Headshot of Spangler, 1943
|Born||Jean Elizabeth Spangler
September 2, 1923
Seattle, Washington, U.S.
|Disappeared||October 7, 1949 (aged 26)
Los Angeles, California, U.S.
|Status||Missing for 68 years, 5 months and 15 days|
|Spouse(s)||Dexter Benner (m. 1942–1946)|
Jean Elizabeth Spangler (September 2, 1923 – disappeared October 7, 1949) was an American dancer, model, and actress who appeared in bit parts in several Hollywood films in the late 1940s. Born in Seattle, she attended high school in Los Angeles before beginning a career in film in 1948, appearing in several uncredited roles.
On the evening of October 7, 1949, Spangler left her home in Los Angeles, telling her sister-in-law that she was going to meet with her ex-husband before going to work as an extra on a film set. She was last seen at a grocery store several blocks from her home at approximately 6:00 p.m. This was the last time she was seen alive. Two days later, Spangler's tattered purse was discovered in a remote area of Griffith Park, approximately 5.5 miles (8.9 km) from her home; inside was a letter addressed to a "Kirk," which mentioned seeing a doctor. Given Spangler's recent work on the film Young Man with a Horn starring Kirk Douglas, police initially speculated the letter had been addressed to Douglas; however, this was subsequently ruled out.
Spangler's disappearance generated various theories, which ranged from her alleged death in a botched abortion to her fleeing with Los Angeles gangsters with whom she was acquainted. To date, no additional evidence has been uncovered in Spangler's case, and her whereabouts remain unknown.
Spangler was born in Seattle, Washington. She attended Franklin High School in Los Angeles, and graduated in 1941. As a teen, Spangler had danced with the Earl Carroll Theatre and Florentine Gardens. In 1942, she married manufacturer Dexter Benner. They had a daughter, Christine (born April 22, 1944), and divorced in 1946. Spangler and Benner engaged in a long custody battle over their daughter, until Spangler was eventually awarded custody in 1948.
At the time of her disappearance, she lived with her mother Florence, five-year-old daughter Christine, brother Edward, and sister-in-law Sophie, on Colgate Avenue in the Park La Brea residential complex near Wilshire Boulevard, in Los Angeles, California.
On Friday, October 7, 1949, Spangler left her home in Los Angeles around 5:00 p.m. She left her daughter with her sister-in-law, Sophie, and said that she was meeting her former husband to discuss a late child support payment; after that, she was going to work on a night shoot for a film. Two hours after leaving, Spangler called home and spoke with Sophie as well as her daughter; she told Sophie she would "have to work the full eight hours" and would probably not return home that evening. At the time, Spangler's mother Florence was out of town visiting family in Louisville, Kentucky. The following morning, October 8, Sophie went to the police and filed a missing person report after Spangler failed to return home.
Though Spangler had told her sister-in-law that she was going to work on a film set after she met with Benner, police checked with studios and the Screen Extras Guild and found no records indicating Spangler had worked that night. A saleswoman at Farmers Market, a grocery store only a few blocks from Spangler's home, recalled seeing her browsing in the store around 6 p.m. that evening, and noted that she "appeared to be waiting for someone." This was the last known sighting of Spangler.
Police questioned Spangler's ex-husband, Dexter Benner, about her statement to her sister-in-law that she was going to meet him about his child support payments. He claimed that he had not seen his former wife for several weeks. His new wife, Lynn Lasky Benner, to whom he had been married only one month, corroborated his story.
Handbag and note discovery
On October 9, 1949, Spangler's purse was found near the Fern Dell entrance of Griffith Park in Los Angeles, approximately 5.5 miles (8.9 km) from her home. Both of the straps on one side of the purse were torn loose as if it had been ripped from her arm. Sixty police officers and over one hundred volunteers searched the 4,107-acre (16.62 km2) natural terrain park, but no other clues were found. There was no money in the purse (her sister-in-law said that she had no money when she left her house the evening of her disappearance) so the police ruled out robbery as a motive. There was an unfinished note in the purse addressed to a "Kirk," which read: "Kirk: Can't wait any longer, Going to see Dr. Scott. It will work best this way while mother is away."
