|46th Governor of Kansas|
January 10, 2011
|Preceded by||Mark Parkinson|
|United States Senator
November 7, 1996 – January 3, 2011
|Preceded by||Sheila Frahm|
|Succeeded by||Jerry Moran|
|Member of the U.S. House of Representatives
from Kansas's 2nd district
January 3, 1995 – November 7, 1996
|Preceded by||Jim Slattery|
|Succeeded by||Jim Ryun|
|Born||Samuel Dale Brownback
September 12, 1956
Garnett, Kansas, U.S.
|Alma mater||Kansas State University
University of Kansas (law school)
Samuel Dale "Sam" Brownback (born September 12, 1956) is an American politician currently serving as Governor of Kansas. A member of the Republican Party, Brownback was first elected to the U.S. House of Representatives during the Republican Revolution of 1994, representing Kansas's 2nd congressional district for a single term, before running in a 1996 special election for the Senate seat previously held by Bob Dole. He won that election, and two regular elections following, serving until 2011. He ran for president in 2008, but withdrew before the primaries began and endorsed eventual Republican nominee John McCain. He was elected Governor of Kansas in 2010 and took office in January 2011.
Brownback supported the 2007 Iraq War troop surge and has also voiced his support for Israel. He opposes same-sex marriage and has described himself as pro-life. As Governor, Brownback signed into law one of the largest income tax cuts in Kansas' history. Brownback turned down a $31.5 million grant from the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services to set up an insurance exchange as part of the federal health care reform law, signed a bill that blocked tax breaks for abortion providers, banned sex-selection abortions, and declared that life begins at fertilization. The income tax cut generated a substantial budget deficit and led some former and current Republican officials to criticize his leadership in the run-up to the 2014 gubernatorial election by endorsing his opponent, Paul Davis. Brownback was reelected in a close race with Davis.
- 1 Early life
- 2 Personal life
- 3 Early career
- 4 U.S. Senator
- 5 2008 presidential campaign
- 6 2010 gubernatorial campaign
- 7 Governor of Kansas
- 8 Positions
- 9 Electoral history
- 10 See also
- 11 References
- 12 External links
Sam Brownback was born on September 12, 1956, in Garnett, Kansas, the son of Nancy (Cowden) and Glen Robert Brownback. He was raised in a farming family in Parker, Kansas; some of his ancestors, of German descent, settled in Kansas after leaving Pennsylvania following the Civil War. Brownback was state president of the Kansas FFA Association, and was one of the national vice presidents of the National FFA Organization from 1976 to 1977. While at Kansas State University, he was elected student body president and was a member of Alpha Gamma Rho. He received his J.D. from the University of Kansas in 1982.
Brownback is married to Mary Brownback (née Stauffer), whose family owned and operated Stauffer Communications until its sale in 1995. They have five children: Abby, Andy, Elizabeth, Mark, and Jenna; two of their children are adopted.
Brownback was an attorney in Manhattan, Kansas, before becoming the Kansas secretary of agriculture in 1986. In 1990, he was accepted into the White House Fellow program and detailed to the Office of the U.S. Trade Representative from 1990 to 1991. Brownback then returned to Kansas to resume his position as secretary of agriculture and remained in that position until 1993. He was elected to the United States House of Representatives in 1994 and next ran in the 1996 special election to replace Senator Bob Dole, who had resigned his seat during his presidential campaign, beating appointed Republican Sheila Frahm.
Sheila Frahm was appointed to fill the seat of U.S. Senator Bob Dole when Dole resigned in 1996 to campaign for president. Brownback defeated Frahm in the 1996 Republican primary and went on to win the general election against Democrat Jill Docking. In 1998 Brownback was elected to a full six-year term, defeating Democrat Paul Feleciano. He won reelection in the 2004 Senate election with 69% of the vote, defeating his Democratic challenger, Lee Jones, a former Washington, D.C. lobbyist.
Brownback was a member of the Judiciary Committee, the Senate Appropriations Committee (where he chaired the Subcommittee on District of Columbia when the Republicans were in the majority), the Joint Economic Committee, and the Commission on Security and Cooperation in Europe, also known as the Helsinki Commission, which he at one time chaired. The Helsinki Commission monitors compliance with international agreements reached in cooperation with Organization for Security and Co-operation in Europe.
In 2000, Brownback and Congressman Chris Smith led the effort to enact the Trafficking Victims Protection Act. President Clinton signed the legislation in October 2000. According to Christianity Today, the stronger enforcement increased the number of U.S. federal trafficking cases eightfold in the five years after enactment.
As of August 12, 2007, in the 110th Session of Congress, Brownback had missed 123 votes due to campaigning (39.7 percent) – surpassed only by Tim Johnson (D) of South Dakota who due to a critical illness had missed 100% of the votes of the 110th Session, and John McCain (R) of Arizona with 149 votes missed due to campaigning (48.1 percent).
As of April 2012, Brownback had an approval rating of 34 percent according to a Survey USA Poll. A Republican polling company found his approval rating to be 51 percent in May 2012. In November 2015, Brownback had an approval rating of 26 percent according to a Morning Consult poll, making him the least popular governor in the United States.
C Street residence
On April 1, 2010, news sources reported that Citizens for Responsibility and Ethics in Washington (CREW) had urged an ethics investigation into a possible violation of the Senate's gifts rule by Republican senators lodging in a townhome owned by C Street Center, Inc., in turn owned by Christian-advocacy group The Fellowship. According to the report, Brownback, three additional senators, and four U.S. representatives were staying in the townhome. CREW alleged that the property, rented out for $950 a month per person, was being let well under the rate of similar lodging in the neighborhood, which regularly ran from $4,400 to $7,500.
Brownback supporters argued that the rooms rented out at C Street were not the equivalent of individual apartments with private bathrooms, kitchens, and living rooms. The lawmakers share communal space. Senator Tom Coburn's spokesman John Hart told The Hill: "Anyone who has spent 10 minutes on Craigslist would realize that C Street residents pay fair-market value," Hart said. "Residents at the [C Street] boarding house have one bedroom. Most share a bathroom. All pay for their own meals and share personal space with the other residents and guests. They even share the remote … they fight over their favorite channel." In addition, Hart stated that there are several Craigslist ads that demonstrate that $950 is fair market value for a room on Capitol Hill.
