J. C. King

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J. C. King
Joseph Caldwell King (1900–1977) at West Point in 1923.png
At West Point in 1923
Joseph Caldwell King

(1900-10-05)October 5, 1900
Brooklyn, New York
DiedJanuary 27, 1977(1977-01-27) (aged 76)
Burial placeWest Point Cemetery
EducationUnited States Military Academy
Occupation(s)Military officer, intelligence agent
  • Cristina Patricia Pernas
  • Frances Anne Smith

Joseph Caldwell King (October 5, 1900 – January 27, 1977) was the Chief of the Western Hemisphere Division of the CIA in the 1950s and 1960s. He was also known by his CIA code name of Oliver G. Galbond and as Colonel J.C. King.

Early life and marriage[edit]

On October 5, 1900, Joseph Caldwell King was born to Warren Charles King and Jessie Calhoun Caldwell in Brooklyn, New York. King would go on to graduate from the U.S. Military Academy at West Point as part of the Class of 1923 and was assigned the Cullum Register Number 6992.

Joseph Caldwell King married twice: first to Cristina Patricia Pernas, then to Frances Anne Smith.


King became a vice-president at Johnson and Johnson in charge of Brazil and Argentina. Then, he joined Nelson Rockefeller's Office of the Coordinator of Inter-American Affairs (OCIAA).

He was stationed in Argentina from 1941 to 1945, where he was engaged in feeding deceptive information to Japanese agents (see Thaddeus Holt, The Deceivers). For his service in 1943 to 1946 as a military attaché in Argentina, Lt. Col. King was awarded the Legion of Merit.[1]

On December 11, 1959, King advocated that "thorough consideration" be given to the "elimination" of Fidel Castro, by which he may have meant assassination.[2]

King officially retired from the CIA in 1967 but soon came back as a CIA consultant. He was CEO of the Amazon Natural Drug Company, known as a front for the CIA.[citation needed]

Later life[edit]

King's health began deteriorating because of age and Parkinson's disease, and he died on January 27, 1977, in Washington, D.C.[3] However, King was buried at the United States Military Academy Post Cemetery in West Point, New York.


  1. ^ "Valor awards for Joseph Caldwell King". valor.militarytimes.com. Retrieved August 20, 2017.
  2. ^ Church Committee (November 20, 1975). "Alleged assassination plots involving foreign leaders" (PDF). p. 92.
  3. ^ Assembly. Vol. 35. United States Military Academy Association of Graduates. 1977. p. 145. Retrieved December 21, 2022 – via Google Books.

Further reading[edit]

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