Neither "Kirk" nor "Dr. Scott" could be located, and neither Spangler's family nor her friends knew anyone by those names. When Spangler's mother, Florence, returned to Los Angeles, she told police that someone named "Kirk" had picked up Jean at her house twice but stayed in his car and did not come in. Police questioned every doctor with the last name Scott in Los Angeles, but none of them had a patient with the last name Spangler or Benner, her married name. Spangler had once been involved with an abusive man she called "Scotty," but her lawyer said she had not seen him since 1945.
Griffith Park was searched over the following week by over 200 volunteers and law enforcement. During the search, a dog belonging to a volunteer dug up denim Los Angeles County jail suit in a shallow hole, but no other belongings of Spangler were found.
Theories and alleged sightings
At the time she disappeared, Spangler had recently completed filming a bit part in the film Young Man with a Horn starring Kirk Douglas; this led to public speculation that he was the Kirk mentioned in the note found in her purse. Upon reading about the discovery of the note, Douglas himself called the police and denied that he knew Spangler. Later, when interviewed via telephone by the head of the investigating team, Douglas admitted that he had "talked and kidded with her a bit" on set, but that he had never spent time with her outside of the film production. On October 12, Dogulas gave a formal press statement in which he said: "I told Detective Chief Thad Brown that I didn't remember the girl or the name until a friend recalled it was she who worked as an extra in a scene with me in my picture Young Man with a Horn... then I recalled that she was a tall girl in a green dress. I talked and kidded with her a bit on the set...But I never saw her before or after that and have never been out with her."
Spangler's girlfriends told police that she was three months pregnant when she disappeared and that she had talked about having an abortion, which at the time was illegal. Witnesses, who frequented the same nightclubs and bars that Spangler did, told police they had heard of a former medical student known as "Doc," who performed abortions for money, but police could not locate him, nor prove that he existed. The theory that Spangler disappeared under circumstances related to a botched abortion attempt was investigated by the LAPD. Spangler had also told her friend, actor Robert Cummings, that she was having a casual affair at the time, but did not mention the identity of the man. When Cummings asked her if it was serious, she responded: "No. But I'm having the time of my life."
Another theory investigated by police was that Spangler's disappearance was related to Los Angeles gangsters with whom she purportedly was associated. According to historian Jon Lewis in his book Hard-Boiled Hollywood: Crime and Punishment in Postwar Los Angeles, Spangler had worked for a time as a dancer at Florentine Gardens, a nightclub owned by Mark Hansen and Nils Thor Granlund. Lewis claims that her acquaintance with Hansen and Granlund "put her in the orbits" of various mob affiliates, including Anthony Cornero, Abraham "Allen Smiley" Smickoff, Davy Ogul, and Mickey Cohen.
Spangler had allegedly been seen with Ogul, an associate of Cohen's, in Palm Springs, California, as well as in Las Vegas with Ogul and Frank Niccoli, another associate of Cohen's. Ogul disappeared on October 9, 1949, two days after Spangler did. This led police to investigate the possibility that Spangler and Ogul, who was under indictment for conspiracy, had fled to avoid prosecution. Police interrogated Thomas Ellery Evans, a gangster and acquaintance of Ogul, during their investigation. In April 1950, Spangler's sister Betsy testified that neither she nor her sister were ever acquainted with Ogul, Cohen, or any of his associates.
In 1950, a customs agent in El Paso, Texas reported seeing Ogul and a woman who looked like Spangler in a hotel in El Paso. The hotel clerk identified Spangler from a photograph, but neither Davy Ogul nor Jean Spangler's name appeared on the hotel register.
