Hussein Roshdy Pasha

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search
Hussein Roshdy Pasha
حسين رشدي باشا
Hussein Roushdi.jpg
11th Prime Minister of Egypt
In office
5 April 1914 – 12 April 1919
MonarchAbbas II
Hussein Kamel
Fuad I
Preceded byMohamed Said Pasha
Succeeded byMohamed Said Pasha
Personal details
Born1863
Died1928 (aged 64–65)
Spouse(s)Eugenie Le Brun

Hussein, Pasha Roshdy (1863–1928) (Arabic: حسين رشدي باشا‎) was an Egyptian political figure of Turkish origin[1][2] who served as Prime Minister of Egypt between 1914 and 1919.

Biography[edit]

Born in family origins of which are in Kavala. His great grandfather Topuzoglou (also pronounced as 'Tabuzoglu' which in Turkish means 'Son of Cannon' and indicates linear descent from janissary) who came with Muhammad Ali of Egypt and for his success against British invasion in Rosetta was appointed by him with governorship of Alexandria.[3]

Served as last Prime Minister of Khedivate of Egypt till 19 December 1914 and continued in his office as the first Prime Minister of Sultanate of Egypt. Under pressure from British authorities, Roshdy issued a “Decision of the Council of Ministers” which essentially declared war against the Central Powers in the First World War. He was later forced to resign for failing to resolve a strike by government officials demanding mandatory recognition of the Egyptian delegation by the cabinet and the withdrawal of British sentries and guards.[4]

He was married to a daughter of the Ottoman sultan's chief of staff and had second marriage to Eugénie Le Brun. His sister was married to Hasan Pasha Mahmoud, dean of the Faculcy of Medicine at Cairo University and king's private physician.[5]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Goldschmidt, Arthur (2000). Biographical dictionary of modern Egypt. Lynne Rienner Publishers. p. 169. ISBN 1-55587-229-8.
  2. ^ Rizk, Yunan Labib (2000), A Diwan of contemporary life (351): Ads: Mirror and catalyst, Al-Ahram, archived from the original on 20 September 2017, retrieved 18 September 2017, Perhaps the only exception to this phenomenon were such figures as Adli Yakan, Hussein Rushdi and Abdel-Khaleq Tharwat, all hailing from the Turkish aristocracy who never wore traditional Egyptian garb in the first place.
  3. ^ Hasan, Sana (1986). Enemy in Promised Land: An Egyptian Woman's Journey into Israel. New York: Shoken books. p. 31. ISBN 0-8052-0853-4.
  4. ^ *Carman, Harry J. (Mar. 1921). “England and the Egyptian Problem”. Political Science Quarterly 36(1), 51-78.
  5. ^ Hasan, Sana (1986). Enemy in Promised Land: An Egyptian Woman's Journey into Israel. New York: Shoken books. p. 31. ISBN 0-8052-0853-4.

See also[edit]

Political offices
Preceded by
Mohamed Said Pasha
Prime Minister of Egypt
1914–1919
Succeeded by
Mohamed Said Pasha