Ilya Nikolayevich Ulyanov
31 July 1831
|Died||24 January 1886 (aged 54)|
Simbirsk, Russian Empire
|Occupation||Teacher, public education administrator|
|Known for||Father of Vladimir Lenin|
Ilya Nikolayevich Ulyanov (Russian: Илья Николаевич Ульянов; 31 July [O.S. 19 July] 1831 – 24 January [O.S. 12 January] 1886) was a Russian public figure in the field of public education. He was the father of revolutionary Vladimir Lenin, who became a Bolshevik leader and founder of the Soviet Union, and Aleksandr Ulyanov, who was executed for his attempt to assassinate Tsar Alexander III in 1886.
Ilya Ulyanov was born in Astrakhan. His father was Nikolai Vasilievich Ulyanov (or Ulyanin; 1765–1838), a port-city tailor and a former serf of possible Russian, Chuvash, Mordvinian or Kalmyk descent, who came from Sergachsky District, Nizhny Novgorod Governorate. He received his freedom from a landowner, Stepan Mikhailovich Brekhov. Ilya's mother, Anna Alexeyevna Smirnova (1793–1871), was half-Kalmyk, half-Russian and the daughter of city-dweller Alexei Lukyanovich Smirnov, a son of Lukyan Smirnov. Nikolai married the 30-year-old Anna in 1823. Ilya had three sisters and a brother.
Ulyanov graduated from Kazan University's Department of Physics and Mathematics in 1854. In the 1850s and 1860s, he taught mathematics and physics at Penza Institute for the Dvoryane, and later at a gymnasium and a school for women in Nizhny Novgorod. Around that time, he married Maria Alexandrovna Blank. While in Penza, Ulyanov conducted meteorological observations, on the basis of which he would write several scientific works.
In 1869, Ulyanov was appointed inspector of public schools in the Simbirsk guberniya (in 1874-1886 he was their director). In 1882, Ulyanov was promoted to the rank of Active State Councillor, which gave him a privilege of hereditary nobility and accompanied with the award of the Order of Saint Vladimir, 3rd Class.
Ulyanov was a well-educated man with excellent organizational and teaching skills. Some Soviet historians believed that his pedagogical views had been formed under the influence of the revolutionary ideas of Nikolai Chernyshevsky and Nikolai Dobrolyubov. Ulyanov contributed immensely to elaboration of theory and practice of elementary education. He was an advocate of equal rights for education regardless of gender, nationality and social status. In 1871, Ulyanov opened the first Chuvash school in Simbirsk, which would later be transformed into Chuvash teacher's seminar. He also established national schools for Mordvins and Tatars. Furthermore, Ulyanov organized and presided over many teacher's congresses and other events of the similar kind.
- Maria Alexandrovna Ulyanova, married 1863. Eight children, out of which two died as infants.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Ilya Nikolaevich Ulyanov.|
- Ульянов Илья Николаевич (Ilya Nikolayevich Ulyanov). Great Soviet Encyclopedia. 1969. Retrieved 3 August 2015.
- White, James D. (2001-03-13). Lenin: The Practice and Theory of Revolution. Macmillan International Higher Education. ISBN 978-0-333-98537-3.
- Service, Robert W. (2000). Lenin : a biography. London: Macmillan. pp. 21–23. ISBN 0-333-72625-1. OCLC 44015039.
- White, James D. (2001). Lenin : the practice and theory of revolution. Houndmills, Basingstoke, Hampshire: Palgrave. ISBN 0-333-72156-X. OCLC 44768945.
- "Владимир Ильич Ленин (1870–1924)" (in Russian). Uniros.ru. Archived from the original on 18 September 2012. Retrieved 3 August 2015.
- On the Benefits of Meteorological Observations and Some Conclusions on Their Use for Penza (О пользе метеорологических наблюдений и некоторые выводы из них для Пензы) and On Thunderstorm and Lightning rods (О грозе и громоотводах).
- Lenin: A Biography, Robert Service
- Adam Bruno (2009). The Bolsheviks: the intellectual and political history of the triumph of communism in Russia : with a new preface (revised ed.). Harvard University Press. p. 8. ISBN 9780674044531.