John F. MacArthur

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John F. MacArthur
John F. MacArthur Jr..JPG
MacArthur in 2013
Born (1939-06-19) June 19, 1939 (age 82)
Education Los Angeles Pacific College (B.A.)
Talbot Theological Seminary (M.Div., 1963)
Grace Graduate School (D.D., 1976)
Talbot Theological Seminary (D.D, 1977)
OccupationMinister, writer, broadcaster, pastor, seminary, and college chancellor
Notable work
The Gospel According to Jesus
Spouse(s)Patricia MacArthur
Children4

John Fullerton MacArthur Jr. (born June 19, 1939) is an American pastor and author known for his internationally syndicated Christian teaching radio and television program Grace to You.[1] He has been the pastor-teacher of Grace Community Church in Sun Valley, California, since February 9, 1969.[2] He is currently Chancellor Emeritus of The Master's University in Santa Clarita, California, and The Master's Seminary in Sun Valley, California.

MacArthur is a Reformed Protestant and a prominent representative of expository preaching.[3] He has been acknowledged by Christianity Today as one of the most influential preachers of his time[4] and was a frequent guest on Larry King Live as a representative of an evangelical Christian perspective.[5] MacArthur has written or edited more than 150 books, most notably the MacArthur Study Bible, which has sold more than one million copies, receiving a Gold Medallion Book Award.[6]

Early life and schooling[edit]

Los Angeles Pacific College's football roster and statistics, from the 1962 yearbook, showing the football record of then student John Macarthur.

The grandson of Canadian Anglican minister Harry MacArthur (d. 1950) and son of Baptist radio preacher Jack MacArthur (born in Calgary, Canada)[7] and Irene Dockendorf, MacArthur was born in Los Angeles.[8] He claims to be a fifth cousin of U.S. Army general Douglas MacArthur.[9] MacArthur followed in his father's footsteps to enroll at the fundamentalist Bob Jones College from 1957 to 1959. In 1960, after a year off, he was accepted to the Free Methodist Church’s Los Angeles Pacific College (defunct), where he played three games of football, carrying the ball once (see 1962 yearbook statistics).[10] In 1963, he was granted a Masters of Divinity from the Bible Institute of Los Angeles's new Talbot Theological Seminary, in La Mirada, California, with honors. MacArthur was also given honoraria from Talbot Theological Seminary (Doctor of Divinity, 1977) and from Grace Graduate School (1976).[11]

Career[edit]

While at Bob Jones College in South Carolina, MacArthur was recruited to the Voice of Cavalry singing quartet, often broadcast on Christian radio in Southern California. From 1964 to 1966, MacArthur was hired by his father as associate pastor at the Harry MacArthur Memorial Bible Church (now Calvary Bible Church in Burbank, California), which his father Jack had planted and named after his own father.[12] From 1966 to 1969, MacArthur was hired as the faculty representative for Talbot Theological Seminary. On February 9, 1969, he was hired as the third and youngest pastor at nondenominational Grace Community Church of Sun Valley, California.[13]

MacArthur's daily radio and television program, Grace to You, now broadcast throughout much of the world, was created by the Grace media team to publicize audio cassettes of sermons; in 1977, it was first broadcast in Baltimore, Maryland.[14] In 1985, MacArthur was made president of Los Angeles Baptist College, now The Master’s University, a four-year liberal-arts Christian college.[15] In 1986, he was made president of the new Master’s Seminary.[16]

Nearly 43 years after beginning in the pulpit of Grace Community, MacArthur completed one of his own life goals,[2] that of preaching through the entire New Testament less the ending of Mark on June 5, 2011.[17][18]

Theological positions[edit]

Cessationism[edit]

MacArthur is a cessationist and is one of the most prominent voices in American Christianity against the continuationist beliefs of Pentecostalism and the Charismatic Movement. He has written three books on the subject; in October 2013, his church hosted a conference called "Strange Fire" to mark the launch of a book of the same name.[19] The event featured a number of speakers who argued for cessationist theology and strongly critiqued the Charismatic Movement.[20]

He broadly calls modern "visions, revelations, voices from heaven...dreams, speaking in tongues, prophecies, out-of-body experiences, trip to heaven, anointings, miracles – all false, all lies, all deceptions – attributed falsely to the Holy Spirit." And that "The Charismatic movement has stolen the Holy Spirit and created a golden calf, and they're dancing around the golden calf as if it were the Holy Spirit."[21][22] A list of erstwhile, supernatural Gifts of the Spirit was published, mostly from 1 Corinthians 12–14, holding that “Once the New Testament was finished, those sign gifts ceased to have a function" and ended forever at the conclusion of the Apostolic Age, around AD 100.[23]

