Italian general election, 1886

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Italian general election, 1886
Kingdom of Italy
1882 ←
23-30 May 1886 → 1890

All 508 seats to the Chamber of Deputies of the Kingdom of Italy
  Majority party Minority party Third party
  Agostino Depretis.jpg Rudini.jpg Felice Cavallotti.jpg
Leader Agostino Depretis Antonio Starabba di Rudinì Felice Cavallotti
Party Historical Left Historical Right The Extreme
Seats won 292 142 45
Seat change Increase3 Decrease2 Increase1
Percentage 57.5% 27.9% 8.8%
Swing Increase0.7% Decrease1.0% Increase0.2%

Italian Parliament 1886.svg

Composition of the Parliament

Prime Minister before election

Agostino Depretis
Historical Left

Subsequent Prime Minister

Agostino Depretis
Historical Left

General elections were held in Italy on 23 May 1886, with a second round of voting on 30 May.[1] The "ministerial" left-wing bloc emerged as the largest in Parliament, winning 292 of the 508 seats.[2] As in 1882, the election was held using small multi-member constituencies with between two and five seats.[3]

The race[edit]

The Historical Left was led by the Prime Minister of Italy, Agostino Depretis, a prominent member of the Italian politics for decades. Depretis had been head of the government since 1881 and also from 1876 to 1879.

The leader of the Historical Right was Antonio Starabba di Rudinì, a conservative marchese from Sicily.

The far-left group The Extreme was led by Felice Cavallotti, a famous Italian poet.

The Left emerged as the largest in Italian Parliament, winning 292 of the 508 seats, before the Right, which gained 145 seats.[4] As in 1882, the election was held using small multi-member constituencies with between two and five seats.[3]

Parties and leaders[edit]

Party Ideology Leader
Historical Left Liberalism, Centrism Agostino Depretis
Historical Right Conservatism, Monarchism Antonio Starabba di Rudinì
The Extreme Radicalism, Socialism Felice Cavallotti
Dissident left-wing Progressivism, Social liberalism Giuseppe Zanardelli


Affiliation Votes % Seats +/–
Historical Left 292 +3
Historical Right 145 –2
The Extreme 45 +1
Dissident left-wing 26 +7
Invalid/blank votes 16,729
Total 1,415,801 100 508 0
Registered voters/turnout 2,420,327 58.5
Source: Nohlen & Stöver
Parliamentary seats
Historical Left
Historical Right
The Extreme
Dissident left-wing


  1. ^ Nohlen, D & Stöver, P (2010) Elections in Europe: A data handbook, p1047 ISBN 978-3-8329-5609-7
  2. ^ Nohlen & Stöver, p1082
  3. ^ a b Nohlen & Stöver, p1030
  4. ^ Nohlen & Stöver, p1082