Iecava Municipality

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Iecava Municipality

Iecavas novads
Flag of Iecava Municipality
Flag
Coat of arms of Iecava Municipality
Coat of arms
Iecavas novads karte.png
Country Latvia
Formed2003
CentreIecava
Government
 • MayorAivars Mačeks
Area
 • Total311.6 km2 (120.3 sq mi)
Population
 (2019)[2]
 • Total9,019
 • Density29/km2 (75/sq mi)
Websitewww.iecava.lv

Iecava Municipality (Latvian: Iecavas novads) is a municipality in the historical region of Zemgale, and the Zemgale Planning Region in Latvia. The municipality was formed 2003 by a reorganization of Iecava Parish, the administrative centre being Iecava. The municipality consists of the following villages: Audrupi, Dimzukalns, Dzelzāmurs, Dzimtmisa, Iecava, Rosme, Zālīte, Zorģi.[3]

History[edit]

Iecava is first mentioned in the year 1492, when the master of Livonian Order Johann Freytag von Loringhoven issued a document regarding the duties of peasants regarding the manor house of Iecava and Mezotne.

There is earlier proof of inhabitants of Semigallia settling the area. Today, in the center of Iecava, there was a camp, in which there have been found many items even from the Stone Age such as war hammers and work hammers. Two early tombs of the Iron Age were also explored.

In the 14th century Iecava was subordinated into the Livonian Order. From mid 16th century to end of 18th century the town was part of the Duchy of Courland. In 1567, with the order of the Duke of Courland, a separate Iecava-Lambarte congregation was founded, for which the Lutheran Church began to be built in 1641. During the Duchy of Courland in 1652.-1845. Iecava became a local industrial center with copper, tar, lime, brick and coal kilns, dolomite quarries, paper mills, flax and monochrome weave weaver, and stud workshops. Cannons (two of them are displayed in the center of Iecava), cannon balls, ship nails, and boilers were produced.

After adding Courland to Russian Empire, Iecava became a crown manor. In 1795, the estate was acquired by Count Peter von der Paul, to whom the Russian Empress Catherine II donated the previously rented Lieliecava manor, and came to Paul's "eternal ownership". Count Paul's reign brought Iecava a lively boom - at the end of the 18th century Iecava castle was built, 1795-1890. created an English-style landscape park of 17.2 hectares with a large variety of native tree species and exotic species.

During the Napoleonic invasion in 1812, significant fights took place in Iecava. During the French invasion, Colonel de Tolli, the brother of the famous Russian soldier Barklaja de Tolli, died here. From the times of Napoleon's struggle, according to the stories, there were several bullets shot in the Iecava church tower. On July 7, 1812, the most significant clashes in the territory of Latvia - Iecava Battle - took place in Iecava. In this battle, the French troops' army, led by General Gabor and Kleist, defeated Russian troops.

In the 19th century there were 16 manors in the territory of Iecava (Brantu, Briede, Grienvalde, Misa, Zorģe manor, etc.). In 1827 the Dzimtmisas School was opened, 1858. - Iecava School, 1864. - Misa School. At the end of the 19th century, the rapid development of capitalism and the geographical position of Iecava contributed to the development of the village and its administrative center. In 1869 a parish house was built, in 1876 - the school of Iecava parish. In 1885, a pharmacy was opened in Iecava, which is still in operation in this building. In 1891, the new Peace Court building, including customs, police, post office (now houses a cultural house), was completed. During this time, too, Craftsmen's House (now - mail).

During the first world war, two years in the vicinity of the frontline, Iecava was hit hard. Iecava Palace was destroyed in 1915 with the departation of the Russian army from Riga. From the palace complex, the library housing of the Earl Leonid von der Pavlen, the horse stables, and the three park guards' houses have remained.

Although Iecava suffered greatly during the First World War - there were only 43 homes with 139 inhabitants in the 1920 s - it quickly recovered due to convenient traffic and fertile soils.

At the time of the first Republic of Latvia, 17 000 ha of the land of the Liestov Manor was divided into new holdings, while the manor was converted into a village with 400 building blocks. In 1935, there were 709 residents in the village. In the second half of the 30 s, Iecava had two schools, three libraries, a hospital, many commercial and industrial companies, and several associations.

On 23 August 1936, the Freedom Monument was built in Iecava Park. The monument from Latvian Granite was formed by artist P. Bander.

Soviet occupation[edit]

The end of the first year of occupation of Latvia (1941) is dramatic for Latvia as a whole and also for Iecava - a large part of the population of the parish was deported. The second wave of deportations over Iecava came in 1949. Only a portion of the deported returns. On June 14, 1990, at Iecava station, the sculptor's Martin Zaur-designed monument was discovered to the victims of Stalinist repression, “The pain semafort.”

The years of Soviet occupation are marked by forced collectivization. After World War II, more than 10 kolhozes were established in Iecava territory, combined in the 70 s in the “Iecava” kolhoz (a/s “Rakmente”, etc., founded in the early 90 s), p/s “Progress” (several companies were created in the early 1990s, including co-operative societies “Ikstrums” and “Rosme”, SIA, Iecava) and p/s Zaliite.

In 1958, by decree of the Supreme Council of the LSSR, the heavily populated area “Iecava” is transformed into a working village. There are 1242 residents in the village this time around.

By the end of the 1950 s, the food industry began to grow in Iecava. A distillery was reconstructed in 1957, a dairy combined in 1962, a bakery was built in 1961. In 1968, a combined feed plant started production, in 1973 the Iecava bird factory was created (now a/s “Balticovo”, the largest producer of eggs in the Baltic).

On 1 February 1963, the village of Iecava workers was transformed into a city village.

In the 1980s, a strong agrarian complex base has developed in Iecava's urban village and its surroundings. The Iecava station contains an intermediate-Republican fertilizer base, a combined forage plant, and an asphalt-concrete plant. The area comprises an Iecava bird factory, an distillery, a dairy and other businesses. Large agricultural production companies were here. The overall atmosphere was affected by the former presence of three parts of the USSR rocket bases.

After independence[edit]

In the early 1990 s, with the recovery of Latvia's independence and rapid changes in economic life, Iecava and its surroundings also changed. Some of the Soviet troops were leaving and there was a change in the legal status of many companies in the area.

In 1990, the Council of Members of the People of Iecava chose in favour of the parish when examining the question of changing the status of the village.

On 12 August 2003, the deputies of Iecava parish council unanimously decided to establish the municipality of Iecava within the administrative territorial borders of the civil parish of Iecava and, on the basis of regulation 708, adopted by the Cabinet on 16.12.2003, “Provisions on the establishment of the municipality of Bauska district Iecava”, Iecava parish becomes Iecava municipality (1 January 2004).

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ The Ministry of Regional Development and Local Government of the Republic of Latvia Archived 2014-02-07 at the Wayback Machine
  2. ^ The page of the municipality
  3. ^ "IECAVAS NOVADA PAŠVALDĪBAS NOLIKUMS" [Iecava Municipality Regulatory Act] (PDF) (in Latvian). Iecava Municipality. 2009-07-14. Retrieved 2010-09-24.

Coordinates: 56°35′00″N 24°11′00″E / 56.5833°N 24.1833°E / 56.5833; 24.1833