- Committee on Appropriations
- Subcommittee on Agriculture, Rural Development, Food and Drug Administration, and Related Agencies (Ranking Member)
- Subcommittee on Defense
- Subcommittee on Homeland Security
- Subcommittee on Military Construction, Veterans Affairs, and Related Agencies
- Subcommittee on the Department of State, Foreign Operations, and Related Programs
- Subcommittee on Transportation, Housing and Urban Development, and Related Agencies
- Committee on Commerce, Science, and Transportation
- Committee on Energy and Natural Resources
- Committee on Foreign Relations
- Special Committee on Aging
- Joint Economic Committee
- Commission on Security and Cooperation in Europe
2008 presidential campaign
On December 4, 2006, Brownback formed an exploratory committee, the first step toward candidacy, and announced his presidential bid the next day. His views placed him in the social conservative wing of the Republican party, and he stressed his fiscal conservatism. "I am an economic, a fiscal, a social and a compassionate conservative", he said in December 2006. On January 20, 2007, in Topeka, he announced that he was running for President in 2008. On February 22, 2007, a poll conducted by Rasmussen Reports held that three percent of likely primary voters would support Brownback.
On August 11, 2007, Brownback finished third in the Ames Straw Poll with 15.3 percent of all votes cast. Fundraising and visits to his website declined dramatically after this event, as many supporters had predicted Brownback would do much better, and speculation began that the candidate was considering withdrawing from the campaign. This sentiment increased after his lackluster performance in the GOP presidential debate of September 5, broadcast from New Hampshire by Fox News Channel. He dropped out of the race on October 18, 2007, citing a lack of funds. He formally announced his decision on October 19. He later endorsed John McCain for president.
2010 gubernatorial campaign
On November 2, 2010, Brownback won over Holland with 63.3% of the vote, replacing Governor Mark Parkinson, who was sworn in after former Governor Kathleen Sebelius resigned from her position and accepted the appointment to US Secretary of Health and Human Services in 2009.
Governor of Kansas
As governor Brownback's demeanor is informal. At the Kansas capitol he may be found in the rotunda drinking coffee or in the hallways conversing with legislators. Two major goals were to eliminate income taxes and to increase spending on education, goals that have potential for conflict.
Brownback has proposed fundamental tax reform to encourage investment and generate wealth while creating new jobs. Consistent with those objectives, he also has proposed structural reforms to the state's largest budget items, school finance, Medicaid, and Kansas Public Employees Retirement System (KPERS), which have unfunded liabilities of $8.3 billion. Brownback sought to follow a "red state model", passing conservative social and economic policies.
Brownback signed three anti-abortion bills in 2011. In April 2011, he signed a bill banning abortion after 21 weeks, and a bill requiring that a doctor get a parent's notarized signature before providing an abortion to a patient younger than 17. In May 2011, Brownback approved a bill prohibiting insurance companies from offering abortion coverage as part of general health plans unless the procedure is necessary to save a woman's life. The law also prohibits any health-insurance exchange in Kansas established under the federal Affordable Care Act from offering coverage for abortions other than to save a woman’s life.
A Kansas budget passed with Brownback's approval in 2011 blocked Planned Parenthood of Kansas and Mid-Missouri from receiving family planning funds from the state. The funding amounted to about $330,000 a year. A judge has blocked the budget provision, ordered Kansas to begin funding the organization again, and agreed with Planned Parenthood that it was being unfairly targeted. In response, the state filed an appeal seeking to overturn the judge's decision. Brownback has defended anti-abortion laws in Kansas, including the Planned Parenthood defunding. "You can’t know for sure what all comes out of that afterwards, but it was the will of the Legislature and the people of the state of Kansas", Brownback said.
In May 2012, Brownback signed the Health Care Rights of Conscience Act, which "will allow pharmacists to refuse to provide drugs they believe might cause an abortion".
In April 2013, Brownback signed a bill that blocked tax breaks for abortion providers, banned sex-selection abortions and declared that life begins at fertilization. The law notes that any rights suggested by the language are limited by U.S. Supreme Court decisions.
On April 7, 2015, Brownback signed The Unborn Child Protection From Dismemberment Abortion Act, which bans the most common technique used for second-trimester abortions. This made Kansas the first state to do so.
Brownback tried to eliminate the Kansas Arts Commission by executive order; however, the Kansas state legislature defied Brownback by restoring $689,000 in appropriations. Brownback responded by vetoing government funding for the Kansas Arts Commission in May 2011, making Kansas the first state to de-fund its arts agency. The commission was created in 1966. The decision has been one of his most controversial during his tenure as governor, generating opposition from Kansas arts leaders and enthusiasts around the state. The National Endowment for the Arts informed Kansas that without a funded state arts agency, it would not receive a planned $700,000 federal grant.
In April 2014, Brownback signed a controversial school finance bill that eliminated mandatory due process hearings, which were previously required to fire experienced teachers. "The bill also allows school districts to hire unlicensed teachers for science and math classes. And it creates a tax break for corporations that donate to private school scholarship funds." The resulting cuts in funding caused districts to shut down the school year early.
In August 2011, Brownback announced he was declining a $31.5 million grant from the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services to set up an insurance exchange as part of the federal health care reform law. In May 2011, Brownback had directed the state's insurance commissioner to slow the implementation timeline for the exchange development. Upon announcing the refusal of the budgeted grant money for the state, his office stated, "There is much uncertainty surrounding the ability of the federal government to meet its already budgeted future spending obligations. Every state should be preparing for fewer federal resources, not more. To deal with that reality Kansas needs to maintain maximum flexibility. That requires freeing Kansas from the strings attached to the Early Innovator Grant." The move was unanimously supported by the delegates of the state party central committee at its August 2011 meeting, but a The New York Times editorial criticized Brownback for turning down the grant which could have helped ease the state's own budget: "Instead of letting Kansas design its own model program for an online computer exchange to help people choose among health insurance providers, Mr. Brownback’s rebuff increases the likelihood that the state must design one at its own expense or see federal officials create an exchange, as required under the new law."
Brownback was the only other governor to attend Governor Rick Perry's prayer event in August 2011. About 22,000 people attended the rally, and Brownback and Perry were the only elected officials to speak. The decision resulted in some controversy and newspaper editorials demonstrating disappointment in his attendance of the rally.
In May 2012, Brownback signed into law one of the largest income tax cuts in Kansas' history. Brownback described the tax cuts as a live experiment, stating that "[on] taxes, you need to get your overall rates down, and you need to get your social manipulation out of it, in my estimation, to create growth. We’ll see how it works. We’ll have a real live experiment."
The law eliminates income taxes for the owners of 191,000 businesses, and cuts individual's income tax rates. The income tax cuts would provide US$231 million in tax relief in its first year, growing to US$934 million after six years. A forecast from the Legislature’s research staff indicated that a budget shortfall will emerge by 2014 and will grow to nearly US$2.5 billion by July 2018. The cuts were based on model legislation published by the American Legislative Exchange Council (ALEC).
