Jatropha gossypiifolia

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Jatropha gossypiifolia
Bellyache Bush (Jatropha gossipifolia) in Hyderabad, AP W IMG 9473.jpg
Scientific classification e
Kingdom: Plantae
Clade: Angiosperms
Clade: Eudicots
Clade: Rosids
Order: Malpighiales
Family: Euphorbiaceae
Genus: Jatropha
Species: J. gossypifolia
Binomial name
Jatropha gossypifolia

Jatropha gossypiifolia, commonly known as bellyache bush, black physicnut or cotton-leaf physicnut, is a species of flowering plant in the spurge family, Euphorbiaceae.[1] The species is native to Mexico, South America, Gujarat State (India) and the Caribbean islands. It is a declared noxious weed in Puerto Rico and is naturalised in northern Australia, including Queensland where it is listed as a Class 2 declared pest plant.[1][2] It grows to 2.5–4 m (8.2–13.1 ft) high. The three lobed leaves are purple and sticky when young and become bright green with age. The small red flowers with yellow centres appear in clusters. These are followed by cherry-sized seed pods that are poisonous.[2] Powdery mildew fungal disease was reported.[3]

Common names[edit]

bellyache-bush (Source: Bot J Linn Soc) - English

black physicnut (Source: pers. comm.) - English

cotton-leaf physicnut (Source: Econ Pl Aust) - English

erva-purgante (Source: pers. comm.) - Portuguese (Brazil)

mamoninha (Source: pers. comm.) - Portuguese (Brazil)

peão-roxo (Source: pers. comm.) - Portuguese (Brazil)

pião-roxo (Source: pers. comm.) - Portuguese (Brazil)

pinhão-roxo (Source: pers. comm.) - Portuguese (Brazil)

raiz-de-tiu (Source: pers. comm.) - Portuguese (Brazil)

piñón negro (Source: pers. comm.) - Spanish Sibidigua (Source: pers. comm.) - Spanish Tua Tua (Source: pers. comm.) - Spanish

lepro (Source: Bot H. P. Ahir ) - Gujarati (India)

jarak merah (Source: Wikipedia) - Indonesian

Economic Importance[edit]

Medicines: folklore (fide Pl Res SEAs 12(1):325. 1999; Bot J Linn Soc 94:213. 1987, contains irritants; CRC MedHerbs ed2)

Vertebrate poisons: mammals (fide Everist; Kingsbury; Moldenke; Lampe & McCann)

Weed: potential seed contaminant (fide Econ Pl Aust)


  1. ^ a b "Taxon: Jatropha gossypiifolia L.". Germplasm Resources Information Network. United States Department of Agriculture. Retrieved 7 June 2012. 
  2. ^ a b "Bellyache bush". Agriculture, Fisheries and Forestry (Queensland Government. Archived from the original on 12 November 2012. Retrieved 7 June 2012. 
  3. ^ Reddy, J. Raghava; Reddy, A. Purnachandra (1980). "Erysiphe euphorbiae sp. nov. On Jatropha gossypifolia L". Current Microbiology. 4 (2): 95. doi:10.1007/BF02602900. 

External links[edit]