Embriaco family

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The Embriaco family were Genoese adventurers, who played an important part in the history of the Crusader states. They styled themselves "Lord (Signore) of Jebail" or "Giblet", "Gibelet" or "Gibelletto". Jebail is historic Byblos (Jbeil) in Lebanon.[1]

They arrived in the Kingdom of Jerusalem as early as 1099, with Guglielmo Embriaco and his brother Primo di Castello.[2] They had Jebail, given to Ugo I Embriaco by Bertrand of Toulouse, from about 1110; it had been taken a few years before. Their power in Jebail lasted – apart from occupation by Saladin 1187–1197 – to the end to the thirteenth century, when they were defeated by Bohemond VII of Tripoli, and finally pushed out by Muslim advances.

  • Ugo I Embriaco of Gibelletto, Lord of Gibelletto (c. 1110-)
  • Ugo II Embriaco of Gibelletto, Lord of Gibelletto
  • Guglielmo I Embriaco of Gibelletto, Lord of Gibelletto
  • Guglielmo II Embriaco of Gibelletto, Lord of Gibelletto (−1157), married Fadie, daughter of Manasses of Hierges
  • Bertrando I Embriaco of Gibelletto, Lord of Gibelletto, married Doleta, daughter of Stephen of Armenia
  • Ugo III Embriaco, Lord of Gibelletto (d. 1196), married Stephanie of Milly, and had:
    • Plaisance Embriaco of Gibelletto (d. c. 1218),[3] married Bohemond IV of Antioch
    • Guido I Embriaco, Lord of Gibelletto (1197–1241), married in 1204 Alix, daughter of Bohemond III of Antioch, and had:
      • Enrico I Embriaco of Gibelletto, Lord of Gibelletto(d. c. 1271), married c. 1250 Isabelle d'Ibelin, and had:
        • Guido II Embriaco of Gibelletto, Lord of Gibelletto(d. 1282) married Margaret Grenier of Sidon, daughter of Julian Grenier, Lord of Sidon
        • Baliano Embriaco of Gibelletto (d. 1313)
        • Baldovino Embriaco of Gibelletto (d. 1282)
        • Giovanni Embriaco of Gibelletto (d. 1282), married Alaman N (?)
        • Maria Embriaco of Gibelletto (d. c. 1290), married Balian II d'Ibelin, Titular Consort Lord of Sidon
      • Raimondo Embriaco of Gibelletto
      • Bertrando Embriaco of Gibelletto
      • Maria Embriaco of Gibelletto
      • Agnese Embriaco of Gibelletto, married Barthelemy, Lord of Soudin

Another branch:

  • Guglielmo di Gibelletto, married Fadie de Hierges and had:
    • Ugo di Gibelletto (d. c. 1220), Lord of Besmedin, married Agnes de Ham and had:
      • Raimondo di Gibelletto (d. c. 1253), Lord of Besmedin, married firstly Marguerite de Scandelion and secondly Alix de Soudin, and had:
        • Giovanni I di Gibelletto, married Poitevine, daughter of a Marshal of Tripoli
        • Ugo di Gibelletto, died young
        • Enrico di Gibelletto (d. 1310), Lord of Besmedin, married Marguerite de Morf, without issue
        • Bertrando di Gibelletto, died young
        • Eschiva di Gibelletto, married Raymundo Visconti
        • Agnese di Gibelletto
        • Susanna di Gibelletto, died young
        • Maria di Gibelletto, married Guy de Montolif
      • Gerardo de Ham di Gibelletto (d. 1225)
      • Guglielmo II di Gibelletto (d. c. 1243), married Anne de Montignac, and had:
        • Eudes di Gibelletto, died young
        • Girard di Gibelletto, died young
        • Giovanni III di Gibelletto, Lord of Saint-Foucy, married Gillette d'Angiller, and had:
          • Guglielmo III di Gibelletto, married in 1318 Marie de Verny, without issue
          • Maria di Gibelletto
          • Eschiva di Gibelletto (d. c. 1350), married Simon Petit (d. 1355/1338)
        • Stefania di Gibelletto, married Amaury le Bernier
        • Maria di Gibelletto, married Amaury le Flamenc
        • Eufemia di Gibelletto, died young
        • Agnese di Gibelletto, died young
      • Adamo di Gibelletto, Lord of Adelon
      • Agnese di Gibelletto, married Dietrich von Dendermonde

See also[edit]


  1. ^ Je m'appelle Byblos, Jean-Pierre Thiollet, H & D, 2005. ISBN 2 914 266 04 9.
  2. ^ (Italian) Genoa
  3. ^ [1], Steven Runciman, A History of the Crusades III, p.149.
  4. ^ [2], Steven Runciman, A History of the Crusades III, p.407.

Coordinates: 34°07′12″N 35°38′47″E / 34.1200°N 35.6464°E / 34.1200; 35.6464