Shortly after Spangler disappeared, custody of she and Benner's daughter, Christine, was temporarily awarded Benner on October 27, 1949. The following year, a custody battle ensued between Benner and his former mother-in-law, whom he denied visitation to with Christine. Benner defied a court order that he permit Spangler's mother to visit the child. When he was ordered to serve 15 days in jail for being in contempt of court, he fled California with his daughter, later settling in Florida.
The Los Angeles Police Department continued the search and circulated Spangler's picture for several years, in an unsuccessful attempt to find her or any reliable leads. Columnist Louella Parsons offered a $1,000 reward for information concerning Spangler's disappearance or location. Despite a nationwide search, no further clues have surfaced. Possible sightings included northern and southern California, Phoenix, Arizona, and Mexico City over the next two years, but none of those sightings could be validated. She is still listed as a missing person, and the LAPD has not closed the case.
|1948||Miracle of the Bells||Extra in Church||Uncredited|
|1948||When My Baby Smiles at Me||Chorus Girl||Uncredited|
|1949||Chicken Every Sunday||Dancer||Uncredited|
|1950||Young Man with a Horn||Hula Dancer||Uncredited|
|1950||Champagne for Caesar||TV Studio Audience Member||Uncredited|
|1950||The Petty Girl||Nightclub Patron||Uncredited|
- Rasmussen, Cecilia (October 20, 2002). "Mystery of Missing Starlet Was Never Solved". Los Angeles Times. Retrieved March 19, 2018.
- Healy, Patrick (February 2, 2012). "Cold Case: Aspiring Actress Left Cryptic Note". NBC News. Los Angeles. Archived from the original on December 13, 2017. Retrieved December 22, 2017.
- Lyons, Arthur. "The Mysterious Disappearance of Jean Spangler". Whispering Palms. Archived from the original on February 12, 2015. Retrieved February 12, 2015.
- Lewis 2017, p. 59.
- "Search of Park Yields No Clues in Spangler Case". St. Louis Post-Dispatch. St. Louis, Missouri. October 17, 1949. p. 13 – via Newspapers.com.
- "The Disappearance of Jean Elizabeth Spangler". Historic Horrors. March 9, 2014. Retrieved February 12, 2015.
- "Missing Actress Jean Spangler..." Detroit Free Press. Detroit, Michigan. October 13, 1949. p. 22 – via Newspapers.com.
- Jolly, Nathan (December 24, 2016). "Cryptic note: What happened to actress Jean Spangler?". news.com.au. Retrieved March 19, 2018.
- "Disappearance". Retrieved March 11, 2018.
- "Acor Quizzed on Missing Girl". Retrieved March 11, 2018.
- Lewis 2017, p. 60.
- "Missing Actress' Mother Believes Daughter Alive". Daily Capital Journal. Salem, Oregon. October 18, 1949. p. 20 – via Newspapers.com.
- Lewis 2017, p. 62.
- Lewis 2017, pp. 61–3.
- Lewis 2017, p. 61.
- "Battle Over Child of Actress Begins". Los Angeles Times. April 4, 1950. p. 31 – via Newspapers.com.
- "Jean Elizabeth Spangler". The Charley Project. Retrieved October 11, 2015.
- "Lost Actress' Child Awarded". The Eugene Guard. Eugene, Oregon. October 27, 1949. p. 20 – via Newspapers.com.
- Lewis, Jon (2017). Hard-Boiled Hollywood: Crime and Punishment in Postwar Los Angeles. Los Angeles: University of California Press. ISBN 978-0-520-95991-0.
- Jean Spangler on IMDb
- Jean Spangler at The Doe Network
- Jean Spangler at The Charley Project
- The Jean Spangler website
- Another Hollywood Showgirl Slain Court TV news Archived June 3, 2007, at the Wayback Machine.
- 1949 Los Angeles County Grand Jury Final report re Spangler and other missing persons
- Benner v. Benner (1952) Custody hearing
- Benner Silvex (Requires PDF reader)