John Woodward Philip
|John Woodward Philip|
August 26, 1840|
Kinderhook, New York
|Died||June 30, 1900
New York City
|Allegiance||United States of America|
|Service/branch||United States Navy|
|Years of service||1856–1900|
2nd Squadron, North Atlantic Fleet
|Battles/wars||American Civil War
During the Civil War, he served in Santee, Marion and Sonoma until September 1862 when he was ordered to Chippewa, attached to the South Atlantic Blockading Squadron. While serving in Chippewa, he was wounded during operations against Charleston, South Carolina, in July 1863. Philip served as executive officer of the steam sloop Wachusett under Commander Robert Townsend and assumed command upon Townsend's death from heat stroke in China on 15 August 1866. Later he commanded the battleship Texas from 18 October 1897 to 29 August 1898.
During the Spanish–American War, his ship, with the cruiser Marblehead, led the attack and silenced the fort on Cayo del Toro, Guantanamo Bay, on 15 June 1898. On 3 July 1898, in command of Texas, he participated in the Battle of Santiago de Cuba, in which Pascual Cervera y Topete's Spanish Fleet was destroyed off Santiago de Cuba. During the battle, upon watching the burning of the Spanish cruiser Vizcaya, he famously told his men "Don't cheer, boys. The poor devils are dying."  He was advanced five numbers in grade on 10 August 1898 for eminent and conspicuous service in battle. From 3 September 1898 until 28 December 1898, he served as Commander of the 2nd Squadron, North Atlantic Fleet, flying his broad pennant in the armored cruiser New York.
Later career and death
Commencing 14 January 1899, he was in command of the New York Navy Yard and Naval Station, and was promoted to rear admiral on 3 March 1899. While serving in this duty, Admiral Philip died suddenly on 30 June 1900.
- "Kinderhook, New York". City-Data.com. Retrieved July 23, 2014.
- This article incorporates text from the public domain Dictionary of American Naval Fighting Ships. The entry can be found here.