Hsu Tain-tsair in 2015
|14th Mayor of Tainan|
20 December 2001 – 25 December 2010
|Preceded by||George Chang|
|Succeeded by||William Lai as mayor of Tainan (special municipality)|
|Member of the Legislative Yuan|
11 March 2011 – 31 January 2016
|Preceded by||Huang Wei-cher|
|Succeeded by||Lin Chun-hsien|
|Constituency||4th constituency of Tainan City|
1 February 1993 – 20 December 2001
|Constituency||Tainan City constituency|
23 January 1951 |
Guantian, Tainan County (now part of Tainan City), Taiwan
|Political party||Democratic Progressive Party|
|Residence||Tainan City, Taiwan|
|Alma mater||Chinese Culture University
New School for Social Research
Hsu Tain-tsair (Chinese: 許添財; pinyin: Xǔ Tiāncái; Wade–Giles: Hsǔ Tiēn-tsái; Pe̍h-ōe-jī: Khó͘ Thiam-châi; born 23 January 1953) is a Taiwanese politician who served as the mayor of Tainan City from 2001 to 2010. Born in Tainan County (now part of Tainan City), Hsu got his PhD candidacy in economics in the United States, where he started participating in the independence movement of Taiwan. He was placed on the black list of Kuomintang and was not allowed to return to Taiwan until 1990.
When Hsu returned to Taiwan, he joined the Democratic Progressive Party (DPP). Having been elected legislator three times, Hsu is considered a privy councilor to the DPP in the field of economics. He was nominated to run for the mayor of Tainan and was elected in 2001. During his terms as mayor, Hsu worked on public projects and encouraged tourism. For example, a police unit was established to facilitate tourists in 2007, and he also improved the environment of the city.
In 2009, Hsu worked with the Tainan County government to push for a merger that would form a special municipality. The merger was set to take effect in December 2010, giving Hsu one additional year in his mayoral term. During the DPP primary election for the nomination of a new Tainan mayor in May, he lost to William Lai by 12% of the votes.After Lai elected mayor,Hsu later run for Lai's seat as member of Legislative Yuan and finally elected.
After graduating from Duba Elementary School in Tainan County, Hsu attended Tsengwen Junior High School (曾文中學; now the Madou Junior High School), where he was a classmate of former President of the Republic of China (Taiwan) Chen Shui-bian for four years. He then attended the Cheng Kung Senior High School. In 1976, Hsu got his Master of Economics degree from the Chinese Culture University and started teaching banking the next year at the same school.
In 1982, Hsu went to the United States as a Columbia University exchange scholar. In the same year, he joined the World United Formosans for Independence, and he also served as the literary editor for the Taiwan Tribune. As a result, he was placed on the Kuomintang's black list and was unable to return to Taiwan. He then earned his PhD candidacy from New School for Social Research. In 1990, Hsu was invited to a meeting by President Lee Teng-hui and returned to Taiwan as a Taiwanese-American professor. With the influence of then-legislators Chen Shui-bian, Peng Pai-hsien, Hung Chi-chang, and Lu Hsiu-yi, the government relented and removed the restriction for Hsu to exit and enter the country, finally issuing him a new passport.
Hsu started helping members of the World United Formosans for Independence return to Taiwan in 1991. In 1992, after being nominated by the Democratic Progressive Party (DPP), Hsu was elected to become a member of the Legislative Yuan. In 1995, he was not nominated by the DPP, but was still elected as an independent candidate. He lost the election for the office of mayor of Tainan in 1997 and instead became the secretary-general of the New National Coalition (新國家連線) shortly after the establishment of the organization. He was re-elected legislator in the 1998 legislative election. Hsu stepped out of the New National Coalition and rejoined the DPP shortly after his re-election to the Legislative Yuan. He was nominated by the DPP Central Executive Committee as the party's candidate for the Tainan mayoral race.
Hsu was elected mayor of Tainan in 2001 and was re-elected to that post in 2004. In his terms as mayor, he focused on projects to beautify the city, to set up cultural parks and to strive for major constructions. He worked to help the city profit from historical assets and restore Tainan's former splendor. He made 2007 Tainan's "year of culture and tourism" to promote Tainan's tourism attractions. His major mayoral achievements were the renovation of the city transportation system and overseeing the city's successful bids for the 2005 and 2006 Taiwan Lantern Festivals, the 2007 International Chihsi Arts Festival, and the 2007 National Games of Taiwan (全國運動會). One of his major goals, the renovation of the Tainan Railway Station and National Cheng Kung University, was scheduled to be completed during his term in office and has earned him high compliments.
Hsu supported a merger between Tainan City and Tainan County to form a special municipality. The Executive Yuan passed a resolution to upgrade the city, and the official merger will occur in December 2010. In January 2010, Hsu declared his candidacy in the 2010 municipal election. During the DPP primary election in May, he lost to fellow Tainan politician William Lai by 12% of the votes, ending his candidacy.
