Italian general election, 1880

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Italian general election, 1880
Kingdom of Italy
1876 ←
16–23 May 1880 → 1882

All 508 seats to the Chamber of Deputies of the Kingdom of Italy
  Majority party Minority party Third party
  Agostino Depretis.jpg Marco Minghetti.jpg Giuseppe Zanardelli iii.jpg
Leader Agostino Depretis Marco Minghetti Giuseppe Zanardelli
Party Historical Left Historical Right Dissident left-wing
Seats won 218 171 119
Seat change Decrease206 Increase77 new party
Popular vote 146,096 135,797 70,479
Percentage 40.7% 37.9% 19.7%
Swing Decrease29.5% Increase9.7% new party

Prime Minister before election

Benedetto Cairoli
Historical Left

Subsequent Prime Minister

Benedetto Cairoli
Historical Left

General elections were held in Italy on 16 May 1880, with a second round of voting on 23 May.[1]

The race[edit]

The Historical Left was led by the Prime Minister of Italy, Agostino Depretis, long time Prime Minister of Italy.

The bloc of the Historical Right was led by Marco Minghetti, a conservative politician and former Prime Minister, from Bologna.

A third large parliamentary group was the Dissident left-wing, composed by former members of the Left, which were against the alliance with the Right. Also known as La Pentarchia (The Pentarchy), its main leader was Giuseppe Zanardelli, a jurisconsult from Brescia.

The Historical Left group emerged as the largest in Parliament, although left-wing dissidents won 119 of the 508 seats, becoming the third parliamentary group.[2] Only 621,896 men of a total population of around 29 million were entitled to vote.[3] Benedetto Cairoli was confirmed Prime Minister by the king Umberto I.

Parties and leaders[edit]

Party Ideology Leader
Historical Left Liberalism, Centrism Agostino Depretis
Historical Right Conservatism, Monarchism Marco Minghetti
Dissident left-wing Progressivism, Social liberalism Giuseppe Zanardelli


Summary of May 1880 Chamber of Deputies election results
Italian Parliament 1880.svg
Party Votes % Seats +/−
Historical Left 146,096 40.7 218 −196
Historical Right 135,797 37.9 171 +77
Dissident left-wing 70,479 19.7 119 New
Others 6,147 1.7 0 ±0
Invalid/blank votes 11,245
Total 369,624 100 508 ±0
Registered voters/turnout 621,896 59.4
Source: Nohlen & Stöver
Popular vote
Historical Left
Historical Right
Dissident left-wing


  1. ^ Nohlen, D & Stöver, P (2010) Elections in Europe: A data handbook, p1047 ISBN 978-3-8329-5609-7
  2. ^ Nohlen & Stöver, p1082
  3. ^ Nohlen & Stöver, p1049