Ioannina Island

Coordinates: 39°40′39″N 20°52′30″E / 39.67750°N 20.87500°E / 39.67750; 20.87500
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Ioannina Island
Νήσος Ιωαννίνων
Ioannina Island
Ioannina Island
Ioannina Island is located in Greece
Ioannina Island
Ioannina Island
Location within the regional unit
Coordinates: 39°40′39″N 20°52′30″E / 39.67750°N 20.87500°E / 39.67750; 20.87500
CountryGreece
Administrative regionEpirus
Regional unitIoannina
MunicipalityIoannina
Population
 (2011)[1]
 • Municipal unit
219
Time zoneUTC+2 (EET)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+3 (EEST)
Vehicle registrationΙΝ

Ioannina Island (Greek: Νήσος Ιωαννίνων) is an island in the Lake of Ioannina, Epirus, Greece, a municipal unit of the municipality of Ioannina. Its area is 0.2 km2, with biggest length 800 meters and biggest width 500 meters. Until the 2011 reform of local government, it was a community within the Ioannina regional unit.[2] Its population in 2001 was 347 and in 2011 was 219. It is one of only two inhabited lake islands in Greece, the other being Agios Achilleios. It is reached by boat from the city of Ioannina or by ferry from the nearby shore.

History[edit]

The island is mentioned since 13th century when the first monastery, Saint Nicholas Monastery, was built by Michael Philanthropinos, a Byzantine aristocrat, who along with other prominent Byzantine families, left Constantinople after the 1st Fall of the Crusaders in 1204, to settle in just established Despotate of Epirus.[3] Shortly after, Stratigopoulos, another aristocrat of Byzantium, founds the homonym Monastery, which later, during the Ottoman period, it was named Diliou Monastery, by the name of the affluent family that maintained it.[4]

Though the following years were marked by the constant raids of the Albanians and the conquest of Ioannina by the Ottomans in 1430, however, they did not affect the acne of these Monasteries, that reached their peak in the 16th century. It was then that the extraordinary frescoes were painted. Especially, in the Filanthropinos Monastery, frescoes are a remarkable example of the School of northwestern Greece. In that particular Monastery, there was a great library, including "Kouvaras", a manuscript code containing rare texts on the area's history. Because of the great acne, two more Monasteries were built, that of Saint Nicholas Methodius (later named Saint Eleousa), also with beautiful murals, which, in 1872 and until 1922, was operated as a priestly school, and, on the northeast side of the island, the Prodromos Monastery, built in a rare architectural style.

In the 17th century, three last Monasteries were built, that of Transfiguration of Jesus, with Western frescoes, which after the disasters by the Sultan's burning in 1822, belongs to Eleousa Monastery, the Monastery of Prophet Elias, on top of the pine-covered hill in the middle of the Island and the Monastery of Saint Panteleimon where someone can visit the well-maintained cells. In the north cells, a collection of manuscripts and old copies from the Monasteries is kept, while in the south cells the Museum of the (pre) revolutionary period is housed.

The little settlement of the island built possibly during 17th century and it flourished in the Ali Pasha Era. In this place, Ali Pasha died in 1822, chased by Ottoman army.[5] The exceptional Late Byzantine Monasteries are seven in number, so much so that the Island is ranked as the 3rd largest monastic state in Greece, after Mount Athos and Meteora.

Historical population[edit]

Census Settlement
1991 348
2001 347
2011 219

Places of interest[edit]

  • Filantropinos Monastery or Saint Nicholas: It is built in 1291 or 1292, it is the oldest monastery of the island and it is visitable. It is located south-east of the island's settlement.[3]
  • Saint Nicholas or Ntiliou Monastery: It is located south of Philanthropinos Monastery, it was built short after this monastery and it is visitable.[4]
  • St Eleousa Monastery: It is located south of Saint Nicholas Ntiliou Monastery. Initially, the monastery was named Monastery of Agios Nikalaos Methodatos. It was built possibly in 16th century and it is visitable.[6]
  • Prophet Elias Monastery: It is located in the highest point of the island and it was built possibly during 17th century in place of one oldest church.[6]
  • Transfiguration of Jesus Monastery: It is located in the southwest part of the island, built possibly at the beginning of the 17th century.[6]
  • Prodromos Monastery: It is located south-east of the island's settlement, built at the beginning of 16th century.[6]
  • Saint Panteleimonas Monastery: It is located near Monastery of Prodromos. Ali Pasha was murdered in this place and it is visitable.[5][6]
  • Settlement of the island: The settlement is an important sample of traditional Epirotic architecture with stone houses and slate roofs. It is located in the north part of the island.

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "Απογραφή Πληθυσμού - Κατοικιών 2011. ΜΟΝΙΜΟΣ Πληθυσμός" (in Greek). Hellenic Statistical Authority.
  2. ^ "ΦΕΚ B 1292/2010, Kallikratis reform municipalities" (in Greek). Government Gazette.
  3. ^ a b "Monastery of Agios Nikolaos of Philanthropenoi". odysseus.culture.gr. Retrieved 9 May 2015.
  4. ^ a b "Ιερές μονές στο νησάκι των Ιωαννίνων". matia.gr. Retrieved 9 May 2015.
  5. ^ a b "Ιωάννινα: Το νησί των μύθων". ethnos.gr. Retrieved 9 May 2015.
  6. ^ a b c d e "Τα Μοναστήρια του Νησιού των Ιωαννίνων". romiosini.org.gr. Retrieved 11 May 2015.