Sir John Bourn
|Comptroller and Auditor General|
1 January 1988 – 2008
|Preceded by||Gordon Downey|
|Succeeded by||Tim Burr (interim)|
|Auditor General for Wales|
|Preceded by||New position|
|Succeeded by||Jeremy Colman|
|Born||February 21, 1934|
Hornsey, London, United Kingdom
|Alma mater||London School of Economics|
Early life and education
Bourn entered the UK civil service at the top-entry level. He worked in the Air Ministry before spending a year at HM Treasury. He then spent time at the Civil Service College, Ministry of Defence and the Northern Ireland Office, where he was for some time Deputy Under Secretary of State, the UK government's most senior civil servant in Northern Ireland. He was a Deputy Under Secretary of State in the Ministry of Defence before he became the Comptroller and Auditor General on 1 January 1988.
As comptroller and auditor general, Bourn certified the accounts of all UK Government departments and a wide range of other public sector bodies; and he had statutory authority to report to Parliament on the economy, efficiency and effectiveness with which departments and other bodies used their resources. Under his leadership, the National Audit Office won contracts to carry out substantial work overseas, including for the United Nations, the European Commission, and for a number of countries around the world. During his tenure Bourn was Chairman of the Multilateral Audit Advisory Group of the World Bank, and he also was a member (and chairman) of the Panel of External Auditors of the United Nations. Additionally, he was a member of the Governing Boards of the International and of the European Organisations of National Audit Offices and Courts of Audit. He was also appointed as the first Auditor General for Wales until Jeremy Colman took over this role on 1 April 2005.
In March 2006 he was appointed as the first Independent Advisor on Ministerial Interests by Tony Blair, to advise ministers on potential clashes between their public duties and private affairs, and to investigate any claims that the rules have been broken. This appointment was revoked in 2007 following the controversy around his travel expenditure.
Other appointments and work
Bourn served as a board member of the Financial Reporting Council and as Chair of the Professional Oversight Board of the Council and its predecessor body, the Review Board of the Accountancy Foundation 2000-2008. The council’s responsibilities include the oversight of public and private sector financial service providers, including accountants, auditors and actuaries. The tasks of the Financial Reporting Council are to set standards for corporate governance, reporting, auditing and actuarial practice; monitor and, where appropriate, enforce the application of those standards; and work with the accountancy and actuarial professions to promote the professionalism of their members. The Council and its Boards are engaged in international discussions with financial services regulators in the US, France, Germany, the European Commission and other countries.
Bourn is currently senior advisor to the Foundation for Governance Research and Education, where he specialises in corporate governance arrangements and improvements in the public and private sectors, particularly in banks. Among other non-executive appointments he is also a Companion of the Institute of Management and a Fellow of the Chartered Institute of Purchasing and Supply.
Bourn has been a part-time teacher at the London School of Economics since he was a graduate student, serving as a visiting professor from 1983 to 2013. He continues to teach at the School on executive and custom programmes, with particular reference to students and participants from overseas, including India, Indonesia, China and Hong Kong, Brazil, Thailand, Kazakhstan, and Spain. He specialises in issues of public sector management and policy analysis, including financial management, accountancy and audit, and covers UK and overseas experience.
In May 1998 he was awarded an Honorary Degree from the Open University as Doctor of the University, having also being awarded the highest honour from the London School of Economics, an Honorary Fellow. He started his career at the London School of Economics where he took a first class honours degree in Economics and a PhD. He is also an Honorary Fellow of the University of Brighton, an Honorary Doctor of Laws of Brunel University, and an Honorary Doctor of Business Administration of the University of the West of England.
Al-Yamamah arms deals
Bourn's role at the Ministry of Defence, from 1985 to 1988, before becoming Comptroller and Auditor General, was as the most senior civil servant responsible for defence procurement. This, according to The Spectator, would have given him a "ringside seat" in the negotiations surrounding the first Al-Yamamah arms deal.
15 months after becoming Comptroller and Auditor General, in April 1989, Bourn announced a National Audit Office inquiry into the Al-Yamamah deal. The report was drawn up between 1989 and 1991, and was presented to Lord Sheldon, then the chairman of the Public Accounts Committee. However, the report was never published, making it the only NAO report to have ever been withheld.