Christology[edit]

In 1983, MacArthur first published his belief in the doctrine of "incarnational sonship." In 1989, after some criticism, he defended his views in a plenary session of the annual convention of the Independent Fundamental Churches of America. A decade later, he announced he had retracted this view via an article from Grace to You.[24]

Complementarianism[edit]

MacArthur has stated that he opposes "male chauvinist and feminist views".[25] He has a complementarian view on gender roles and considers that the Bible forbids women to preach to men or to exercise authority over men in churches, and he believes that the Biblical roles of elder and pastor are restricted to men. To this end he cites the biblical passage of 1 Timothy 2:11-12.[26][27][28]

New Covenant Theology[edit]

MacArthur describes himself as a "leaky dispensationalist".[29] MacArthur holds to the Progressive dispensationalist school of premillennialism, a pre-tribulational Rapture of the Church, and a literal Millennium. Thus on one hand, he teaches a completely restored Israel shall inherit physical ownership of the earth. On the other hand, instructors and writers on his staff publish position papers that the divine covenants and divine laws of the Old Testament do not apply to the church, but rather that “New Covenant Theology” is correct that the church, from the spiritual New Jerusalem, must support the exclusive rule of Israel over the globe.[30][31][32]

Lordship of Christ[edit]

MacArthur believes "that if you confess with your mouth Jesus as Lord, and believe in your heart that God raised Him from the dead, you will be saved" (Rom 10:9). This submission to Jesus as Lord when converting to faith in Jesus Christ became known to Arminians as the “Lordship salvation controversy” in the 1980s. MacArthur argues that confessing Jesus Christ as Lord is a necessary component of free grace theology. He states, "You must receive Jesus Christ for who He is, both Lord and Savior, to be truly saved (II Peter 2:20)."[33] Regarding eternal security, he states, "It should never be presented merely as a matter of being once saved, always saved—with no regard for what you believe or do. The writer of Hebrews 12:14 states frankly that only those who continue living holy lives will enter the Lord's presence." These views raised controversy within U.S. evangelicalism and were challenged in print by non-lordship dispensationalist theologians Charles Ryrie and Zane C. Hodges, who argued that MacArthur’s ministry was teaching a form of works-based salvation. MacArthur denied the charge, as attested on two tapes recorded in 1989 when he was asked to “reason together with the IFCA man”.[34]

Young Earth creationism[edit]

MacArthur advocates Young Earth creationism in his book The Battle For the Beginning (2001), and in his sermons.[35] Speaking about evolutionary theory, he writes that Christians "ought to expose such lies for what they are and oppose them vigorously". He argues that "the battle for the beginning is ultimately a battle between two mutually exclusive faiths – faith in Scripture versus faith in anti-theistic hypotheses. It is not really a battle between science and the Bible."[36]

Controversies[edit]

MacArthur has been involved with multiple controversies regarding his outspokenness on certain topics. MacArthur is very open about opposing same-sex marriage, against female pastors, and the social justice movement.[37] He has delivered multiple sermons where he discusses these issues.[38]

In 2012, at The Shepherd's Conference, MacArthur was participating in a word association questionnaire where the moderator gave him the name "Steven Furtick." MacArthur proceeded to argue that Furtick, pastor of Elevation Church, was "unqualified".[39] Furtick responded to this comment in his 2016 book Unqualified: How God Uses Broken People to Do Big Things.

In 2019, at the Truth Matters Conference, where, during a word association questionnaire, the name, "Beth Moore" was given. Reiterating his stance on 1 Timothy 2:12, MacArthur responded by stating that Beth Moore should, "Go home" and that, "There is no case that can be made Biblically for a woman preacher. Period. Paragraph. End of Discussion."[40] Moore responded to this stance by stating on her Twitter account, "I did not surrender to a calling of man when I was 18 years old. I surrendered to a calling of God. It never occurs to me for a second to not fulfill it. I will follow Jesus - and Jesus alone - all the way home. And I will see His beautiful face and proclaim, Worthy is the Lamb!"[41]

In 2020 and 2021, during the COVID-19 global crisis, MacArthur denied the existence of a pandemic, ignored orders from Los Angeles County public health officials regarding services at Grace Community Church, and insisted that no one from the church had become seriously ill.[42] Los Angeles County sued the church over its refusal to close down, and the church counter-sued, claiming religious freedom discrimination. Eventually the lawsuits were settled out of court with the county and state paying $400,000 each to Grace Community Church.[43] [44]