In an op-ed dated May 2014 in The Wall Street Journal, titled "A Midwest Renaissance Rooted in the Reagan Formula", Brownback compared his tax cut policies with those of Ronald Reagan, and announced a "prosperous future" for Kansas, Oklahoma and Missouri, by having elected the economic principles that Reagan laid out in 1964.
The act has received criticism for shifting the tax burden from wealthy Kansans to low- and moderate-income workers, with the top income tax rate dropping by 25%. Under Brownback, Kansas also lowered the sales tax and eliminated a tax on small businesses. The tax cuts helped contribute to Moody's downgrading of the state's bond rating in 2014. They also contributed to the S&P Ratings' credit downgrade from AA+ to AA in August 2014 due to a budget that analysts described as structurally unbalanced. As of June 2014, the state has fallen far short of projected tax collections, receiving $369 million instead of the planned-for $651 million.
The tax cuts and the effect on the economy of Kansas, received considerable criticism in the media, including Michael Hiltzik in the Los Angeles Times, the editorial board of the Washington Post, The New Republic, and the New York Times who described Brownback's "conservative experiment" as a laboratory for policies that are "too far to the right", and that as a result, more than 100 current and former Republican elected officials endorsed his opponent in the 2014 gubernatorial race, Paul Davis. Grover Norquist defended the tax cuts as a model for the nation.
2014 gubernatorial election
In October 2013, Kansas state representative Paul Davis, the Democratic minority leader of the Kansas House of Representatives, announced he would challenge Brownback in the 2014 Kansas gubernatorial election.
In July 2014, more than 100 Kansas Republican officials endorsed his Democratic opponent Davis. These Kansas Republicans said their concern was related to deep cuts in education and other government services as well as the tax cuts that have left the state with a major deficit.
Brownback was reelected, defeating Davis by just under a four percent margin.
Brownback opposes abortion in all cases except when the life of the pregnant woman is in danger. He has a 100 percent pro-life voting record according to the National Right to Life Committee. Brownback also supports parental notification for minors who seek an abortion and opposes partial birth abortion. Brownback was personally anti-abortion though politically pro-choice during the early days of his career. Brownback has more recently stated, "I see it as the lead moral issue of our day, just like slavery was the lead moral issue 150 years ago." On May 3, 2007, when asked his opinion of repealing Roe v. Wade, Brownback said, "It would be a glorious day of human liberty and freedom."
Brownback has said he believes private donations should fund arts and culture in the state. In May 2011, Brownback eliminated by executive order and then subsequently vetoed government funding for the Kansas Arts Commission in response to state defiance of his executive order, making Kansas the first state to defund its arts commission. The commission was created in 1966.
Brownback said in an interview, "I am not a supporter of a death penalty, other than in cases where we cannot protect the society and have other lives at stake." In a speech on the Senate Judiciary Committee, he questioned the current use of the death penalty as potentially incongruent with the notion of a "culture of life", and suggested it be employed in a more limited fashion. He voted YES on making federal death penalty appeals harder and voted NO on maintaining the right of habeas corpus in death penalty appeals. These two votes occurred before his conversion to Catholicism in 2002 – since his conversion, he has echoed Pope John Paul II's remarks against the death penalty.
Brownback visited refugee camps in Sudan in 2004 and returned to write a resolution labeling the Darfur conflict as genocide, and has been active on attempting to increase U.S. efforts to resolve the situation short of military intervention. He is an endorser of the Genocide Intervention Network, which called him a "champion of Darfur" in its Darfur scorecard, primarily for his early advocacy of the Darfur Peace and Accountability Act.
He was rated 100 percent by the US Chamber of Commerce, indicating a pro-business voting record.
He has consistently supported a low tax and spend policy for government. As governor he urged a flattening of the income tax to spur economic growth in Kansas. In December 2005, Brownback advocated using Washington, DC, as a laboratory for a flat tax. He voted Yes on a Balanced-budget constitutional amendment. He opposed the Estate Tax.
In 2005, the organization Republicans for Environmental Protection ("REP") gave Brownback a grade of 7 percent for the 107th United States Congress, but in 2006, increased the rating to 26%. Senator Brownback supported an amendment to the Energy Policy Act of 2005, offered by Senator Jeff Bingaman, (D-NM), requiring at least 10 percent of electricity sold by utilities to originate from renewable resources. He has also supported conservation of rare felids & canids. He has voted for increased funding for international conservation of cranes. Brownback has supported oil drilling in the Arctic National Wildlife Refuge and in the Gulf of Mexico, as a way to reduce dependence on foreign oil. He has promoted the use of renewable energy such as nuclear, wind, solar, and hydroelectric sources to achieve energy independence.
Brownback has stated that he is a devout believer in a higher power and rejects macroevolution as an exclusive explanation for the development over time of new species from older ones. Brownback favors giving teachers the freedom to use intelligent design to critique evolutionary theory as part of the Teach the Controversy approach:
There's intelligence involved in the overall of creation. ...I don't think we're really at the point of teaching this in the classroom. I think what we passed in the U.S. Senate in 2002 the Santorum Amendment is really what we should be doing, and that is that you teach the controversy, you teach what is fact is fact, and what is theory is theory, and you move from that proceedings, rather than from teaching some sort of different thought. And this, I really think that's the area we should concentrate on at the present time, is teaching the controversy.— Senator Sam Brownback, Larry King Live, CNN, August 23, 2005
He has supported the Discovery Institute, hub of the intelligent design movement, and has argued extensively on their behalf during Discovery Institute intelligent design campaigns such as the Santorum Amendment, Teach the Controversy, and against the denial of tenure at Iowa State University to Institute Fellow Guillermo Gonzalez. The university insisted that Gonzalez was denied due to sub-par research and academic performance, and not for his teaching intelligent design.
Brownback opposes a single-payer, government-run health-care system. He supports increased health insurance portability, eliminating insurance rejection due to pre-existing medical conditions, a cap on frivolous malpractice lawsuits, the implementation of an electronic medical records system, an emphasis on preventative care, and tax benefits aimed at making health-care insurance more affordable for the uninsured and targeted to promote universal access. He opposes government-funded elective abortions in accordance with the Hyde Amendment. He has been a strong supporter of legislation to establish a national childhood cancer database and an increase in funding for autism research. Brownback supports negotiating bulk discounts on Medicare drug benefits to reduce prices. In 2007, Senators Brownback and Sherrod Brown (D-OH) sponsored an amendment to the Food and Drug Administration Amendments Act of 2007. The amendment created a prize as an incentive for companies to invest in new drugs and vaccines for neglected tropical diseases. It awards a transferable "Priority Review Voucher" to any company that obtains approval for a treatment for a neglected tropical disease. This provision adds to the market-based incentives available for the development of new medicines for developing world diseases such as malaria, tuberculosis and African sleeping sickness. The prize was initially proposed by Duke University faculty Henry Grabowski, Jeffrey Moe, and David Ridley in their 2006 Health Affairs paper: "Developing Drugs for Developing Countries."
