Jeberti people

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Jeberti (ጀበርቲ)
Regions with significant populations
Horn of Africa, Arabian Peninsula
Arabic, Somali, and Tigrinya
Related ethnic groups

The Jeberti (also spelled Jabarti, Jaberti, Jebarti or Djeberti) are a Muslim[1] clan inhabiting the Horn of Africa and Middle East, mainly Somalia, Ethiopia, Djibouti, Eritrea and Yemen.


Islam was introduced to the Horn of Africa early on from the Arabian peninsula, shortly after the hijra. Zeila's Masjid al-Qiblatayn (Two-mihrab Mosque) dates to the 7th century, and is the oldest mosque in the city.[2] In the late 9th century, Al-Yaqubi wrote that Muslims were living along the northern Somali seaboard.[3] Among these early migrants was Abdirahman bin Isma'il al-Jabarti, the forefather of the Darod clan family.[4] Al-Maqrizi noted that a number of the Muslims settled in the Zeila-controlled Jabarta region is now northeastern Somalia, and from there slowly expanded into the hinterland in the horn of Africa.[5] The Jebertis make the majority of the population in Somalia and big minority in Yemen, Eritrea, Ethiopia, and Kenya. Most Jeberti concentrated cities includes, Asmara, Addis Ababa, Kismayo, Badhan, Garowe, Garbaharey, Jigjiga, Bosaso, Bardera, Buraan and Garissa


In Eritrea and Ethiopia, Jebertis mainly speak Arabic and Tigrinya and the Jebertis in Somalia speak Somali.[6] The languages belong to the Semitic and Cushitic branches of the Afroasiatic family.

See also[edit]


  1. ^ Trimingham, J (1965). Islam in Ethiopia. Frank Cass. pp. 150–151. ISBN 0-7146-1731-8. 
  2. ^ Briggs, Phillip (2012). Somaliland. Bradt Travel Guides. p. 7. ISBN 1841623717. 
  3. ^ Encyclopedia Americana, Volume 25. Americana Corporation. 1965. p. 255. 
  4. ^ Somaliland Society (1954). The Somaliland Journal, Volume 1, Issues 1-3. The Society. p. 85. 
  5. ^ Tamrat, Taddesse (1972). Church and state in Ethiopia, 1270-1527. Clarendon Press. p. 124. 
  6. ^ Facts On File, Incorporated (2009). Encyclopedia of the Peoples of Africa and the Middle East. Infobase Publishing. p. 336. ISBN 143812676X.