John Crichton, 4th Earl Erne

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John Henry Crichton, 4th Earl Erne KP, PC (I) (16 October 1839 – 2 December 1914), styled Viscount Crichton from 1842 to 1885, was an Anglo-Irish peer and Conservative politician.

Erne was the son of John Crichton, 3rd Earl Erne, and Selina Griselda Beresford.

He was appointed High Sheriff of Donegal for 1867. He was then elected to the House of Commons for Enniskillen in 1868, a seat he held until 1880, and then represented Fermanagh from 1880 to 1885. Between 1876 and 1880 he served as a Lord of the Treasury in the Conservative administration of Benjamin Disraeli. In October 1885 he succeeded his father as fourth Earl Erne and entered the House of Lords, and served as Lord Lieutenant of County Fermanagh from 1885 to 1914. He was made a Knight of the Order of St Patrick in 1889 and was admitted to the Irish Privy Council in 1902.

Lord Erne married Lady Florence Mary Cole, daughter of William Willoughby Cole, 3rd Earl of Enniskillen, in 1870. He died in December 1914, aged 75, and was succeeded in his titles by his grandson John, his eldest son Major Henry William Crichton, Viscount Crichton, having predeceased him. His daughter Lady Mabel Crichton married Lord Hugh Grosvenor and was the mother of the 4th and 5th duke of Westminster.

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Parliament of the United Kingdom
Preceded by
Hon. John Lowry Cole
Member of Parliament for Enniskillen
1868–1880
Succeeded by
Viscount Cole
Preceded by
Hon. Henry Arthur Cole
William Humphrys Archdale
Member of Parliament for Fermanagh
with William Humphrys Archdale

1880–1885
Constituency abolished
Honorary titles
Preceded by
The Earl Erne
Lord Lieutenant of Fermanagh
1885–1914
Succeeded by
John Ernest Francis Collum
Non-profit organization positions
Preceded by
Earl of Enniskillen
Grand Master of the Orange Institution of Ireland
1886–1914
Succeeded by
James Stronge
Peerage of Ireland
Preceded by
John Crichton
Earl Erne
1885–1914
Succeeded by
John Henry George Crichton