Brownback supports a bill that would introduce price transparency to the U.S. health care industry, as well as a bill which would require the disclosure of Medicare payment rate information.
Brownback has a voting record that has tended to support higher legal immigration levels and strong refugee protection. Brownback was cosponsor of a 2005 bill of Ted Kennedy and John McCain's which would have created a legal path to citizenship for millions of illegal immigrants already present. On June 26, 2007, Brownback voted in favor of S. 1639, the Comprehensive Immigration Reform Act. Brownback supports increasing numbers of legal immigrants, building a fence on Mexican border, and the reform bill "if enforced." While he initially supported giving guest workers a path to citizenship, Brownback eventually voted "Nay" on June 28, 2007. Brownback has said that he supports immigration reform because the Bible says to welcome the stranger.
Brownback supported a political surge coupled with the military surge of 2007 in Iraq and opposed the Democratic Party's strategy of timed withdrawal:
It does mean that there must be bipartisan agreement for our military commitment on Iraq. We cannot fight a war with the support of only one political party. And it does mean that the parties in Iraq – Sunni, Shi’a and Kurds – must get to a political agreement, to a political equilibrium. I think most people agree that a cut and run strategy does not serve our interest at all, nor those of the world, nor those of the region, nor those of the Iraqi people. So I invite my colleagues, all around, particularly on the other side of the aisle, to indicate what level of commitment they can support.— Senator Sam Brownback, U.S. Senate floor speech, January 16, 2007
In May 2007 Brownback stated, "We have not lost war; we can win by pulling together" He voted Yes on authorizing use of military force against Iraq, voted No on requiring on-budget funding for Iraq, not emergency funding and voted No on redeploying troops out of Iraq by July 2007. He has also condemned anti-Muslim bigotry in name of anti-terrorism.
On June 7, 2007, Brownback voted against the Habeas Corpus Restoration Act of 2007 when that bill came up for a vote in the Senate Judiciary Committee, on which Brownback sits. (The bill was passed out of the committee by a vote of 11 to 8.) The bill aims to restore habeas corpus rights revoked by the Military Commissions Act of 2006.
Israel and the Palestinian Territories
In October 2007, Brownback announced his support for a plan designed by Benny Elon, chairman of Israel's right-wing NU/NRP party. Elon's positions include dismantling the Palestinian National Authority and Hamas and rejecting a two-state solution. The plan calls for the complete annexation of the West Bank by Israel, and the deportation of its Arab population to a new Palestinian state in present-day Jordan.
In 1996, as a member of the House of Representatives, Brownback voted for the Defense of Marriage Act, which defined marriage for purposes of federal law as the union between a man and a woman. Brownback has stated that he believes homosexuality to be immoral as a violation of both Catholic doctrine and natural law. He has voted against gay rights, receiving zeros in four of the last five scorecards as a U.S. senator from the Human Rights Campaign. He opposes both same-sex marriage and same-sex civil unions. He opposes adding sexual orientation and gender identity to federal laws that address hate crime. He has declined to state a position on homosexual adoption, although a candidate for chair of the Kansas Republican Party claims he was blackballed by political operatives affiliated with Brownback for not opposing homosexual adoption. Brownback supported "don't ask, don't tell," the U.S. government's ban on openly homosexual people in the military. Brownback has associated with organizations such as the Family Research Council and American Family Association. Both organizations are listed as anti-gay hate groups by the Southern Poverty Law Center.
In 2003, Brownback worked with Alliance for Marriage and Traditional Values Coalition to introduce a Senate bill containing the Federal Marriage Amendment, a proposed amendment to the United States Constitution that would federally prohibit same-sex marriage in the United States. The bill was a response to Goodridge v. Department of Public Health, the Massachusetts state court decision finding that same-sex couples had the right to marry in Massachusetts. In reaction to the Goodridge decision, Brownback stated that same-sex marriage threatened the health of American families and culture.
In 2006, Brownback blocked the confirmation of federal judicial nominee Janet T. Neff because she had attended a same-sex commitment ceremony. At first, he agreed to lift the block only if Neff would recuse herself from all cases involving same-sex unions. Brownback later dropped his opposition.
In April 2011, Brownback began work on a Kansas government program to promote marriage, in part through grants to faith-based an secular social service organizations. In June 2011, the administration revised contract expectations for social work organizations to promote married mother-father families. It explained the change as benefiting children.
In January 2012, Brownback did not include Kansas's sodomy law in a list of unenforced and outdated laws that the legislature should repeal. Gay rights advocates had asked his administration to recommend its repeal because the law has been unenforceable since the Supreme Court's Lawrence v. Texas decision in 2003.
In February 2012, the Brownback administration supported a religious freedom bill that would have stopped cities, school districts, universities, and executive agencies from having nondiscrimination laws or policies that covered sexual orientation or gender identity.
In 2013, after oral arguments in United States v. Windsor, the U.S. Supreme Court case striking down part of the Defense of Marriage Act, Brownback publicly reaffirmed his opposition to same-sex marriage.
In 2014, the U.S. Supreme Court denied petitions to review several federal appellate decisions overturning state bans on same-sex marriage. The court’s actions favored repeal of Kansas's ban on same-sex marriage because two of the appeals (Kitchen v. Herbert and Bishop v. Oklahoma) originated in the United States Court of Appeals for the Tenth Circuit, which includes Kansas. In response, Brownback defended Kansas's same-sex marriage ban as being supported by a majority of Kansas voters and criticized "activist judges" for "overruling" the people of Kansas.
On February 10, 2015, Brownback issued an executive order rescinding protections for lesbian, gay, bisexual and transgender state workers that was put into place by then-Gov. Kathleen Sebelius eight years previously. In the edition of Feb 11 of The Daily Show, Jon Stewart suggested that an internet campaign similar to the campaign for "santorum" neologism could introduce a sex-related neologism "brownbacking" in order to embarrass Brownback.
Stem cell research
Brownback supports adult stem cell research and cord blood stem cells. Brownback appeared with three children adopted from in vitro fertilization clinics to coincide with a Senate debate over the Cord Blood Stem Cell Act of 2005 to show his support for the bill and adult stem cell research. The Religious Freedom Coalition refers to children conceived through the adopted in vitro process as "snowflake children." The term, as proponents explain, is an extension of the idea that the embryos are "frozen and unique," and in that way are similar to snowflakes. Brownback supports the use of cord blood stem cell research for research and treatment. He opposes the use of embryonic stem cells in research or treatments for human health conditions.
