May 4, 1975|
|Alternate name||Nag Mohammed|
Edham Mamet (also Nag Mohammed) is an Uyghur refugee best known for the more than seven years he spent in the United States Guantanamo Bay detention camps, in Cuba. He was captured in Afghanistan in November 2001. Joint Task Force Guantanamo counter-terrorism analysts estimate Nag Mohammed was born on May 4, 1975, in Khulga, China.
Determined not to be an enemy combatant after all
Writ of Habeas Corpus
A writ of habeas corpus, Nag Mohammed v. George W. Bush, was submitted on Nag Mohammed's behalf. In response, on 19 September 2005 the Department of Defense released 30 pages of unclassified documents related to his Combatant Status Review Tribunal.
Denial of transfer to the USA
US District Court Judge Ricardo Urbina had scheduled the session where the Executive Branch would file the evidence that justified classifying the remaining Uyghurs as "enemy combatants" for 7 October 2008. On 30 September 2008 Gregory G. Katsas, the United States' Assistant Attorney General "notice of status" stated that the seventeen remaining Uyghur captives would no longer be treated as enemy combatants.
Lawyers for the Uyghurs pointed out that some of the Uyghurs remained in solitary confinement in Camp 6. And the Department of Defense agreed that since the men were no longer to be treated as enemy combatants they would all be transferred to Camp Iguana.
On 7 October 2008, when the Department of Justice did not file the evidence justifying classifying the Uyghurs as enemy combatants, he issued an order requiring the Department of Defense to bring the Uyghurs to his court on 10 October 2008.
On 8 October 2008 the Department of Justice filed an Emergency Motion. A three judge panel of Judges in the Washington Court of Appeals granted the Executive Branch a brief respite from complying with Judge Urbina's order. The panel schedule its hearing of the Executive Branch's justification for 20 October 2008.
On 16 October 2008 the Department of Justice filed its justification for restriction
Asylum in Palau
In June 2009 the government of Palau announced that they would offer temporary asylum to some of the Uyghurs. The government of Palau sent a delegation Guantanamo, and interviewed some of the remaining Uyghurs. Some of the Uyghurs declined to be interviewed by the Palauns. In the end the government of Palau offered asylum to twelve of the remaining thirteen Uyghurs. Palau declined to offer asylum to one of the Uyghurs who suffered from a mental disorder, brought on by detention, that was too profound to be treated in Palau.
On June 29, 2015, Nathan Vanderklippe, reporting in the Globe and Mail, wrote that all the Uyghurs had quietly left Palau. The Globe confirmed that Palau's agreement to give refuge to the Uyghurs was reached after the USA agreed to various secret payments. Those payments included $93,333 to cover each Uyghurs living expenses. The Globe confirmed that controversy still surrounded former President Johnson Toribiong who had used some of those funds to billet the Uyghurs in houses belonging to his relatives.
Vanderklippe reported that the men had never felt they could fit in with the Palauns. Some of the men compared Palau with a lusher, larger Guantanamo. Some of the men were able to bring their wives to Palau. Attempts to hold most regular jobs failed, due to cultural differences. Attempts to use their traditional leather-working skills to be self-employed failed. Eventually, all six men were employed as night-time security guards, a job that did not require interaction with Palauns.
Tragically, one of the men's young toddler, conceived and born on Palau, died after he fell off a balcony. According to Vanderklippe, the men's departure from Palau was quietly arranged with cooperation with American officials. He reported they left, one or two at a time, on commercial flights. Palaun officials would not share the Uyghurs destination.
- OARDEC (May 15, 2006). "List of Individuals Detained by the Department of Defense at Guantanamo Bay, Cuba from January 2002 through May 15, 2006" (PDF). United States Department of Defense. Retrieved 2007-09-29.
- OARDEC (November 5, 2004). "Summary of Evidence for Combatant Status Review Tribunal -- Mohammed, Nag (published September 2007)" (PDF). United States Department of Defense. p. 18. Archived from the original (PDF) on December 4, 2007. Retrieved 2007-12-17.
- OARDEC (April 20, 2006). "List of detainee who went through complete CSRT process" (PDF). United States Department of Defense. Archived from the original (PDF) on September 30, 2007. Retrieved 2007-09-29.
- OARDEC (July 17, 2007). "Index for Combatant Status Review Board unclassified summaries of evidence" (PDF). United States Department of Defense. Retrieved 2007-09-29.
- OARDEC (August 8, 2007). "Index for CSRT Records Publicly Files in Guantanamo Detainee Cases" (PDF). United States Department of Defense. Retrieved 2007-09-29.
- "Edham Mamet - The Guantánamo Docket". The New York Times.
- Delahunt, Bill; Willett, Sabin (2009-04-02). "Innocent detainees need a home". The Boston Globe.
- China's Uighurs trapped at Guantanamo, Asia Times, November 4, 2004
- Gregory G. Katsas (2008-09-30). "notice of status" (PDF). United States Department of Justice. Archived from the original on 2008-10-09. Retrieved 2008-10-18.
- "Nag Mohammed v. George W. Bush" (PDF). United States Department of Defense. 19 September 2005. pp. 1–30. Retrieved 2007-12-17.
- "United States Transfers Six Uighur Detainees from Guantanamo Bay to Palau". United States Department of Justice. 2009-10-31. Archived from the original on 2009-10-31.
- David Johnston (2009-10-31). "Uighurs Leave Guantánamo for Palau". New York Times. Archived from the original on 2009-10-31.
- "Guantanamo Uighurs sent to Palau". BBC News. 2009-10-31. Archived from the original on 2009-10-31.
- "Six Guantanamo Uighurs arrive in Palau: US". Agence France Presse. 2009-10-31. Archived from the original on 2009-10-31.
- "6 Muslim Uighur Detainees From Guantanamo Arrive In Palau". Pacific News Center. 2009-11-01. Archived from the original on 2009-11-01. Retrieved 2009-09-26.
- Nathan Vanderklippe (2015-06-28). "After Guantanamo, life on Pacific island was difficult". Beijing: Globe and Mail. Archived from the original on 2015-06-30.
In exchange for money from the U.S. – including $93,333 (U.S.) for each man – Palau allowed the Uyghurs to trade life behind barbed-wire fences for life in one of earth’s most isolated places, an island chain with a local population of just 20,000.
- From Guantánamo to the United States: The Story of the Wrongly Imprisoned Uighurs Andy Worthington October 9, 2008
- Judge Ricardo Urbina’s unclassified opinion (redacted version)
- MOTIONS/STATUS HEARING - UIGHURS CASES BEFORE THE HONORABLE RICARDO M. URBINA
- Palau Uyghurs try to build new lives[permanent dead link] Kyodo News December 15, 2009
- Human Rights First; Habeas Works: Federal Courts’ Proven Capacity to Handle Guantánamo Cases (2010)[permanent dead link]