John II, Duke of Lorraine

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Jean d'Anjou, medal by Francesco Laurana

John II of Anjou (Nancy, August 2, 1426[1] – December 16, 1470, Barcelona) was Duke of Lorraine from 1453 to his death. He was the son of René of Anjou and Isabella, Duchess of Lorraine.[2]

Life[edit]

John inherited the duchy from his mother, Duchess Isabelle, during the life of his father, Duke René of Anjou, also Duke of Lorraine and titular king of Naples. As heir-apparent of Naples, he was styled the Duke of Calabria, and spent most of his time engaging in plots for the Angevin recovery of Naples. In 1460, he decisively defeated the king of Naples Ferdinand at Nola,[3] but was unable to prevent others from coming to his aid. He was defeated at Troia in 1462[4] and at Ischia in 1465. In 1466, the Catalans chose his father as King of Aragon, and he was created Prince of Girona, as heir-apparent. He went into Catalonia to press the family's claims, but died, supposedly by poison, in Barcelona.

He married in 1444 Marie de Bourbon (1428–1448),[2] daughter of Charles I, Duke of Bourbon. They had:

  1. Isabelle (b. 1445), d. young
  2. René (b. 1446), d. young
  3. Marie (b. 1447), d. young
  4. Jean (d. 1471),
  5. Nicholas (1448–1473)[2]

He also had several illegitimate children:

  • John (d. 1504), Count of Briey, married Nancy St. Georges
  • Albert, seigneur d'Essey
  • Jeanne d'Abancourt, married Achille, Bastard of Beauveu
  • a daughter named Marguerite
  • another daughter, married Jean d'Ecosse

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Kekewich 2008, p. 26.
  2. ^ a b c Kekewich 2008, p. xiv.
  3. ^ Kekewich 2008, p. 73.
  4. ^ Kekewich 2008, p. 75.

Sources[edit]

  • Kekewich, Margaret L. (2008). The Good King: René of Anjou and Fifteenth Century Europe. Palgrave Macmillan.
John II, Duke of Lorraine
Born: 1425 Died: 16 December 1470
Regnal titles
Preceded by
Isabella and René I
Duke of Lorraine
1453–1470
Succeeded by
Nicholas I
Preceded by
René I
Duke of Calabria
titular from 1442

1435–1470
Marquis of Pont-à-Mousson
1444–1470
Spanish royalty
Preceded by
Charles of Viana
— TITULAR —
Prince of Girona
1466–1470
Succeeded by
Ferdinand of Aragon