On June 15, 2006, President George W. Bush signed into law the Broadcast Decency Enforcement Act of 2005 sponsored by Brownback, a former broadcaster himself. The new law stiffens the penalties for each violation of the Act. The Federal Communications Commission will be able to impose fines in the amount of $325,000 for each violation by each station that violates decency standards. The legislation raises the fine by tenfold.
On September 3, 1997, Meredith O'Rourke, an employee of Kansas firm Triad Management Services, was deposed by the Senate Committee on Governmental Affairs regarding her activities and observations while providing services for the company relative to fund raising and advertising for Brownback. The deposition claims that Triad circumvented existing campaign finance laws by channeling donations through Triad, and also bypassed the campaign law with Triad running 'issue ads' during Brownback's first campaign for the Senate.
He has said he does not believe there is an inherent right to privacy in the U.S. Constitution. He has, however, expressed disapproval of George W. Bush's assertions on the legality of the NSA wiretapping program.
Brownback's voting record on civil rights was rated 20 percent by the ACLU. He voted "yes" on ending special funding for minority and women-owned business and "yes" on recommending a Constitutional ban on flag desecration. He opposes quotas in admission to institutions of higher education. He voted "yes" on increasing penalties for drug offenses and voted "yes" on more penalties for gun and drug violations.
Brownback voted against banning chemical weapons. He voted "yes" on reauthorizing the PATRIOT Act and voted "yes" on extending the PATRIOT Act's wiretap provision. In May 2007, Brownback stated that "Iran is the lead sponsor of terrorism around the world." He supports talks and peaceful measures with Iran, but no formal diplomatic relations.
In April 2009, Brownback introduced the Congo Conflict Minerals Act of 2009 to require electronics companies to verify and disclose their sources of conflict minerals, such as cassiterite, wolframite, and tantalum. This legislation died in committee. However, measures to control the sale of conflict minerals were later included in the Dodd–Frank Wall Street Reform and Consumer Protection Act, which Brownback voted against.
U.S. House of Representatives
|1994||John Carlin||71,025||34.4%||Sam Brownback||135,725||65.6%||206,750|
|Kansas's 2nd Congressional District Republican Primary Election Results, 1994|
In 1996, Bob Dole resigned from the U.S. Senate to focus on his campaign for U.S. President. Lieutenant Governor Sheila Frahm was appointed to Dole's Senate seat by Governor Bill Graves. Brownback defeated Frahm in the Republican primary and won the general election against Jill Docking to serve out the remainder of Dole's term.
|1996||Sheila Frahm||142,487||41.6%||Sam Brownback||187,914||54.8%||Christina Campbell-Cline||12,378||3.6%||342,779|
|1996||Jill Docking||461,344||43.3%||Sam Brownback||574,021||53.9%||Donald R. Klaassen||29,351||2.8%||1,064,716|
|1998||Paul Feleciano||229,718||31.6%||Sam Brownback||474,639||65.3%||Tom Oyler||11,545||1.6%||Alvin Bauman||11,334||1.6%||727,236|
|2004||Lee Jones||310,337||27.5%||Sam Brownback||780,863||69.2%||Steven A. Rosile||21,842||1.9%||George Cook||15,980||1.4%||1,129,022|
|Kansas's U.S. Senate Republican Primary Election Results, 2004|
Governor of Kansas
|Governor's Republican primary election in Kansas, 2010|
|Republican||Sam Brownback – Jeff Colyer||530,760||63.28|
|Democratic||Tom Holland – Kelly Kultala||270,166||32.21|
|Libertarian||Andrew Gray – Stacey Davis||22,460||2.68|
|Reform||Ken Cannon – Dan Faubion||15,397||1.84|
|Republican gain from Democratic|
|Governor's Republican primary election in Kansas, 2014|
|Republican||Sam Brownback – Jeff Colyer||433,196||49.82|
|Democratic||Paul Davis – Jill Docking||401,100||46.13|
|Libertarian||Keen A. Umbehr – Josh Umbehr||35,206||4.05|
- "Election 2010: Kansas Governor – Rasmussen Reports". Rasmussenreports.com. Retrieved August 23, 2010.
- "Election 2010". CQ Politics. Retrieved August 23, 2010.
- "The Cook Political Report – Charts – 2010 Governors Race Ratings". Cookpolitical.com. February 4, 2010. Retrieved August 23, 2010.
- Brostoff, Marissa (October 10, 2007). "Far Right Israelis Get Boost From Senator – The Jewish Daily Forward". Forward.com. Retrieved August 23, 2010.
- Sam Brownback on the Issues
- "Kansas small-business owners say elimination of income tax is a big help". The Wichita Eagle. May 24, 2012.
- "Kansas returns $31.5M exchange grant – Jason Millman and Kate Nocera". Politico.Com. Retrieved July 23, 2013.
- "Brownback signs sweeping anti-abortion bill". Associated Press. April 19, 2013. Retrieved April 25, 2013.
- Eligon, John (September 14, 2014). "Conservative Experiment Faces Revolt in Reliably Red Kansas". The New York Times. Retrieved September 15, 2014.
- Brownback Presidential Campaign reprint of Weekly Standard article Eastland, Terry, Mr. Compassionate Conservative, The Weekly Standard, Volume 011, Issue 44, August 7 2006 Archived January 19, 2007, at the Wayback Machine.
- National FFA Organization: Prominent Former Members Archived August 29, 2006, at the Wayback Machine.
- Kansas State University: Sam Brownback Landon Lecture February 22, 2006
- Rhodes, Carla. "Candidate Profile Sam Brownback". CBS News. Retrieved June 5, 2014.
- Kapochunas, Rachel. Brownback, Set to Launch GOP White House Bid, Will Fight from the Right, CQPolitics.com January 18 2007
- The New York Times Archives, "Media Concern Adds 12 Stauffer Papers", Published: June 16, 1995
-  Archived August 26, 2010, at the Wayback Machine.
- Copeland, Libby (June 7, 2006). "Faith-Based Initiative". The Washington Post. Retrieved March 15, 2012.
- Max Blumenthal (June 20, 2005). "Sam Brownback's Blind Ambition Tour". The Nation. Retrieved September 27, 2014.
- "THE 2004 ELECTIONS; The Senate". The New York Times. November 4, 2004. Retrieved September 27, 2014.
- "The World from The Hill: Helsinki panel a model of bipartisanship on foreign policy". The Hill. November 22, 2010. Retrieved September 27, 2014.
