Sanković noble family
|Final ruler||Radič Sanković|
The Sanković was a noble family active in the 14th– and start of the 15th century in what is today Herzegovina, serving the Serbian and Bosnian monarchies. Their family estates included Nevesinje and Popovo Polje in Herzegovina and Konavle in southern Dalmatia.
The earliest known ancestor of the Sanković family, Dražen Bogopenec, was first mentioned in 1306. He was from Nevesinje, and was mentioned as having led raids into Hum, stealing from Ragusan subjects. Nevesinje was at the time part of the Kingdom of Serbia. According to Fine, in 1326, the Draživojević (the next generation of Bogopenec), along with other nobility, were sent by Bosnian Ban Stephen II into Hum to oust the Branivojević family, which served Serbia, to annex most of Hum. Serbian Hum fell to Bosnia after the War of Hum (1326–29). Milten Draživojević, the first notable representative of the family, was mentioned in 1332.
Sanko, the son of župan Milten, was first mentioned in 1335 and on 22 October 1348, the Republic of Ragusa granted citizenship to Sanko as an aristocrat of the Bosnian Ban. From 11 August 1366 on, Sanko was mentioned as a judge. He left the ranks of Ban Tvrtko I and joined Serbian magnate Nikola Altomanović for a brief period. When Altomanović campaigned against Ragusa in 1370, Sanko is said to have led the Bosnian army that aided Ragusa, and died in battle. He had four sons and a daughter: Beljak, Radič, Budelja, Sančin and Dragana. His sons knez Beljak, primarily, and vojvoda Radič Sanković, inherited his holdings.
Immediately after Tvrtko I's death in 1391, Beljak and Radič decided to sell the family estate of Konavle to Ragusa. A council meeting, however, was convoked as a result by the nobility who objected the sale. Vlatko Vuković and Pavle Radenović revolted against Radič in December 1391 after receiving the council's blessings. They captured Konavle and occupied it, dividing it up for themselves, despite protests from Ragusa. When Vuković died, his nephew, Sandalj Hranić, succeeded him, continually struggling against Radič after being released in late 1398. In 1399, Radič became a member of the Great Council of the Republic of Ragusa. Radič participated in the Bosnian–Ragusan War in 1403–04, leading the attacks on Ragusa in the name of Bosnian king Stjepan Ostoja. However, Hranić sent Sanković back to prison in 1404, blinding him and taking his estates. Sanković died while in prison that same year, marking the end of the Sanković family.
- Dražen Bogopenec
- Istorijski časopis. 11. Institut. 1961. p. 19.
- "ГЛАСНИК" (PDF). V (5). УДРУЖЕЊЕ АРХИВСКИХ РАДНИКА РЕПУБЛИКЕ СРПСКЕ. 2013: 95.
Занимљиво је да су Богопанци, каснији Драживојевићи или Санковићи, почетком тог вијека били у некој зависности од Пурћића, али сада се ситуација у потпуности окренула у корист ових других, те се Познан 1336, као господар Невесиња, помиње као човјек Милтена Драживојевића.
- Fine 1994, pp. 266–267.
- Fajfrić 2000.
- Fine, John Van Antwerp, Jr. (1994). The Late Medieval Balkans: A Critical Survey from the Late Twelfth Century to the Ottoman Conquest. University of Michigan Press.
- Kurtović, Esad (2009). Veliki vojvoda bosanski Sandalj Hranić Kosača (PDF) (Historijske monografije; knj. 4 ed.). Institut za istoriju Sarajevo. ISBN 978-9958-649-01-1. Retrieved 10 January 2016. (in Bosnian)
- Aleksa Ivić; Dušan Mrđenović; Dušan Spasić; Aleksandar Palavestra (1987). Rodoslovne tablice i grbovi srpskih dinastija i vlastele. Nova knj.
- Fajfrić, Željko (2000), "3. Stjepan II Kotromanić (1314-1353)", Kotromanići, Janus