Personal life[edit]

MacArthur is married to his wife, Patricia[45] and together they have four children, fifteen grandchildren and 2 great-grandsons.[46]

Selected publications[edit]

  • Twelve Extraordinary Women: God Shaped Women of the Bible, and What He Wants to Do with You by John F. MacArthur (October 5, 2008)
  • Twelve Ordinary Men: How the Master Shaped His Disciples for Greatness, and What He Wants to Do with You by John F. MacArthur (May 8, 2006)
  • One Perfect Life: The Complete Story of the Lord Jesus by John F. MacArthur (March 4, 2013)
  • Anxious for Nothing: God's Cure for the Cares of Your Soul (John Macarthur Study) by MacArthur, Jr., John (February 1, 2012)
  • Safe in the Arms of God: Truth from Heaven About the Death of a Child by John F. MacArthur (July 8, 2003)
  • Saved Without A Doubt: Being Sure of Your Salvation (John MacArthur Study) by MacArthur, Jr., John (January 1, 2010)
  • The Charismatics: A Doctrinal Perspective Hardback (1978)
  • Fundamentals of the Faith: 13 Lessons to Grow in the Grace and Knowledge of Jesus Christ by John MacArthur (February 24, 2009)
  • The Charismatic Softback (1978)
  • Gospel According to Jesus (1989) ISBN 0-310-28651-4
  • Charismatic Chaos (1993) ISBN 0-310-57572-9
  • Our Sufficiency in Christ (1998) ISBN 1-58134-013-3
  • Ashamed of the Gospel: When the Church Becomes Like the World (2001) ISBN 1-58134-288-8
  • Think Biblically!: Recovering a Christian Worldview (2003) ISBN 1-58134-412-0
  • Fool's Gold?: Discerning Truth in an Age of Error (2005) ISBN 1-58134-726-X
  • The Jesus You Can't Ignore: What You Must Learn from the Bold Confrontations of Christ (2009) ISBN 1-4002-0206-X
  • Strange Fire: The Danger of Offending the Holy Spirit with Counterfeit Worship (2013) ISBN 978-1-4002-0517-2
  • Right Thinking in a Church Gone Astray: Finding Our Way Back to Biblical Truth (2017)
  • The Gospel According to Paul: Embracing the Good News at the Heart of Paul's Teachings (2017)
  • Biblical Doctrine: A Systematic Summary of Bible Truth (2017)
  • None Other: Discovering the God of the Bible (2017)
  • Worship: The Ultimate Priority (2012)
  • Parables (2015)

References[edit]