- Library of Congress: Thomas. House Resolution 3244. Victims of Trafficking and Violence Protection Act of 2000
- Alford, Deann. "Free at Last", Christianity Today, February 21, 2007
- Washington Post."Missed Votes", August 12, 2007
- "Brownback: Numbers plunge as agenda emerges". The Topeka Capital Journal. Retrieved January 16, 2012.
- "http://cjonline.com/news/state/2012-05-02/gop-pollster-points-brownbacks-popularity". The Topeka Capital Journal. Retrieved January 16, 2012. External link in
- "Poll: Brownback most unpopular governor in the nation". The Wichita Eagle. Retrieved March 23, 2016.
- "Bogus Ethics Complaint Targets Coburn, DeMint, Brownback". The Weekly Standard. April 2, 2010. Retrieved August 23, 2010.
- cjonline.com[dead link]
- "Favorite of religious right moves toward White House bid" by Associated Press. CNN, December 4, 2006.
- forbes[dead link]
- "Brownback to Move on Presidential Bid". ABC News. January 6, 2007. Archived from the original on April 11, 2008. Retrieved August 11, 2007.
- news.yahoo.com[dead link]
- Wangsness, Lisa (August 12, 2007). "Romney trounces GOP field in Iowa straw poll". Boston Globe. Retrieved August 21, 2007.
-  Archived October 22, 2007, at the Wayback Machine.
- Republican Sam Brownback ends White House run Dallas Morning News October 19, 2007. Retrieved October 20, 2007.
- "Sam Brownback Endorses John McCain". Fox News Channel. November 7, 2007.
- "Brownback considering gubernatorial run in 2010". Lawrence Journal World and News. Retrieved December 7, 2008.
- "Prime Buzz". Primebuzz.kcstar.com. Retrieved August 23, 2010.
- Election 2010: Kansas Senate, Rasmussen Reports, March 3, 2010.
- "Brownback ticket gains surgeon as lieutenant", Wichita Eagle, June 2, 2010.
- "Kansas". The New York Times. 2010. Retrieved October 19, 2014.
- Goldstein, David; Klepper, David (April 28, 2009). "Sebelius sworn in to Cabinet, Parkinson becomes Kansas governor". The Kansas City Star. Archived from the original on April 30, 2009. Retrieved October 19, 2014.
- Chris Suellentrop (August 6, 2015). "The Kansas Experiment". The New York Times Magazine. Retrieved August 6, 2015.
He is modest in demeanor, flat almost to the point of dullness.
- Parlapiano, Alicia (July 15, 2016). "Pence Ranks Low in Approval, but Not as Low as Trump and Clinton". The New York Times. Retrieved August 21, 2016. line feed character in
|title=at position 33 (help)
- Wistrom, Brent (November 9, 2011). "Brownback plan could change how schools are funded | Wichita Eagle". Kansas.com. Retrieved July 23, 2013.
- "Kansas Announces Sweeping Medicaid Restructuring". Kaiser Health News. November 8, 2011. Retrieved July 23, 2013.
- "$8.3 billion question | Wichita Eagle". Kansas.com. November 4, 2011. Retrieved July 23, 2013.
- Eligon, John (February 13, 2014). "Brownback Leads Kansas in Sharp Right Turn". The New York Times. Retrieved February 15, 2014.
- Kansas Governor Sam Brownback signs bills restricting abortion
- Brownback criticized for signing abortion bill
- Planned Parenthood may push to get funds from Kansas
- Judge blocks de-funding of Planned Parenthood in Kansas
- Kansas appeals order to block law defunding Planned Parenthood
- Judge refuses to stay, pending appeal
- "Kansas Gov. Brownback signs act allowing pharmacists to refuse to dispense abortion drugs". Retrieved May 27, 2012.
- Kansas First State to Lose Its State Arts Commission – Governor Vetoes Funding 
- Kansas governor eliminates state's art funding
- Arts Outposts Stung by Cuts in State Aid
- Lowry, Bryan. "Brownback signs school finance bill". Kansas City Star. Retrieved April 22, 2014.
- Lee, Trymaine (April 4, 2015). "Kansas school districts to close early after tax cut 'experiment'". MSNBC. Retrieved April 5, 2015.
- "Brownback: Send back $31.5M federal grant". The Capital-Journal. August 9, 2011. Retrieved October 24, 2014.
- "Gov. Brownback's Selective Budget Worries". The New York Times. August 14, 2011.
- Rothschild, Scott (December 17, 2013). "Brownback says perception of ALEC influence is 'overblown'". Lawrence Journal-World.
- Pilkington, Ed (November 20, 2013). "Obamacare faces new threat at state level from corporate interest group Alec". The Guardian.
- Brownback attends Rick Perry prayer event in Texas
- Sam Brownback joins Rick Perry on stage
- Prayer event draws crowd, controversy & Governor Brownback
- "Stay home, Sam". Retrieved August 11, 2011.
- "Commentary: Sam Brownback's prayer day vacation". August 7, 2011. Retrieved August 12, 2011.
- "Brownback gets heat for 'real live experiment' comment on tax cuts". Lawrence Journal World. Retrieved October 28, 2014.
- "Brownback Signs Tax Cuts Law In Statehouse Ceremony". KAKE News. Retrieved October 29, 2014.
- Brownback, Sam. "A Midwest Renaissance Rooted in the Reagan Formula". Retrieved October 28, 2014.
- "Kansas tax act most regressive in nation". The Lawrence Journal-World. May 24, 2012.
- Peters, Mark (June 10, 2014). "Sam Brownback's Tax-Cut Push Puts Kansas Out on Its Own". The Wall Street Journal. Retrieved June 13, 2014.
- Kraske, Steve (May 2, 2014). "Gov. Sam Brownback suffers a political brownout". The Kansas City Star. Retrieved June 13, 2014.
- Reuters Staff. "S&P downgrades Kansas in another blow to Brownback tax cuts". Reuters. Retrieved August 7, 2014.
- Josh Barro (June 27, 2014). "Yes, if You Cut Taxes, You Get Less Tax Revenue". The New York Times. Retrieved September 2, 2014.
- Eligonsept, John (September 14, 2014). "Conservative Experiment Faces Revolt in Reliably Red Kansas". The New York Times. Retrieved October 28, 2014.
- Hiltzik, Michael (July 9, 2014). "How Tea Party tax cuts are turning Kansas into a smoking ruin". Los Angeles Times. Retrieved October 27, 2014.
- "Norquist defends tax cuts despite Brownback woes in Kansas". The Hill. Retrieved October 29, 2014.
- Davis enters bid for KS Governor
- Pianin, Eric (July 16, 2014). "Brownback Feeling Big Political Backlash to Tax Cuts in Kansas". The Fiscal Times. Retrieved July 17, 2014.
