August 19, 1938 |
|Show||"Work In Progress," "In the Dark," "Somewhere out There," "The Other Side"|
|Station(s)||KPFA, WNYC, WBEZ, KCRW, NPR|
Joe Frank was born Joseph Langermann in Strasbourg, France, near the border of Germany to father Meier Langermann (then age 51) and mother Friederike (then age 27), while in transit from Germany, where they were living, although they were Polish citizens. Being Jewish, his family was fleeing Nazi Germany and moving to New York City, where they arrived on April 12, 1939. Legislation to allow the family and others into the country was passed by the US Congress twice, the first having been vetoed by President Roosevelt. Joe's father died when he was five years old. The next year his mother married Freddy Frank and changed Joe's last name.
In his twenties, Frank studied at Hofstra University in New York and later at the Iowa Writers' Workshop. He taught English literature at the Dalton School in Manhattan and, at the time, became interested in the power of radio.
Early radio career
In 1977, Frank started volunteering at Pacifica Network station WBAI in New York, performing experimental radio involving monologues, improvisational actors, and live music during late-night, free-form hours. In 1978, he moved to Washington, D.C., to serve as a co-anchor for the weekend edition of National Public Radio's "All Things Considered," his first paying radio job.
During this period he wrote, performed in, and produced 18 dramas for the "NPR Playhouse," which won several awards. His 1982 monologue "Lies" was used as the inspiration for the Martin Scorsese movie After Hours, without permission. (He later settled out of court for a "handsome" settlement.)
In 1986, on the invitation of Ruth Hirschman Seymour, the general manager of NPR's Santa Monica, California, affiliate KCRW, Frank moved to Santa Monica, where he wrote, produced, and performed in his own weekly hour-long radio program, "Joe Frank: Work In Progress."
While at KCRW, Frank received several accolades.
Joe Frank continued to work at KCRW until 2002, and his work evolved, as evidenced by the diverse series he produced. The first was "Work in Progress," then "In The Dark," followed by "Somewhere out There", and finally "The Other Side."
Since 2002, Frank has performed on stage at the Art Institute of Chicago and the Steppenwolf Theatre in Chicago, Illinois; at the Great American Music Hall in San Francisco; and in Los Angeles at the Hammer Museum and Largo at the Coronet, as well as other venues.
His 230-hour body of work continues to be re-aired on the Pacifica Radio affiliate station KPFA in Berkeley, California and many NPR stations including WNYC New York, KCRW Santa Monica, and WBEZ Chicago. The radio station at the University of California at Davis, KDVS and the independent station WFMU in Jersey City also re-air shows.
Frank's radio programs are often dark and ironic and employ a dry sense of humor and the sincere delivery of ideas or stories that are patently absurd. Subject matter often includes religion, life's meaning, death, and Frank's relationships with women.
Frank's voice is distinctive, resonant, authoritative, and, because of his occasional voice-over work, often oddly familiar. At the 2003 Third Coast Festival, he explained that he was recording in Dolby and playing back without it, which created Joe's now familiar intimate and gritty sound. A 1987 Los Angeles Times article described it as a voice "like dirty honey" and "rich as chocolate."
The repetitive cadence of the music and Frank's dry, announcer-like delivery are sometimes mixed with recorded phone calls with actor/friends such as Larry Block, Debi Mae West and Arthur Miller (not the playwright), broken into segments over the course of each hour-long program.
Frank's series "The Other Side" included excerpts from Buddhist teacher Jack Kornfield's Dharma talks at Spirit Rock Meditation Center. In an interview on KPFA's "Morning Show," Kornfield was asked about working with Joe Frank. Kornfield explained that, although he had never met or talked to Joe Frank or heard his show, he didn't mind Frank using the lectures and that many of his meditation students had found Kornfield through the show.
- He can be heard on the song "Montok Point" on William Orbit's album Strange Cargo Hinterland.
- The Decline of Spengler stage play, New Directions 48, New York City
- A Tour of the City stage play (Tanam Press, New York City), produced by Theatre Anima at Hangar #9 in the Old Port, Montreal, Canada, in 1990, directed by Jordan Deitcher.
- The Queen of Puerto Rico and Other Stories. (William Morrow, New York City, 1993). A collection of short stories: Tell me what to do—Fat man—Night—Date—Walter—The queen of Puerto Rico—The decline of Spengler. ISBN 0-688-08765-5 Out of print.
- Four short films for television based on his radio shows were written by Joe Frank, directed by Paul Rachman and produced by Propaganda Films in Los Angeles. "Memories by Joe Frank" in 1992 for CBS Television as a pilot, "The Hitchhiker,, "The Perfect Woman", and "Jilted Lover" in 1993 for the series "Inside Out" on a cable network.
