Atef Ebeid

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Atef Ebeid
عاطف محمد عبيد
Atef Ebeid.jpg
47th Prime Minister of Egypt
In office
5 October 1999 – 14 July 2004
PresidentHosni Mubarak
Preceded byKamal Ganzouri
Succeeded byAhmed Nazif
Personal details
Born(1932-04-14)14 April 1932
Tanta, Egypt
Died12 September 2014(2014-09-12) (aged 82)
Political partyNational Democratic Party (Egypt)
Alma materCairo University
University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign

Atef Muhammad Ebeid (Arabic: عاطف محمد عبيد‎, IPA: [ˈʕɑːtˤef mæˈħæmmæd ʕeˈbeːd]) (14 April 1932 – 12 September 2014) was an Egyptian politician who served in various capacities in the governments of Egypt. He was Prime Minister of Egypt from 1999 to 2004.

Early life and education[edit]

Ebeid was born in Tanta, Gharbiya governorate, on 14 April 1932.[1] He graduated from Cairo University in 1955 and received a PhD from the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign in 1962.


Ebeid was professor of business at Cairo University until joining politics. In the 1980s he was the Minister of Cabinet Affairs.[2] He served as the Minister for Domestic Development under the Sedki government, and then as Minister of Planning in the government of Kamal Ganzouri.[3] He served as Prime Minister from 5 October 1999 to July 2004. He was sworn in on 5 October 1999, replacing Ganzouri.[3]

Ebeid served as the acting president of Egypt from 20 June 2004 to 6 July 2004, a period during which President Hosni Mubarak was receiving medical treatment in Germany.[4] He was also an economic advisor to Mubarak.[5] He resigned on 9 July 2004, amid increasing pressure from part of the business community demanding more rapid privatization and less state regulation.[6] Ahmed Nazif replaced him in the post.[7]

Then Ebeid headed the Arab International Bank, a popular post with former Egyptian prime ministers. In April 2011 he was removed from office by Prime Minister Essam Sharaf due to corruption allegations.[5] He also wrote for the Akhbar Alyoum.[8]


Ebeid was sentenced to ten years in prison on 1 March 2012 for squandering public funds.[9] His assets were also frozen previously.[5] In early January 2013 the Egypt's Court of Appeal overturned the verdict and ordered the ex-PM's retrial, which was held at late January 2013.[10] The court again acquitted him of fraud charges in land case.[10]


  1. ^ "Index E". Rulers. Retrieved 26 July 2013.
  2. ^ El Sherif, Hisham (January–February 1990). "Managing Institutionalization of Strategic Decision Support for the Egyptian Cabinet". Interfaces. 20 (1): 97–114. doi:10.1287/inte.20.1.97. JSTOR 25061314.
  3. ^ a b Shehab, Shaden (14 October 1999). "Shuffle sense". Al-Ahram Weekly. Retrieved 9 December 2009.
  4. ^ "Reform in the making". Al-Ahram Weekly. 24 June 2004. Archived from the original on 9 August 2009. Retrieved 9 December 2009.
  5. ^ a b c Hussein, Salma (7 April 2011). "Egypt PM dismisses Atef Ebeid from AIB chairmanship". Al Ahram Online. Retrieved 26 July 2013.
  6. ^ "Egypt sacks former PM Ebeid as Arab Int'l Bank head". Daily News Egypt. Cairo. 8 April 2011. Retrieved 26 July 2013.
  7. ^ Salah, Mohammad (8 March 2010). "The President and his Vice President". Dar Al Hayat International. Retrieved 26 July 2013.
  8. ^ al Muslimani, Ahmed (13 October 2008). "PM Atef Ebeid's State". Almasry Alyoum. Retrieved 26 July 2013.
  9. ^ "Egypt: 10-Year Prison Sentence For Atef Ebeid and Youssef Wali". Aswat Masriya (Cairo). 1 March 2012. Retrieved 12 June 2012.
  10. ^ a b "Egypt court acquits ex-PM Atef Ebeid of fraud charges in land case". Egypt. 29 January 2013. Retrieved 26 July 2013.
Political offices
Preceded by
Kamal Ganzouri
Prime Minister of Egypt
1999 – 2004
Ahmed Nazif