In a startling rebuke to the governor, more than 100 Kansas Republican officials endorsed Davis on Tuesday, a rarity in statewide races and a wakeup call for Brownback, an arch conservative on economic and social issues and a former U.S. senator. The defectors said they are as concerned about cuts in education and other government services as well as the tax cuts that have left the state with a major hole in its budget.
- "Election 2014 – Kansas Governor – Brownback vs. Davis". RealClearPolitics. Retrieved April 9, 2015.
- "Sam Brownback on the Issues". Ontheissues.org. Retrieved August 23, 2010.
- "Politics Attracted Brownback Early," Kansas City Star, October 27, 1996.
- Pulliam, Sarah. "Q&A: Sam Brownback", Christianity Today, October 18, 2007.
- "California Republican debate transcript", MSNBC, May 3, 2007.
- California Republican debate transcript, May 3, 2007
- Hudnall, David. "Sam Brownback's crusade against the Kansas Arts Commission | Interview". The Pitch. Retrieved July 23, 2013.
- Interview with Senator Sam Brownback, David Shankbone, Wikinews, October 11, 2007.
- Sentencing Law and Policy (Blog by Douglas A. Berman): Senator Brownback questions death penalty and culture of life, February 3, 2006
- "Sam Brownback On the Issues". ontheissues.org. Retrieved September 1, 2007.
- The Washington Post: Policy Adrift on Darfur, page A25, December 27, 2005.
- DarfurScores.org: Champions of Darfur, operated by the Genocide Intervention Network, site. Retrieved August 21, 2006
- The New York Sun: D.C. May Be Flat Tax Laboratory, November 30, 2005
- DCist: A Flat Tax for the District?, December 2, 2005[dead link]
- Republicans for Environmental Protection 2005 Scorecard
- Peter Wagenet and Kevin Wang – Zeit Studios (May 31, 2007). "Sam Brownback on Evolution". Uncommon Descent. Retrieved August 23, 2010.
- Intelligent Design in American Classrooms? CNN Larry King Live, August 23, 2005.
- Facts regarding status of tenure case at Iowa State, Iowa State University
- Evolution Opponents on the Offensive in Senate, House Government Affairs Program, American Geological Institute.
- Breaking News: U.S. Senator Expresses Alarm Over Denial of Tenure to Gonzalez at Iowa State Discovery Institute, EvolutionNews.org, May 22, 2007.
- Developing Drugs For Developing Countries – Ridley et al. 25 (2): 313 – Health Affairs
- PR Newswire: Senators and Hospital Groups Support New GPO Transparency Initiative, July 12, 2005
- U.S. Senator Sam Brownback press release: Brownback Introduces Medicare Payment Rate Disclosure Act, April 7, 2006
- "Brownback Addresses Christian Radio Members, Touts FDA Move". The Christian Post. Associated Press. December 16, 2006. Retrieved May 12, 2007.
- Immigration Voting Report Card for Sen. Sam Brownback
- "Democrats are flocking to McCain's immigration bill". Retrieved June 21, 2007.
- Search Results – THOMAS (Library of Congress)
- U.S. Senate: Legislation & Records Home > Votes > Roll Call Vote
- U.S. Senate: Legislation & Records Home > Votes > Roll Call Vote
- Luo, Michael (October 28, 2007). "On the Road: A Week With 'Values' Voters". The New York Times. Retrieved May 23, 2010.
- Senator Sam Brownback office, Brownback on Iraq and Troop Surge, Calls for bipartisanship, diplomatic efforts, January 17, 2007, Washington, D.C.
- Countdown with Keith Olbermann, June 7, 2007.
- Senate Begins Real Push on Habeas Corpus
- Kellman, Laurie (July 18, 2006). "Bush Veto Expected for Stem Cell Bill". Associated Press. Retrieved August 23, 2006.[dead link]
- Hananel, Sam (March 5, 2007). "Brownback Supports Pace's Remark on Gays". The Washington Post. Associated Press. Retrieved March 1, 2011.
- Sharlet, Jeff (January 25, 2006). "God's Senator". Rolling Stone. New York. Archived from the original on February 7, 2006. Retrieved March 1, 2011.
- "Congressional Scorecard for the 107th Congress" (PDF). Human Rights Campaign, Inc. 2002. p. 8. Retrieved March 1, 2011.
- "Congressional Scorecard for the 108th Congress" (PDF). Human Rights Campaign, Inc. 2004. p. 16. Retrieved March 1, 2011.
- "Congressional Scorecard for the 109th Congress" (PDF). Human Rights Campaign, Inc. 2006. p. 15. Retrieved March 1, 2011.
- "Congressional Scorecard for the 110th Congress" (PDF). Human Rights Campaign, Inc. 2008. p. 20. Retrieved March 1, 2011.
- "Congressional Scorecard for the 111th Congress" (PDF). Human Rights Campaign, Inc. February 23, 2011. p. 20. Retrieved March 1, 2011.
- Rothschild, Scott (October 26, 2009). "Brownback, Roberts, Moran, Tiahrt cite hate crimes provision in voting against military funding bill". The Lawrence Journal-World. Retrieved March 1, 2011.
- Stephanopoulos, George (January 22, 2007). "Brownback Joins Crowded Presidential Race". This Week. ABC. Retrieved March 4, 2011.
- Aravosis, John (January 21, 2007). "Conservative GOP prez candidate, Sam Brownback, refuses to take position on gay adoption". AMERICAblog. Retrieved March 4, 2011.
- Sutherland, Dwight (August 16, 2013). "Sutherland: Up On 'Brownback Mountain' or 'I Just Wish I Knew How to Quit You". KC Confidential. Retrieved August 20, 2013.
- Holman, Rhonda (December 5, 2010). "Kansans in Congress clinging to 'don't ask, don't tell'". WE Blog. The Wichita Eagle. Retrieved March 1, 2011.
- "FRC, Members of Congress, Governors, and Conservative Leaders Release Open Letter Calling for Civil Debate, End to Character Assassination". Family Research Council. December 15, 2010. Retrieved June 9, 2011.
- "Dozens of GOP Leaders Declare Solidarity With Those Who Want To See Homosexuality Outlawed". Right Wing Watch. People for the American Way. December 15, 2010. Retrieved June 9, 2011.
- "Brownback responds to Perry's call to pray". Topeka Capital-Journal. Associated Press. June 7, 2011. Retrieved June 9, 2011.
- Fernandez, Manny; Eckholm, Erik (June 11, 2011). "Texas Governor Draws Criticism on Prayer Event". The New York Times. p. A31. Retrieved June 12, 2011.
