In a Sentimental Mood
"In a Sentimental Mood" is a jazz composition by Duke Ellington that is also performed as a song. Ellington composed the piece in 1935 and recorded it with his orchestra the same year. Lyrics were later written for the tune by Manny Kurtz; as was the custom of the day, Ellington's manager Irving Mills — who never wrote a note of music or a word of lyrics in his life — cut himself in for a percentage of the publishing, the song credited to all three.
According to Ellington, the song was born in Durham, North Carolina. "We had played a big dance in a tobacco warehouse, and afterwards a friend of mine, an executive in the North Carolina Mutual Insurance Company, threw a party for Amy. I was playing piano when another one of our friends had some trouble with two chicks. To pacify them, I composed this there and then, with one chick standing on each side of the piano." The original recording featured solos by Otto Hardwicke, Harry Carney, Lawrence Brown, and Rex Stewart.
"In a Sentimental Mood" makes use of a musical technique called contrapuntal or chromatic embellishment of static harmony. This is also sometimes referred to as a line cliché.
Ellington recorded his best-known version together with John Coltrane, which is featured on Duke Ellington and John Coltrane (1963) and Coltrane for Lovers (2001). The original was recorded in D minor, ending in F major, but the later Ellington and Coltrane version was performed in the key of B-flat minor, mainly from B-flat minor 7th to E-flat minor 7th, and then A-flat 13th to D-flat major 7th, with an interesting interlude in A major.
The song has been performed by many other artists including Phyllis Hyman, Ella Fitzgerald, Sarah Vaughan, Art Tatum, Oscar Peterson, Bill Evans, Stan Getz, Django Reinhardt, Lucky Thompson, Jay McShann, Benny Goodman, Pedro Rossi, Joe Jackson Billy Joel, Nancy Wilson, Dr. John, Sonny Rollins, Michael Brecker (Steps Ahead), Daniel Barenboim, Edvard Sađil, Larry Coryell (from his 2001 album Inner Urge), Roseanna Vitro (in her 1991 album Reaching for the Moon), Rob Mullins, Archie Shepp, Jessica Williams, and Alex Bugnon. In 2009 Mark Isham & Kate Ceberano recorded a version for their Bittersweet album.
In movies and television
- "In a Sentimental Mood" was included in the soundtrack for the 2005 romantic comedy-drama film Prime.
- This song was also featured in the movie Love Jones (1997).
- This song was sampled in Mac Miller's "Diablo" on Faces (2014).
- It was also featured in an episode of The Cosby Show and Girlfriends.
- The song was featured in the 1991 comic book film, The Rocketeer. The tune was played during a memorable dance sequence between Timothy Dalton and Jennifer Connelly.
- A version by Benny Goodman also appears in an episode of the Ken Burns documentary The War called "When Things Get Tough."
- A version by Billy Joel also appears in the 1992 film A League of Their Own.
- Performed in Basil Deardon's 1962 re-telling of Othello, All Night Long.
- It is also available on the soundtrack of Me and Orson Welles (2009) performed by Benny Goodman and his Orchestra.
- It was featured in an episode of Gotham during a conversation between Alfred Pennyworth and Lucius Fox.
History and analysis
- As recounted by Stanley Dance, in his liner notes to The Ellington Era, 1927-1940, Vol. 2 LP.
- "In a Sentimental Mood". Jazzstandards.com. Retrieved 29 April 2014.
- "Inner Urge overview". Allmusic.com.
- "Larry Coryell by Seth Rogovoy". Allmusic.com.
- "Standards & More overview". Allmusic.com.
- "Rob Mullins – Standards & More". All About Jazz.
- "Soul Purpose overview". Allmusic.com.
- "Smooth Sailing February 2002". SmoothVibes.com.