Hrubá Skála

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Hrubá Skála
Municipality and village
View to Hrubá Skála Castle, with Trosky Castle in the background
View to Hrubá Skála Castle, with Trosky Castle in the background
Flag of Hrubá Skála
Flag
Coat of arms of Hrubá Skála
Coat of arms
Coordinates: 50°32′45″N 15°12′20″E / 50.54583°N 15.20556°E / 50.54583; 15.20556Coordinates: 50°32′45″N 15°12′20″E / 50.54583°N 15.20556°E / 50.54583; 15.20556
Country Czech Republic
RegionLiberec Region
DistrictSemily District
Area
 • Total5.34 sq mi (13.83 km2)
Elevation
942 ft (287 m)
Population
 (2006)
 • Total544
Time zoneUTC+1 (CET)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+2 (CEST)
Postal code
511 01 – 512 63
Websitehrubaskala.craj.cz

Hrubá Skála (German: Groß Skal) is a village and municipality in Semily District of the Liberec Region in the Czech Republic.

Geography[edit]

It is located about 6 km (3.7 mi) southeast of Turnov within the Bohemian Paradise (Czech: Český ráj) landscape area. The adjacent sandstone 'rock town' (Hruboskalské skalní město) area with volcanic sandstone pillars, stretches to Trosky Castle. It has been a protected nature reserve since 1998 and a popular destination for climbers and hikers.[1]

The municipal area comprises the cadastral communities of Hnanice pod Troskami and Hrubá Skála proper, with the villages of Bohuslav, Borek, Doubravice, Hnanice, Krčkovice, Rokytnice and Želejov.

History[edit]

Depiction in Die Gartenlaube (1859)

Hrubá Skála Castle situated on a steep sandstone cliff on a rock platform 8 km from Turnov, was originally called Skály (Rocks) and was first mentioned in a 1353 deed. It then a possession of the noble Hynek of the House of Waldstein (Valdštejn), ancestors of Albrecht von Wallenstein. The manor was called Hrubá Skála to differ it from nearby Malá Skála. His descendants owned the castle until 1416 when it was taken over by the lords of Jenstein and then, in 1460, by Zajíc of Hasenburgs.[2]

Held by the Lords of Smiřice from 1515 onwards, the rebuilt Renaissance castle had become the centre of one of the largest Bohemian estates with more than 50 villages. Seized by Emperor Ferdinand II upon the 1620 Battle of White Mountain, it was again held by the Waldstein dynasty from 1630 and devastated by both Saxon and Imperial troops during the Thirty Years' War. Itwas rebuilt in 1710 and again in 1804.[3]

The chateau, now a hotel

In 1821, Franz de Paula Adam von Waldstein sold Hrubá Skála to Johann Anton Lexa von Aehrenthal. In 1859, Skála castle was again rebuilt in the style of a Renaissance chateau.[4]

After World War II the Aerenthal family was dispossessed in 1945 and the German-speaking population expelled according to the Beneš decrees. Under Communist rule, the castle served as a recreation home. For some years now, the property has been operated as a hotel and spa.[5][6]

Notable people[edit]

References[edit]