An independent scholar is anyone who conducts scholarly research outside universities and traditional academia.
In the US, a professional association exists for independent scholars: this association is the National Coalition of Independent Scholars. In Canada, the equivalent professional association is the Canadian Academy of Independent Scholars (in association with Simon Fraser University). Similar organizations exist around the world. Membership in a professional association generally entails a degree of post-secondary education and established research.
- Gross, Ronald (1993). The Independent Scholar's Handbook. Berkeley, CA: Ten Speed Press. ISBN 0-89815-521-5.
- Gross, Ronald (1991). Peak Learning: How to Create Your Own Lifelong Education Program for Personal Enlightenment and Professional Success. New York City: J.P. Tarcher. ISBN 0-87477-957-X.