During the DPP primary election for the nomination of presidential candidate, Hsu expressed that he "will not support the candidate that opposes the construction of an underground railway system in Tainan." Then-Premier Su Tseng-chang promised that the construction would be financially supported by the central government if he were elected. As a result, Hsu openly supported Su in the primary election.
He also believes that in order to improve the competitive advantage of Taiwan, the government should review the distribution of resources between northern and southern Taiwan, with the purpose of balancing their development. Hsu, as a member of the Democratic Progressive Party, also supports the independence movement of Taiwan. Hsu thinks that the United Nations membership referendum is an important step for democracy. He participated in the "UN for Taiwan" rally on September 15, 2007.
While the National Central Library is located in Taipei, Hsu strongly supports the establishment of a regional branch in Tainan City. The branch might be established in Kaohsiung City, another southern city. Hsu, however, is confident about Tainan being chosen as the location for the new branch because of the transport convenience and academic resources of the region.
Under his term, the environment of the city greatly improved. Hsu started a program of having the city's garbage trucks ring out brief English lessons in 2002. He promoted the use of eco-friendly chopsticks by requiring government officials and teachers to use their own reusable chopsticks when dining, expressing that the goal of the campaign is to reduce the use of disposable chopsticks by 100,000 pairs per day.
During his second term in office, Tainan City became the first Taiwanese city to enter the Alliance for Healthy Cities of the World Health Organization. In addition, Tainan also became the first Taiwanese city to enter the Global Cities Dialogue. Hsu also believes that Tainan should become a city of international tourism and culture, and he is working towards that purpose. In September 2007, he spoke to the 2007 Asia-Pacific Cities Summit participants and stated that Tainan is blessed with natural, historic, cultural and humanistic characteristics, and that Tainan also possesses great conditions for high-tech, trade and investment development.
Hsu worked to make Tainan a smoke-free environment. After the successful ban of smoking in public areas such as shopping centers, he pushed through the ban of smoking in historical sites. The Chihkan Tower became the first smoke-free historical site in Taiwan after the passing of the regulation in October 2007. Other historical sites covered by the regulation include Tainan Confucian Temple, Fort Zeelandia, and Eternal Golden Castle.
In January 2008, the government of Tainan started an operation to clean up dioxin-contaminated soil around the site of a defunct factory of Taiwan Alkali Industrial Corp (台鹼公司). The Hsu administration was the first to take action since 1982, when the government became aware of the mercury concentrations.
Due to an accidental killing of a teenage girl while trying to shoot a psychotic suspect, the Tainan City Police Bureau made a decision to develop a special kind of baton in 2006. When dealing with suspects without firearms, the police officers are expected to use the baton first in order to reduce accidents. To commemorate the girl who died, mayor Hsu named the baton after her.
In September 2007, the Tourism Mounted Police Unit of Tainan (Chinese: 臺南市觀光騎警隊) was established to attract tourists. The members of the unit wear green uniforms and ride bicycles around the city in the weekends. They facilitate tourists and at the same time try to reduce crime rate.
After the DPP nominated Hsu as the 2001 Tainan mayoral race candidate, protests led by supporters of then-incumbent mayor George Chang, who is also a member of the DPP, arose. The protesters called Hsu a betrayer of the party as he left the party in 1995. They showed their disapproval of the party's choice by burning their party membership cards.
The prevention of dengue fever in Taiwan was always most successful in Tainan City. In 2007, however, outbreaks in the city was almost unstoppable. The fever outbreaks originally occurred only in Annan District, where the first case was reported in June. The health department failed to control the spread of the fever, and all six districts ended up having confirmed cases. There were also an outbreak in an old soldiers' home. On August 22, Mayor Hsu apologized for the disastrous outbreak of the dengue fever; he announced that the health department would be reorganized and new officials would be appointed in six months.
While then-mayor of Taipei Ma Ying-jeou was indicted for alleged misuse of "special allowance fund", prosecutors dropped Hsu Tain-tsair's case in March 2007. However, on April 10, 2007, Hsu was indicted by prosecutors for his alleged involvement in a construction scandal and violations of the Government Procurement Act (Chinese: 政府採購法). The scandal was broken by the Tainan City councillor Hsieh Long-chieh (謝龍介) in May 2006 during a council meeting.
In April 2007, Hsu was indicted by the Tainan prosecutors. In their statement of charges, the prosecutors accused Hsu of money grafting in an underground city construction project. According to Hsu, the prosecutors heavily used the testimonies of people who were convicted of crime. In August 2009, Hsu was found not guilty by the Tainan District Court.
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|Mayor of Tainan
December 20, 2001 – December 25, 2010