Woodruff Place, Indianapolis
A private residence in Woodruff Place
|Architectural style||Late 19th and 20th Century Revivals, Late Victorian|
|NRHP reference #||72000012 |
|Added to NRHP||July 31, 1972|
Woodruff Place is a neighborhood in Indianapolis located about a mile east of Downtown Indianapolis. It was established in the 1870s by developer James O. Woodruff as an early suburb of Indianapolis. Woodruff Place's boundaries are: 10th Street on the north, Woodruff Place West Drive on the west, Michigan Street on the south, and Woodruff Place East Drive on the east. This community was an independent municipality and maintained autonomy, even as the City of Indianapolis grew and expanded around the neighborhood, enclosing the community well within the city limits. Woodruff Place was incorporated in 1876 and remained an independent town until 1962 when it became one of the final municipalities to be annexed by the City of Indianapolis prior to the merger of city and county governments in 1969.
Woodruff Place is bounded on the west by the campus of Arsenal Technical High School, which opened in 1912 on the former site of the Indianapolis Arsenal, and which still uses several historic buildings from the arsenal.
Woodruff Place was once considered to be one of Indianapolis's more affluent neighborhoods before beginning a gradual decline as the automobile led to the development of newer upscale subdivisions beginning in the late 1910s. By the 1950s many of the grand homes had been subdivided into apartments; previously, the neighborhood had only a modest collection of duplexes and smaller apartment buildings which were added beginning in the early 1910s. The neighborhood reached its lowest point in the 1960s, prompting community organizing in the early 1970s to encourage neighborhood revitalization. The 1980s and 1990s saw extensive neighborhood rehabilitation, and Woodruff Place is now considered a highly desirable historic inner-city address. Its design reflects the developer's plan to build a prestigious enclave. Most of the homes in Woodruff Place are expansive, Victorian style homes from the late 19th century. The layout of the neighborhood is simple; three drives that run north-south (appropriately named East, West, and Middle) and a cross drive (not surprisingly, named Cross Drive). The streets are lined with magnolia and oak trees and have a central median. A fountain sits at each one of the intersections. Smaller fountains line the medians.
Woodruff Place was the inspiration behind Indianapolis native Booth Tarkington's successful novel The Magnificent Ambersons. Artist T. C. Steele's son Brandt, a noted designer and architect in his own right, and his family were also Woodruff Place residents, living in a home designed by Brandt Steele.
James O. Woodruff also created "Hendricks Place." In the spring of 1872, Thomas A. Hendricks was elected governor of Indiana. He sold his property to Woodruff, who then created his first Victorian neighborhood, "Hendricks Place". In the fall of that year, Woodruff created "Woodruff Place," but few homes were built because a depression in 1873 stopped construction in both neighborhoods for almost twenty years.
In 1972, Woodruff Place was added to the National Register of Historic Places. In 2001, the neighborhood was officially designated a local historic preservation district by the City of Indianapolis.
- "National Register Information System". National Register of Historic Places. National Park Service. March 15, 2006.
- "Indiana State Historic Architectural and Archaeological Research Database (SHAARD)" (Searchable database). Department of Natural Resources, Division of Historic Preservation and Archaeology. Retrieved 2016-08-01. Note: This includes Nellie M. Coates (March 1972). "National Register of Historic Places Inventory Nomination Form: Woodruff Place Historic District" (PDF). Retrieved 2016-08-01., Site Map, and Accompanying photographs
- V. F. Perkins. (August 2000). "The Magnificent Ambersons (book review)". University of Nottingham. Retrieved 2008-07-13.
Woodruff Place in Indianapolis, Indiana can't be found on a tourist map, but it would probably interest anyone who is familiar with Orson Welles's adaptation of Booth Tarkington's The Magnificent Ambersons
- "Historic Districts". City of Indianapolis. Retrieved 2008-07-13.
Woodruff Place was the city's first "suburb" and was the setting for Booth Tarkington's Pulitzer Prize winning novel, The Magnificent Ambersons