In 2006, the Serious Fraud Office and Ministry of Defence Police were investigating the Al-Yamamah arms deals, and requested the report from the National Audit Office, however, Bourn withheld it. Harry Cohen criticised Bourn's stance as it looked like a "serious conflict of interest". The agencies were reportedly considering a "dawn raid of the NAO’s offices" in order to obtain the report.
He has been criticised by opposition parties and the media over his high spending, such as a recent overseas trip that ran up taxpayer costs of more than £16,000. His expenses and conduct have frequently been highlighted in the satirical magazine Private Eye. In September 2008 the magazine published a special report, 'The Bourn Complicity', alleging that under his leadership numerous government expenditure failings escaped scrutiny while Bourn (frequently accompanied by his wife) went on unnecessary and extravagant foreign trips, and accepted lavish hospitality from contractors.
Freedom of Information Act requests show that, in the three years to March 2007, Bourn made 43 overseas visits; Private Eye claimed this was far more than the revenue generated would justify, and that in many cases more junior staff should have gone instead; on 22 of these trips, Bourn was accompanied by his wife. He claimed £336,000 in travel expenses in addition to his £164,430 salary, while staying almost exclusively in five star hotels, while flying exclusively first class on long haul and business class on shorter visits. A spokesman for Bourn claimed that he normally stayed at hotels which were "recommended by the host organisation", but an investigation by The Daily Telegraph suggested that on several of the most expensive trips, no such recommendations were made.
It emerged that Bourn travelled to and from his office in Victoria, London in a chauffeur driven vehicle at the taxpayers' expense. The financial cost of this is unknown due to it being funded directly from the consolidated fund and therefore not being included within the NAO's accounts. Additionally, the personal benefit to his wife of NAO-funded travel had not been fully accounted for. When Her Majesty's Revenue and Customs investigated these as taxable benefits, Bourn was found liable for 6 years of unpaid taxes - but the outstanding sum of about £100,000 (including a fine) was settled by the NAO out of taxpayers' money. In October 2015, Private Eye highlighted how criticisms of Bourn's expenditure had been removed from Wikipedia, citing right to be forgotten.
Bourn is married to Ardita and they have a son and a daughter.
- "Sir John Bourn leaves NAO after 20 years". The Daily Telegraph. 4 February 2008. Retrieved 30 October 2015.
- "Notable former pupils". Southgate County School. 19 March 2012. Retrieved 4 October 2015.
- "Leadership Team". Dragon Gate. Archived from the original on 4 March 2016. Retrieved 30 October 2015.
- Oborne, Peter; Hope, Christopher (17 October 2007). "The auditor general and Saudi arms deals". The Spectator. Retrieved 30 October 2015.[permanent dead link]
- Walker, Kirsty (11 May 2007). "£336,000 worth of travel expenses for civil servant paid to advise on saving money". The Mail on Sunday. Retrieved 30 October 2015.
- "Patrons of Foundation for Governance Research and Education". Foundation For Governance Research And Education. January 2016. Retrieved 15 January 2016.
- "Author Information: Public Sector Auditing: Is it Value for Money?". Wiley.com. 2008. Retrieved 15 January 2016.
- "LSE Honorary Fellows". London School of Economics. Retrieved 28 October 2015.
- "UWE awards honorary degree to Sir John Bourn KCB". UWE Bristol. 21 July 2011. Archived from the original on 29 November 2015. Retrieved 30 October 2015.
- Leigh, David; Evans, Rob (25 July 2006). "Parliamentary auditor hampers police inquiry into arms deal". The Guardian. Retrieved 30 October 2015.
- Whittam Smith, Andreas (14 May 2007). "Who guards Britain's auditing guardian?". The Independent. London. Archived from the original on 30 September 2007. Retrieved 30 October 2015.
- "Chauffeur government". Private Eye (1189): 29. 20 July 2007.
- Brooks, Richard (5 September 2008). "The Bourn Complicity". Private Eye (1218): 8–page special insert.
- "Bourn Yesterday". Private Eye (1404): 8. 30 October 2015.