Humaydah

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Banu Humaydah
Total population
(30,000.[1])
Regions with significant populations
Bareq, Al-Majardah
Languages
Arabic
Religion
Islam

Humaydah (also transliterated as Humaidah, Arabic: حميضة‎‎), is an Arab tribe,[2] a subgroup of the Bariq tribe of the Qahtanite people. They were a powerful house which governed the city of Bareq until the Ibn Saud invasion and lived peacefully beside al-Ali.[3]

Kinahan Cornwallis Said (1916):« Humeidah. Live in the western part of the district along the Muhail-Qunfudah road from Dhahab to 'Aqabet es-Suhul and extend down the 'Aqabah to Ghar el- Hindi. numbering 7,000 men, of whom 4,000 are nomads٫Their Chief Sheikh is Mohammed Ibn Haiazah.»

Naval Intelligence Handbooks (1916): «The most important tribe is the Humeidah, numbering 7,000 men, of whom 4,000 are nomads. They occupy the western part of the district, and the Muha'il- Qunfudah road from Dhahab to Ghar el-Hindi is in their territory. They quarrel with the Al Isba'i and are divided amongst themselves, the villagers favouring the Turks, the nomads Idrisi. Taken as a whole the tribes support Idrisi, with the exception of the settled Humeidah, and pay him taxes. They are peaceful and pleasure-loving, and by no means fond of war. At the same time they are not above harrying small Turkish convoys.»

Wilfred Thesiger (1946): «This desolate country continued until we reached the wadi khat and the cultivated lands of the Humaidha tribe at barik who resemble the ‘Amara and live in well-built, flat-roofed, stone houses. These sedentary tribes own a few camels, some cattle, and fair-sized herds of sheep and goats. They are however essentially cultivators who grow dhurra or “dukhn” (bull-rush millet), either on small plains irrigated by the floods or on the silt of the stream beds.»

Origin[edit]

Banu Humaydah trace their origin to Humaydah b. al-Harith b. Awf b. Amr b. Sa`d b. Thailbh b. Kinanah b. Bariq . They lived in Bareq with the other Bariq tribes, Al-Musa ibn Ali, Al- Isb'ai and Al-Jabali.[4][5]

Humaydah branches[edit]

  • Al-Hajri[6]
  • Al-Salim
  • Maha'mula
  • Aaram (Al-Aram)
  • Gdraymah (Al-Gdraymah)
  • Fseel (Al-Fseel)

Influential people of Bariq[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]