Isabel Helen Cox
19 September 1919
Streatham, London, England
|Died||19 February 1987 (aged 67)|
Flixton, Trafford, Greater Manchester, England
|Alma mater||Newnham College, Cambridge (1945MA):|
Early life and education
Isabel Helen Cox was born on 19 September 1919 at Streatham, London. She attended Furzedown Primary School and Streatham Secondary School (both London County Council schools). She was accepted into Newnham College, Cambridge, to read for the Natural Sciences Tripos, where she specialised in physics, studying there from 1938 to 1941. In 1941, she joined Metropolitan‑Vickers Electrical Company Ltd (Metropolitan‑Vickers), Stretford, Manchester, completing an initial two-year college-apprenticeship course in engineering. In 1942, she joined the Institution of Electrical Engineers (IEE, now the Institution of Engineering and Technology) as an associate member. In 1945, she received her MA from Newnham, and on 23 February 1945, she was elected to a fellowship of the Physical Society of London, now the Institute of Physics, transferring from student membership. In the same year, she married John Norman Hardwich, who at the time, was working as an engineer in the High Voltage Research Laboratory at Metropolitan‑Vickers. He was an associate and supporter of the Women's Engineering Society, and he shared the burden of running the home to allow Isabel to continue working at Metropolitan‑Vickers.
After completion of her apprenticeship, Hardwich worked in the Research Department at Metropolitan‑Vickers, becoming one of the original members of the electron microscope team. After a year and a half of working on this project she shifted her focus and began building a photometric laboratory, however this was badly damaged in a fire. She then worked on a setting up a large Hilger ultraviolet spectrometer, then designing an X‑ray spectrometer. She became a member of the Illuminating Engineering Society in 1947, joined the society's Manchester Centre Committee in 1948, and served on both the education and papers sub‑committees. In 1950, she was elected a full member of the IEE.
By 1959, Hardwich was working with beryllium to find the optimum method of refining, melting, and welding it, for use in cans holding enriched uranium inside nuclear reactors. Like most of the staff, she lectured part‑time at the University of Manchester Institute of Science and Technology and the Royal College of Advanced Technology, Salford. In May 1960, she was given responsibility for the employment and training of the technical women within the company's research department. She took on the role following the retirement of Beryl May Dent as section leader for the women in the research department. Throughout her career she campaigned to educate, recruit, and support young women into the industry as professional engineers. She was the only woman engineer delegate at the IEE conference held in Belfast in May 1963. She played a key role in the first six International Conference of Women Engineers and Scientists, particularly in arranging the second conference held in Cambridge in 1967.
Hardwich was notable for her involvement in the Women's Engineering Society. She joined in 1941 and helped to set up its Manchester branch the year after, alongside her great friend motor engineer Elsie Eleanor Verity, and Dorothy Smith, a colleague at Metropolitan‑Vickers. Subsequently, she served as chairman for the session 1947 to 1948. As chairman, she gave the first talk organised by the Manchester branch in that year, an address entitled "Lighten Our Darkness", that introduced the theory of relativity. She was editor of the society's journal, The Woman Engineer, from 1952 to 1956. She went on to serve as the vice president of the society from 1956 to 1960 and as president from 1961 to 1962. She succeeded Madeleine Nobbs in the role and was succeeded in turn by Cicely Thompson. From 1966 to 1973, she was honorary secretary to the society. She was also elected a fellow of the Society of Women Engineers having been a member since 1962. Hardwich retired in 1979.
Death and legacy
Hardwich died on 19 February 1987 at her home in Flixton, a suburb in Trafford, Greater Manchester. The funeral service and committal was held on 26 February 1987 at Manchester Crematorium. Her archive is held at the Institution of Engineering and Technology. The Women's Engineering Society has awarded the Isabel Hardwich medal, named in her honour, since 1987. This is given to a member who has made an outstanding and sustained contribution to the Society over a number of years and "gone above and beyond the call of duty". Past recipients include:
- 2020Dawn Bonfield:
- 2019Petra Gratton:
- 2018Nina Baker:
- 2017Milada Williams and Linda Maynard:
- 2016Dawn Fitt and Jackie Longworth:
- 2015Carol Marsh and Anne Wiseman:
- 2014Alexandra Walker:
- 2013Grazyna Whapshott:
- 2012Jan Peters:
- 2010Pam Wain and Betty McCarthy:
- 2007Dorothy Hatfield:
- 2005Connie Shirley:
- 2004Michael Sanderson: [a]
- 2003Sue Bird and Nicole Rockliff:
- [Temporary cessation of the award from 1993 to 2002]
- 1992Hilda Blount:
- 1991May Maple:
- 1990Cicely Thompson:
- 1989John Hardwich: [b]
- 1988Elizabeth Laverick:
- 1987Sheila Waddell:
- Baker, Nina; Bonfield, Dawn (9 October 2019). "1961–1962: Isabel Helen Hardwich" (PDF). Women's Engineering Society Presidents 1919–1985 (Booklet). Stevenage: Women's Engineering Society. pp. 14–15. Archived (PDF) from the original on 5 June 2020. Retrieved 6 September 2021.