- Seelye, Katharine Q. (November 20, 2003). "Conservatives Mobilize Against Ruling on Gay Marriage". The New York Times. Retrieved July 15, 2013.
- Grieve, Tim (November 19, 2003). "Lining up to fight 'the forces of evil'". Salon. Retrieved July 15, 2013.
- McCaslin, John (November 26, 2003). "Inside the Beltway: Redefining Bliss". The Washington Times. Retrieved July 15, 2013.
- Brownback, Sam (September 17, 2003). "Brownback Statement on Federal Marriage Amendment" (Press release). Archived from the original on October 19, 2003. Retrieved July 15, 2013.
- Hanna, John (November 19, 2003). "Kline, Brownback vow to fight same-sex marriage". The Lawrence Journal-World. Associated Press. Retrieved July 15, 2013.
- Lewis, Neil A. (December 19, 2006). "Senator Removes His Block on Federal Court Nominee". The New York Times. Retrieved October 1, 2011.
- Lattman, Peter (December 19, 2006). "Amid Criticism, Brownback Lifts Block on Judicial Nominee". The Wall Street Journal. The Wall Street Journal Law Blog. Retrieved October 1, 2011.
- Dvorak, Todd (December 19, 2006). "Brownback Wants to Re-Question Nominee". The Washington Post. Associated Press. Retrieved October 1, 2011.
- Carpenter, Tim (July 2, 2011). "Brownback program promotes marriage". The Topeka Capital-Journal. Retrieved July 3, 2011.
- Rothschild, Scott (April 7, 2011). "Gov. Brownback, SRS secretary discussing marriage initiatives". The Lawrence Journal-World. Retrieved July 3, 2011.
- "SRS history replete with major changes". The Salina Journal. June 21, 2011. Retrieved October 24, 2011.
- Fiedler, Gordon D. (June 22, 2011). "Kansas SRS secretary visits Salina". The Salina Journal. Retrieved October 24, 2011.
- Carpenter, Tim (January 20, 2012). "State 'repealer' lists 51 objections". The Topeka Capital-Journal. Retrieved February 19, 2012.
- Rothschild, Scott (January 20, 2012). "51 measures proposed for repeal, but not law criminalizing gay sex". The Lawrence Journal-World. Retrieved February 19, 2012.
- "Kansas governor plans to seek repeal of some regulations, laws". The Wichita Eagle. Associated Press. January 20, 2012. Retrieved February 19, 2012.
- Sulzberger, A.G. (February 14, 2012). "Kansas Law on Sodomy Stays on Books Despite a Cull". The New York Times. Retrieved January 20, 2012.
- Rothschild, Scott (November 27, 2011). "Kansas Equality Coalition seeks repeal of homosexual sex law". The Lawrence Journal-World. Retrieved February 19, 2012.
- Carpenter, Tim (February 14, 2012). "Religious freedom bill evokes contrary views". The Topeka Capital-Journal. Retrieved February 19, 2012.
- Rothschild, Scott (February 14, 2012). "Brownback administration supports bill that critics say could invalidate Lawrence anti-discrimination ordinance". The Lawrence Journal-World. Retrieved February 19, 2012.
- Brownlee, Phillip (February 13, 2012). "Religious-liberty bill really about discrimination". WE Blog. The Wichita Eagle. Retrieved February 19, 2012.
- Hanna, John (March 29, 2013). "Brownback reaffirms opposition to gay marriage". The Topeka Capital-Journal. Associated Press. Retrieved July 15, 2013.
- Liptak, Adam (October 6, 2014). "Supreme Court Hands Gay Marriage a Tacit Victory". The New York Times. Retrieved October 6, 2014.
- Barnes, Robert (October 6, 2014). "Supreme Court declines to review same-sex marriage cases". The Washington Post. Retrieved October 6, 2014.
- Van Dyke, Aly (October 6, 2014). "Gay couple denied marriage license in Shawnee County, could become plaintiffs". The Topeka Capital-Journal. Retrieved October 6, 2014.
- Hancock, Peter (October 6, 2014). "Rulings give Kansas couples hope for same-sex marriages". The Lawrence Journal-World. Retrieved October 6, 2014.
- Hanna, John (October 7, 2014). "Brownback: Kansas should defend gay marriage ban". The Lawrence Journal-World. Associated Press. Retrieved October 7, 2014.
- Lowry, Bryan (February 10, 2015). "Brownback rescinds protected-class status for LGBT state workers in Kansas". The Kansas City Star. Retrieved February 10, 2015.
- "Bill Text – 109th Congress (2005–2006) – THOMAS (Library of Congress)". Thomas.loc.gov. March 17, 2005. Retrieved August 23, 2010.
- "LEGISLATIVE UPDATE – WEEK ENDING May 27, 2005; STEM CELLS AND SNOWFLAKE BABIES". Religious Freedom Coalition. May 27, 2005. Retrieved August 29, 2006.
- Combs, Roberta. Christian Coalition of America, Washington Weekly Review, June 17, 2006 Archived December 7, 2006, at the Wayback Machine.
- "Bill Number S. 193". Broadcast Decency Enforcement Act of 2005 (Introduced in Senate) from Congressional THOMAS DB. Retrieved April 11, 2005.
- O'Rourke Deposition: September 3, 1997
- "Funds Consultant Helped Senator Behind Scenes". The Washington Post. January 31, 1999. Retrieved May 23, 2010.
- The Washington Post: David S. Broder: Bucking Bush on Spying, February 9, 2006
- Vatican Radio: Mail Order Nightmares 
- THOMAS, Library of Congress entry on Senate Joint Resolution 4
- Brownback Applauds Committee Passage of Native American Apology Resolution. Press release, May 11, 2007 Archived May 30, 2007, at the Wayback Machine.
- BROWNBACK, DORGAN APPLAUD SENATE PASSAGE OF NATIVE AMERICAN APOLOGY RESOLUTION Press release, October 7, 2009
- "Election Statistics". Office of the Clerk of the House of Representatives. Retrieved January 10, 2008.
- "Kansas 2010 General Election November 2, 2010 Unofficial Results". Kansas Secretary of State. November 2, 2010. Retrieved November 11, 2010.
- "Kansas Secretary of State 2014 General Election Official Vote Totals" (PDF). Retrieved December 14, 2014.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Sam Brownback.|
- Governor Sam Brownback official government website
- Sam Brownback for Governor
- Genealogy of Sam Brownback
- Appearances on C-SPAN
- Biography at the Biographical Directory of the United States Congress
- Financial information (federal office) at the Federal Election Commission
- Sam Brownback's presidential campaign finance reports and data at the FEC
- Sam Brownbeck's presidential campaign contributions