui later Hong Jin
McCune–Reischauer Hong Myŏnhŭi later Hong Chin

Hong Jin (1877–1946), also known as Hong Myeon-hui, was a leader of the Korean independence movement. He is also sometimes known by his pen name Mano (만오, 晩悟), and his Christian name, Andre.

He was born under the Joseon Dynasty in Yeongdong, Chungcheong Province, to a yangban family of the Pungsan Hong lineage. He had practiced law in Korea in the private practice and in the government sector as a prosecutor and a judge before joining the independence movement.

Hong held a number of chief positions under the Provisional Government of the Republic of Korea during the Japanese Occupation. Under his administration as the fourth President, the provisional Korean government was recognized by the Republic of China, France and Poland. His main theme was unity among factions of the Korean independence movement.

In 1928, he established the "Korean Independence Party" (한국독립당, 韓國獨立黨) with Kim Gu, Yi Dong-nyung, and he was elected an executive position to the Korean Independence camp (한국광복진선, 韓國光復陣線) in 1938. After Independence of Korea, he returned to South Korea having earned recognition as a Provisional Government leading figure who acted as Chairman of the Emergency national Council (비상국민회의, 非常國民會議). Hong was posthumously honored by the government of the Republic of Korea with the Order of Independence Merit for National Foundation in 1962.

His biography by Professor Han, Si Joon contains a detailed family tree of Hong Jin tracing back to Goryeo dynasty's Hong Ji-gyeong later known as a great master of Korean classical verse in the Joseon Dynasty. The current family jokbo contains surviving members of family who are naturalized American citizens.


  • The spelling of his name in his correspondence with American dignitaries including condolence letter regarding President Franklin D. Roosevelt's death was Hong Chin instead of Hong Jin.

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Political offices
Preceded by
Yi Dong-nyung
Presidents of Provisional Government of the Republic of Korea
Succeeded by
Kim Gu