James M. Harvey (politician)

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James M. Harvey
James M. Harvey.gif
United States Senator
from Kansas
In office
February 12, 1874 – March 3, 1877
Preceded by Robert Crozier
Succeeded by Preston B. Plumb
5th Governor of Kansas
In office
January 11, 1869 – January 13, 1873
Lieutenant Charles Vernon Eskridge
Peter Percival Elder
Preceded by Nehemiah Green
Succeeded by Thomas A. Osborn
Member of the Kansas House of Representatives
In office
Member of the Kansas Senate
In office
Personal details
Born (1833-09-21)September 21, 1833
Monroe County, Virginia
Died April 15, 1894(1894-04-15) (aged 60)
Riley County, Kansas
Political party Republican
Spouse(s) Charlotte Richardson Cutter
Profession civil engineer, soldier, surveyor, farmer
Military service
Service/branch Union Army
Years of service 1861–1864
Rank Captain
Unit 4th Kansas Volunteer Infantry
10th Kansas Volunteer Infantry
Battles/wars American Civil War

James Madison Harvey (September 21, 1833 – April 15, 1894) was a United States Senator from Kansas and fifth Governor of Kansas.

Born near Salt Sulphur Springs, Virginia (now West Virginia), Harvey attended common schools in Indiana, Illinois, and Iowa. He married Charlotte Richardson Cutter and they had nine children.[1]

Harvey became a civil engineer and headed west as a prospector to Pike's Peak in 1859 as a Fifty-Niner. After meeting several discouraged miners along the way, Harvey decided to settle instead in Kansas Territory, so he acquired a plot of land in Riley County near Fort Riley and engaged in agricultural pursuits. From 1861 to 1864, he served with the Union Army during the Civil War, advancing to the rank of captain in the 4th Kansas Infantry, which failed to complete organization and was consolidated with other recruits to form the 10th Kansas Infantry. He attained the rank of Captain, commanding the 14th Regiment, Kansas State Militia.[2]

Harvey was elected to the Kansas House of Representatives, 1865–1866, and then elected to the Kansas Senate in 1867–1868. He was Governor of Kansas for two terms, serving from 1868 to 1872, and then elected as a Republican to the U.S. Senate to fill the vacancy caused by the resignation of Alexander Caldwell, where he served from February 12, 1874, to March 3, 1877.

After his U.S. Senate term, Harvey worked as a government surveyor in New Mexico, Utah, Nevada, and Oklahoma, before returning to Kansas in 1890 to resume agricultural pursuits. Harvey County, Kansas was named for him.[3]

Harvey died near Junction City, Kansas in 1894. Interment was in Highland Cemetery, Junction City.[4]


  1. ^ "James M. Harvey". Find A Grave. Retrieved September 8, 2012. 
  2. ^ "James M. Harvey". National Governors Association. Retrieved September 8, 2012. 
  3. ^ Blackmar, Frank Wilson (1912). Kansas: A Cyclopedia of State History, Embracing Events, Institutions, Industries, Counties, Cities, Towns, Prominent Persons, Etc. Standard Publishing Company. p. 813. 
  4. ^ "James M. Harvey". The Political Graveyard. Retrieved September 8, 2012. 

External links[edit]

Political offices
Preceded by
Nehemiah Green
Governor of Kansas
Succeeded by
Thomas A. Osborn
United States Senate
Preceded by
Robert Crozier
U.S. Senator (Class 2) from Kansas
February 12, 1874 – March 3, 1877
Succeeded by
Preston B. Plumb