- Grey, Bernard (8 September 1959). "Wanted: More Women Engineers". Liverpool Echo. p. 4. ISSN 1751-6277. OCLC 500165464. Retrieved 6 September 2021 – via British Newspaper Archive.
Laverick, Elizabeth, ed. (1987). "1986 SWE Fellows elected include two WES Members". The Woman Engineer. Spring 1987. London: Women's Engineering Society. 13 (19): 19. ISSN 0043-7298. Retrieved 7 September 2021 – via Institution of Engineering and Technology.
Page 407 in volume.
Rischowski, Irene, ed. (1975). "Obituary. Dorothy Smith". The Woman Engineer. Spring 1975. London: Women's Engineering Society. 11 (15): 15. ISSN 0043-7298. Retrieved 7 September 2021 – via Institution of Engineering and Technology.
Page 337 in volume.
- "Proceedings at Meetings. 23 February 1945". Proceedings of the Physical Society. January 1945 to November 1945. London: Physical Society. 57: IX. 1945. OCLC 1753245. Retrieved 15 September 2021.
Mumby, Kathrine; Hardwich, Isabel, eds. (1951). "Isabel Hardwich M.A., A.M.I.E.E. Editor of the Manchester Number". The Woman Engineer. Summer 1951. London: Women's Engineering Society. 7 (2): 14. ISSN 0043-7298. Retrieved 6 September 2021 – via Institution of Engineering and Technology.
Page 40 in volume.
- Jackson, Veronica Mary (2016). "Part Three: Isabel Hardwich: A WES stalwart at Metrovicks" (PDF). Metropolitan Vickers: Arthur Fleming's Influence on the Origins and Evolution of Apprentice Training and Technical Education, with particular reference to Female College and Student Apprentices between 1945–1967 (PhD). Manchester: Department of History, Politics and Philosophy, Manchester Metropolitan University. pp. 240–250. OCLC 1064617499. Archived from the original on 24 January 2021. Retrieved 6 September 2021.
- "Joanna's Social Round. A female engineer". Belfast Telegraph. 31 May 1963. p. 9. ISSN 0307-5664. OCLC 819006202. Retrieved 6 September 2021 – via British Newspaper Archive.
Hardwich, John (1948). Cooper, J. F. (ed.). "Manchester Branch Report, 1947–1948, and Branch Activities". The Woman Engineer. Summer 1948. London: Women's Engineering Society. 6 (12): 216–217. ISSN 0043-7298. Retrieved 7 September 2021 – via Institution of Engineering and Technology.
Page 264 in volume.
- "Notes and News. Personal News". Technical Education and Industrial Training. London: Evans Brothers. 3 (1): 48. January 1961. doi:10.1108/eb014927. ISSN 0040-0912. OCLC 45194355.
- "Guardian Personal. Deaths". The Guardian. 23 February 1987. p. 28. ISSN 0261-3077. OCLC 60623878. Retrieved 4 September 2021 – via Newspapers.com.
- "Papers collected by Mrs Isabel Hardwich" (1987). Women's Engineering Society, Series: National Archive for Electrical Science and Technology, ID: UK0108 NAEST 092A. Stevenage: Institution of Engineering and Technology. Retrieved 7 September 2021.
- "Isabel Hardwich Medal. Isabel Hardwich Medal Winners". Women's Engineering Society. Stevenage. 2021. Archived from the original on 4 March 2021. Retrieved 6 September 2021.
- Thompson, Cicely (1987). Laverick, Elizabeth (ed.). "Obituary. Isabel Hardwich". The Woman Engineer. Autumn/Winter 1987. London: Women's Engineering Society. 14 (1): 22. ISSN 0043-7298. Retrieved 7 September 2021 – via Institution of Engineering and Technology.
Page 26 in volume.