John Donelson Martin

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John Donelson Martin
Born (1830-08-18)August 18, 1830
Davidson County, Tennessee
Died October 3, 1862(1862-10-03) (aged 32)
Corinth, Mississippi
Place of burial Elmwood Cemetery
Memphis, Tennessee
Allegiance United States United States of America
Confederate States of America Confederate States of America
Service/branch  United States Army
 Confederate States Army
Years of service 1846–48 (USA)
1861–62 (CSA)
Rank Private (USA)
Confederate States of America Colonel.png Colonel
Confederate States of America General.png Brigadier General (Acting)
Unit 3rd Tennessee Volunteer Infantry (USA)
154th Senior Tennessee Infantry (CSA)
Commands held 25th Mississippi Infantry
Bowen's Brigade
4th Bde, 1st Div, Army of the West
Battles/wars

Mexican–American War
American Civil War

Spouse(s) Rosalie A. White Martin
Relations John Donelson Martin, Sr.
(grandson)
Rachel Jackson{cousin}
Andrew Jackson Donelson,{cousin}
Daniel Smith Donelson {cousin}

John Donelson Martin (1830–1862) was a Confederate States Army officer during the American Civil War.

Early life[edit]

John Martin was born on August 18, 1830 in Davidson County, Tennessee. He was the middle child of Major James G. Martin (1791–1840) and Catherine Donelson Martin.[1] In 1846 he volunteered for the Mexican–American War, serving as a private in the 3rd Tennessee Infantry Regiment (Company D) until war's end in 1848.

Civil War[edit]

When the American Civil War erupted in 1861 Martin joined the Confederate States Army and was named Captain of the Hickory Rifles, a company of infantry from Memphis and Shelby County. It soon became Company E of the 154th Senior Tennessee Infantry Regiment; Martin himself becoming the regiment's Major in May 1861.[2]

During the summer Martin raised a regiment with 7 companies from Mississippi and 3 from Tennessee.[3] He was promoted to Colonel and assigned to command this unit; known as 25th Mississippi Infantry (also as 1st Mississippi Valley Regiment). In January 1862 it was renamed 2nd Confederate Infantry.[4]

Fighting in the Battle of Shiloh Martin took over brigade command when his commander, Brigadier John S. Bowen, was wounded. His services were noted and he was recommended for a promotion to Brigadier General. Simultaneously he was named Acting Brigadier General and assigned to command a brigade in the Army of the West, composed of the 36th, 37th and 38th Mississippi regiments as well as the 37th Alabama Infantry.[5]

Colonel Martin was killed in the Second Battle of Corinth on October 3, 1862 while leading his men.[5] He was buried on Elmwood Cemetery in Memphis; leaving behind his widow and his son, who died being 32 years old like his father. His grandson was Judge John Donelson Martin, Sr..[1]

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ a b "John Donelson Martin". Find a Grave. Retrieved 2 January 2016. 
  2. ^ "154th (Senior) Tennessee Infantry Regiment (CSA), US Civil War". GENi. Retrieved 2 January 2016. 
  3. ^ "Second Brigade - Reserve Corps - Army of the Mississippi". Shiloh National Military Park. Retrieved 2 January 2016. 
  4. ^ "25th Regiment, Mississippi Infantry". Family Search. Retrieved 2 January 2016. 
  5. ^ a b "The Battle of Corinth". John Wilson's Civil War. Retrieved 2 January 2016. 

References[edit]

External links[edit]