Islamic Action Front
|Islamic Action Front|
|International affiliation||Muslim Brotherhood|
|Chamber of Deputies||
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|IAF official website|
|Politics of Jordan
Founded in 1992 with 350 members, Engineer Ahmed Azaida, Dr. Is'haq Farhan and Dr. Abdul Latif Arabiyat were the main force behind the formation.
Sheikh Hamza Mansour is the chief of the IAF and has declared the organization's intentions as wanting "to be treated as free men" and as wanting "relations with the US based on mutual respect", while questioning US Administration's motives in the Middle-East and around the World.
The IAF is known for its support for the Palestinians against the Israelis and defends Hamas, the Palestinian and military branch of the Muslim Brotherhood, banned in Jordan since 1999 for "disrupting" Jordan's peace treaty with Israel, and their resistance against Israeli sieges on Gaza. They support the Palestinian cause and oppose bilateral ties with Israel. In 1997, three years after Jordan's peace accord with Israel, IAF boycotted Parliamentary elections, citing manipulation by the government.
During the August 2007 municipal elections, IAF withdrew their 25 candidates up for election, accusing 'the authorities of manipulating votes cast by military personnel who were taking part in municipal elections for the first time.
The voter turnout for the election was a record-low 51%, but IAF still won four contests, including two mayorships.
Four months later, the IAF fielded 22 candidates for the Jordanian national elections held on November 20, 2007. Of its 22 candidates, only six won parliamentary seats in the elections, marking the lowest showing of the Islamist party since the resumption of parliamentary life in Jordan in 1989.
The IAF attributed its loss to the government overlooking illegal practices such as vote buying, the transfer of large amounts of votes, and inserting large amounts of voting cards in ballot boxes Nevertheless, a few days after the election, the Muslim Brotherhood (the social organization that informs the IAF’s platform and whose political branch the IAF is considered to be) dissolved its Shura Council and started preparing for internal elections to take place within six months.
In 2012, Rohile Gharaibeh, a former senior IAF official, established the Zamzam Initiative, an organization with the stated goal of ending the Brotherhood's "monopoly on Islamic discourse" and promoting a more inclusive, indigenous Islam that does not "alienate the public." However, the Brotherhood's Shura Council responded by prohibiting members from interacting with the new group."
In 2015, the IAF was split between reformists and nonreformists, resulting in the party terminating the membership of seven members: Abdul Majeed Thneibat, Qassem Taamneh, Mamdouh Muheisen, Khalil Askar, Ali Tarawneh, Jaber Abul Hija and Mohammad Qaramseh. As a result, they formed the new Muslim Brotherhood Society, who will join the National Initiative for Building (Zamzam).
The Islamic Action Front is more liberal than Islamist parties in some other countries. For example, they recognize democracy, pluralism, tolerance of other religions, and women's rights as key to Jordan's development process and they do not support extreme revolutionary movements or any kind of Muslim extremism and brutality groups such as ISIS. The IAF's support base is primarily Palestinians residing in Jordan. Most of members of IAF are of Palestinian origin. The IAF act as the conservative element in Jordan's Parliament representing the traditional segment of society.
The IAF is mostly known for leading rebellions and organizing protests and rallies against the Jordanian government, under the leadership of King Abdullah II, who they accuse of supporting Israel and their hypocrisy towards the Palestinian people, and corrupting and damaging the country with abuse of power, regressive taxes, and police brutality.
The IAF's survival in Jordan is primarily due to its flexibility and less radical approach to politics.
- Jordan's Islamic Front rallies Muslims
- Jordan's Islamic Front rallies Muslims
- Jillian Schwedler, Faith in Moderation: Islamist Parties in Jordan and Yemen. Cambridge 2006.
- Jordan: Islamic opposition urges king to cancel municipal elections results
- Jabha.net (Arabic).
- Islamists To Pope: Define Your Position on Islam, Peace
- "Down and Out in Amman: The Rise and Fall of the Jordanian Muslim Brotherhood". www.washingtoninstitute.org. Retrieved 2016-01-22.
- "The Implosion of Jordan's Muslim Brotherhood". www.washingtoninstitute.org. Retrieved 2016-01-22.
- Khetam Malkawi (31 December 2015). "Hundreds, including top leaders, abandon Islamist party". The Jordan Times. Retrieved 31 December 2015.
- "Jordanian Islamists Outraged over Saturday Day Off". Al Bawaba. 1 February 2000. Retrieved 21 October 2013.
- Lamar Smith (1 November 2001). Terrorist Threats to the United States: Congressional Hearing. DIANE Publishing. p. 28. ISBN 978-0-7567-1725-4.
- Jillian Schwedler (19 June 2006). Faith in Moderation: Islamist Parties in Jordan and Yemen. Cambridge University Press. pp. 92–. ISBN 978-0-521-85113-8.