John Grey, 2nd Baron Grey de Wilton

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Arms of the 2nd Baron Grey de Wilton

John Grey, 2nd Baron Grey of Wilton (d. 28 October 1323) was an English nobleman and administrator.

He was the son of Reginald de Grey, 1st Baron Grey de Wilton and his wife Maud de Verdun (or Maud daughter and heir of William Baron FitzHugh). His first office was as vice-justice of Chester from 1296 to 1297.[1]

He participated in the siege and capture of Caerlaverock Castle in July 1300. During the siege the English heralds composed a roll of arms, the Roll of Caerlaverock, in the form of verses of poetry, each describing the feats of valour of each noble and knight present, with a blazon of his armorials. In the Caerlaverock Poem at K 62, Grey's arms are recorded as BARREE silver at the Asur entaillie o bende red engreellie.[2] His arms are blazoned in two additional ancient sources: The Galloway Roll, GA 104 (Sir Jehan de Grey, barre d'argent et d'asur a une bende engreslee de gueules);[3] and St George's Roll, E 141 (Joan de Grey Barry of six argent and azure a bend indented gules).[4] Whether the bend was engrailed or indented in the early 14th century is not significant to modern heralds because no descendant was recorded as displaying it. Since at least the 19th century his arms have been blazoned: Barry of six argent and azure overall a bend indented gules, while his descendent "Lords Grey of Wilton" displayed: Barry of six argent and azure in chief three torteaux over all a label of three points argent, i.e. Grey of Codnor (the more senior branch of the family) with a white label (as a canting reference) for difference. [5]

He was summoned to Parliament from 1309 to 1322. His first parliamentary appointment was that of Lord Ordainer in 1310, and was followed by the grant in 1311 of Ruthin Castle, which passed to his younger son Roger de Grey. He was at the Battle of Bannockburn, where the English army took a heavy defeat. Nonetheless he was trusted by Edward II who was confident in the appointment as Justice of North Wales in Feb 1314/15 and Governor of Caernarfon Castle.[6] He was relieved of his constabulatory responsibilities the following year and called to raise troops in response to the insurrection led by Llywelyn Bren.

He served as Conservator of the peace for Bedfordshire in 1320. In 1322, he was commanded to raise troops in Wales and join the royal muster at Coventry.

Family[edit]

Lord de Grey married Anne, daughter of Sir William Ferrers of Groby, Leicestershire although this has never been proven, and leaving:

Secondly, he married Maud, daughter of Ralph Basset (died 1265) and Margaret, daughter of Roger Someri, feudal Lord of Dudley. They had:

Lord de Grey died 28 October 1323.

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ later doctrine doubts the veracity of the Grey peerages on the basis that they predate an official start date for Parliaments given as 1397, hence creations by writ of summons. Modern doctrine also dispenses with de Ruthin and de Wilton, preferring "of", although they undoubtedly spoke French at least until the period of Hundred Years Wars.

References[edit]

  1. ^ The Thirty-First Annual Report of the Deputy Keeper of the Public Records, p. 202, (London, 1870). Printed by George E. Etek and William Spottiswoode, Printers to the Queen's most Excellent Majesty.
  2. ^ Wright, Thomas (1864). The Roll of arms of the princes, barons, and knights who attended King Edward I. to the Siege of Caerlaverock in 1300. London: J.C. Hotten. pp. 2–3 – via archive.org. 
  3. ^ Timms: Galloway Roll
  4. ^ Timms: St George's Roll
  5. ^ Sir Bernard Burke (1884). The General Armory of England, Scotland, Ireland and Wales; comprising a registry of armorial bearings from the earliest to the present time. (London: Harrison). p. 427. 
  6. ^ Breese's Calendars of Gwynedd p. 125, (London, 1873).

Bibliography[edit]

  1. George Edward Cokayne, The Complete Peerage, Vol. II, p. 3; Vol. VI, pp. 151, 173-174.
  2. Burke's Peerage, 1938, p. 1162.
  3. OFHS Newsletter, December 1995, p. 92.
  4. Douglas Richardson, Plantagenet Ancestry, pp. 501, 620, 764-765.
  5. Douglas Richardson, Plantagenet Ancestry: 2nd Edition, Vol. III, pp. 100, 147.
  6. Douglas Richardson, Magna Carta Ancestry, 2nd Edition, Vol. I, p. 241.
  7. Douglas Richardson, Magna Carta Ancestry, 2nd Edition, Vol. II, p. 271.
  8. Douglas Richardson, Magna Carta Ancestry, 2nd Edition, Vol. IV, pp. 22, 341-342.
  9. Douglas Richardson, Royal Ancestry, Vol. I, p. 421.
  10. Douglas Richardson, Royal Ancestry, Vol. III, p. 123.
  11. Douglas Richardson, Royal Ancestry, Vol. IV, p. 94.
  12. Douglas Richardson, Royal Ancestry, Vol. V, pp. 6-7, 367-368.


Peerage of England
Preceded by
Reginald de Grey
Baron Grey de Wilton
1308–1323
Succeeded by
Henry Grey