Jauharabad

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Jauharabad

جَوہرآباد
City
Jauharabad is located in Punjab, Pakistan
Jauharabad
Jauharabad
Jauharabad is located in Pakistan
Jauharabad
Jauharabad
Coordinates: 32°17′31″N 72°16′25″E / 32.29194°N 72.27361°E / 32.29194; 72.27361Coordinates: 32°17′31″N 72°16′25″E / 32.29194°N 72.27361°E / 32.29194; 72.27361
Country Pakistan
ProvincePunjab
DistrictKhushab
Population
(2000)[1]
 • Total46,000
Time zoneUTC+5 (PST)
Calling code0454
Number of Union Councils6 [2]
Punjab Government Website

Jauharabad (Urdu: جَوہرآباد‎) is the district headquarters of Khushab District, in the Punjab province of Pakistan. Jauharabad was established in 1953 as a planned city. Jauharabad is named after Maulana Muhammad Ali Jauhar, a prominent figure from the Pakistan independence movement. It is included in the Khushab district of Punjab, located in the Northern part of the country. Key locations near Jauharabad include the Salt range to the north and Khushab, the Jhelum River, and the Mianwali District to the west.

Etymology[edit]

The Urdu word Jauharabad also means "atomic city" in English. Although it would seem to be related to the nearby Khushab Nuclear Complex, which lies 30 km south of Jauharabad, it is purely coincidental as the town was planned and constructed 33 years prior.

History[edit]

Jauharabad was developed in 1953 under a master plan. Because of its planned design including open spaces and wide avenues, the district headquarters of Khushab District was shifted from Khushab city to Jauharabad. It was planned to be the capital city of Pakistan before Islamabad. Jauharabad is one of the few planned urban settlements in Pakistan (others being Faisalabad, Islamabad and Gwadar), developed from scratch under an urban master plan. Construction of the 26th Safari Park of Pakistan is about to end.

The famous Islamic thinker, scholar and Jewish convert to Islam, Muhammad Asad (formerly Leopold Weiss) — author of The Road to Mecca, The Message of the Qur'an and Principles of State and Government in Islam, stayed at Jauharabad in the 1950s. He resided at the bungalow of the town's prominent resident, Chaudhry Niaz Ali Khan; who on the advice of Allama Muhammad Iqbal, had established the Dar ul Islam Trust Institutes first in Pathankot, India, after Pakistan's independence, in Jauharabad.[3]

Geography[edit]

Jauharabad lies at the confluence of the Thal Desert and the Potohar in flat agricultural territory immediately south of the Salt Range, which marks the end of the Pothohar Plateau and the start of the Punjab plains. The Jhelum River passes 7 km southeast of Jauharabad and on the west of Jauharabad lies the Thal Desert. On the east of Jauharabad is the Khushab Reserve Forest, spread over approximately 4 km2.

Education[edit]

There are many private and public sector schools in Jauharabad, including Jauhar Memorial Govt. High School, District Public School and Inter College (DPS&IC), Falcon House Junior Cambridge School, Fauji Foundation School and College,The Educators School, Government Technical High school, Superior College Jauharabad, Dar-e-Arqam School, Rashid Minhas Public High School, Punjab College, Unique Model School Naseem Colony and University of Education Lahore. There is a degree college for boys and girls.

Notable People[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ www.tageo.com/index-e-pk-cities-PK-step-2.htm
  2. ^ www.nrb.gov.pk - /zila_membership/ Archived 2012-04-15 at the Wayback Machine.. Retrieved 5 April 2006.
  3. ^ Azam, K.M., Hayat-e-Sadeed: Bani-e-Dar ul Islam Chaudhry Niaz Ali Khan (A Righteous Life: Founder of Dar ul Islam Chaudhry Niaz Ali Khan), Lahore: Nashriyat, 2010 (583 pp., Urdu) ISBN 978-969-8983-58-1