- Filmmaker Chel White created three short films based on segments from Joe Frank's radio shows, two of which include his voice. The films are "Dirt" (1998) and "Magda" (2004) from Frank's show "The Dictator", and "Soulmate" (2000) from "Emerald Isle".
Inspiration to other artists
Frank's body of work has inspired a variety of other artists including:
- Ira Glass of radio's "This American Life" worked under Frank as one of his first jobs in public radio, and credits Frank as his greatest inspiration.
- David Sedaris, writer 
- Troy Schulze, a theater artist in Houston, Texas, who created the show "Jerry's World" (2003) for Houston-based theater group Infernal Bridegroom Productions. Utilizing material from several Frank shows, the piece was deemed Best Original Show in Houston in 2011 by the Houston Press.
- Jeff Crouse, artist and technologist, created "Interactive Frank," which uses content from the Web to dynamically create a Joe Frank Show. "The user types in a sentence, and Interactive Frank takes over, scouring the Web for another sentence that follows a sentence with the last three words. Frank can also find streaming audio to accompany the generated narrative based on a word analysis, and it can read the narrative using an online text-to-speech generator."
- Filmmakers such as Francis Ford Coppola, Michael Mann, David Fincher, Ivan Reitman, and Martin Scorsese have optioned or bought stories from Joe Frank's radio shows (although the terms for Scorsese's film After Hours were settled after production had already begun).
Voice-over and acting work
- "Wild Rescues" on "Animal Planet"
- "Conspiracies" on A&E
- "Ends of the Earth" on the Learning Channel
- "Hurricane X" on the Discovery channel
- "Sexy Beast" film as the narrator on the trailer, which was nominated for best film trailer in 2004.
- Third Coast International Audio Festival Lifetime Achievement Award
- Radio Program Award from the Corporation For Public Broadcasting
- Gold Award from the International Radio Festival of New York
- Gold Award from the International Radio Festival of New York (second)
- American Nomination to the Prix Italia
- Special Commendation from the Berlin Prix Futura
During Work In Progress
- Major Armstrong Award
- Corporation For Public Broadcasting Program Award
- Peabody Awards Web site - search for Joe Frank
- Congressional Record on 1940 May 2 (86 Congressional Record 5425 (1940), page 5469): By Mrs. O'DAY [Caroline Love Goodwin, congresswoman from New York]: H.R. 9651: A bill for the relief of Meier Langermann, his wife Friederike, and son Joseph; to the Committee on Immigration and Naturalization.
- The Senate passed the bill on 1940 June 22 (86 Congressional Record 8909 (1940), page 8974). President Roosevelt vetoed the bill on 1940 July 2 (86 Congressional Record 9142 (1940), page 9146). Quoth his message: 'Meier Langermann, his wife and son, formerly of Germany, although citizens of Poland'
- Congresswoman O'Day submitted an identical bill the next day (86 Congressional Record 9231 (1940), page 9244) A reading of the bill on 1940 September 30 (86 Congressional Record 12842 (1940), page 12870) noted: "Meier Langermann, his wife Friederike, and son Joseph, as of April 12, 1939, the date on which they were admitted temporarily to the United States." Congress passed it on March 6, 1941 (87 Congressional Record 1902 (1941), page 1906).
- NYC Death Index Results
- Joe Frank :: News and Reviews - LA Weekly - "Joe Frank is Off the Air"
- March 7, 2000 Salon.com article by Susan Emerling.
- The Scandalous Origins of Martin Scorsese’s After Hours
- Public radio's bad dream
- "Radio Icon Joe Frank Returns to KCRW". 2012-07-19.
- "UnFictional". 2012-11-09.
- Third Coast Archives - scroll to bottom for speech.
- Diamond, Jamie (1987-11-22). "Radio Noir". Los Angeles Times. Retrieved 2012-02-06.
- Joe Frank Music Page
- The Sound of Young America
- Sedaris discusses Joe Frank
- Real Time Art Project Site home of Interactive Frank, a project by Jeff Crouse
- Joe Frank FAQ on WFMU
- ThirdCoast audio archive site
- WFMU bio
- Guggenheim Fellowship site
- Joe Frank – official site
- Joe Frank on Facebook
- Joe Frank fan page on Facebook
- Joe Frank at the Internet Movie Database
- Joe Frank – WFMU FAQs
- Joe Frank wiki
- Joe Frank music page
- Public Radio's Bad Dream – salon.com feature on Frank
- Joe Frank article in The Guardian