  1. ^ "'Grace to You' Television Program with John MacArthur Launches in Major U.S. Markets". Christian News Wire. Retrieved November 1, 2020.
  2. ^ a b "Theology and Ministry: An Interview with John MacArthur". Gty.org. January 16, 2011. Retrieved September 19, 2011.
  3. ^ MacArthur, John. "Why Every Calvinist Should Be a Premillennialist". Archived from the original on September 29, 2011. Retrieved September 25, 2009.
  4. ^ "The Top 25 Most Influential Preachers". Christianity Today. 2006. Archived from the original on February 1, 2006. Retrieved August 24, 2015.
  5. ^ ""God's Warriors": Fighters For Faith". CNN. Retrieved May 6, 2010. John MacArthur, a frequent guest, with us
  6. ^ "1998 Gold Medallion Book Awards Winners". Retrieved March 6, 2008.
  7. ^ "Voice of Calvary Legacy - The Legacy - Page 3". www.voiceofcalvaryradio.com.
  8. ^ MacArthur, John F. (February 9, 2004). "John MacArthur's Life Testimony" (Interview). Interviewed by Phil Johnson. Retrieved February 6, 2019. I was born down in Los Angeles at St. Vincent's Hospital, which is still operating.
  9. ^ "When should a Christian fight for his country? - John MacArthur". Biblebb.com. Retrieved September 19, 2011.
  10. ^ "Bible Questions and Answers, Part 47". Grace to You.
  11. ^ Demy, Timothy J.; Shockley, Paul R. (September 21, 2017). Evangelical America: An Encyclopedia of Contemporary American Religious Culture. ABC-CLIO. p. 265. ISBN 9781610697743. Retrieved October 21, 2018.
  12. ^ "Voice of Calvary Legacy - The Legacy - Page 3". www.voiceofcalvaryradio.com.
  13. ^ "John F. MacArthur - The Master's Seminary". Archived from the original on August 22, 2014.
  14. ^ "What's the history of Grace to You?". Archived from the original on July 16, 2011. Retrieved September 22, 2009.
  15. ^ Dart, John (April 9, 1985). "MacArthur Appointed Baptist College Gets New President, Name". Los Angeles Times. Retrieved September 25, 2009.
  16. ^ "History | The Master's Seminary". Retrieved January 19, 2021.
  17. ^ "A Historic Moment". Gty.org. June 16, 2011. Retrieved September 19, 2011.
  18. ^ http://www.bing.com/search?q=When+was+the+MacArthur+New+Testament+Commentary+Series+completed%3F&go=%E3%82%AF%E3%82%A8%E3%83%AA%E9%80%81%E4%BF%A1&qs=bs&form=QBRE |john Macarthur - YouTube
  19. ^ "Truth Matters 2013: Strange Fire". Retrieved January 19, 2021.
  20. ^ Menzie, Nicola. "'Strange Fire' Conference: John MacArthur Calls Out Charismatic Movement as 'Unfaithful'". The Christian Post. The Christian Post. Retrieved June 3, 2015.
  21. ^ "The Modern Blasphemy of the Holy Spirit".
  22. ^ MacArthur, John (October 23, 2011). "The Modern Blasphemy of the Holy Spirit". Grace to You. Retrieved June 3, 2015.
  23. ^ MacArthu, John. "The Temporary Sign Gifts, Part 3". Grace to You. Retrieved December 28, 2013.
  24. ^ MacArthur, John. "Reexamining the Eternal Sonship of Christ". gty.org. Retrieved January 19, 2021.
  25. ^ "The Loving Husband: A Portrait of Christ". www.gty.org. Retrieved April 10, 2017.
  26. ^ Grace to You. "God's High Call for Women". gty.org.
  27. ^ Grace to You. "Should Women Teach in Church?". gty.org.
  28. ^ Grace to You. "Can Women Exercise Authority in the Church?". gty.org.
  29. ^ MacArthur, John. "What is dispensationalism? And what is your position, from Scripture, on the subject?".
  30. ^ Mayhue, Richard. "New Covenant Theology and Futuristic Premillennialism". Archived from the original on September 17, 2017.
  31. ^ Vlach, Michael. "New Covenant Theology Compared With Covenantalism". Archived from the original on September 17, 2017.
  32. ^ MacArthur, John. "Why Every Calvinist Should Be a Premillennialist, Part 1".
  33. ^ MacArthur, John (1994). The Gospel According to Jesus. ISBN 0-310-39491-0.
  34. ^ "I.F.C.A. Meeting (6-26-89), Part 1". Grace to You.
  35. ^ John MacArthur (2001), The Battle For The Beginning, Nelson, archived from the original on July 6, 2011, retrieved May 18, 2011
  36. ^ "How Important Is Genesis 1-3?". Grace to you official website. August 27, 2009. Archived from the original on December 25, 2014. Retrieved December 25, 2014.
  37. ^ https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=_ix_eHfGYuA
  38. ^ "Social Injustice and the Gospel". Grace to You.
  39. ^ Buttel, Cameron (May 9, 2016). "Unqualified, Not Unworthy". Grace To You. Retrieved November 25, 2019.
  40. ^ MacArthur, John. "Go Home Beth Moore". YouTube. Retrieved November 24, 2019.
  41. ^ Moore, Beth. "Tweet from October 21, 2019".
  42. ^ Cosgrove, Jaclyn (November 8, 2020). "L.A. megachurch pastor mocks pandemic health orders, even as church members fall ill". Los Angeles Times. Retrieved August 30, 2021.
  43. ^ Cosgrove, Jaclyn (August 27, 2021). "L.A. County could pay $400,000 settlement to church that fought COVID-19 mandates". Los Angeles Times. Retrieved August 30, 2021.
  44. ^ https://www.standingforfreedom.com/2021/09/01/john-macarthur-and-grace-community-church-win-800000-settlement-from-california-and-l-a-county/
  45. ^ "Questions and Answers -- Patricia MacArthur". www.biblebb.com. Retrieved August 10, 2017.
  46. ^ "John MacArthur". www.gracechurch.org. Retrieved August 10, 2017.

Further reading[edit]

  • Jones, Karen (November–December 2009). "John MacArthur: Unleashing God's Truth—One Verse at a Time". Bible Study Magazine. 2 (1): 10–14.
  • John MacArthur: Servant of the Word and Flock, Iain H. Murray
  • Seven Leaders: Pastors and Teachers, by Iain H. Murray

External links[edit]