July 30, 1912|
|Died: December 4, 1977
|April 19, 1938, for the Pittsburgh Pirates|
|Last MLB appearance|
|September 25, 1942, for the Brooklyn Dodgers|
John Costa Rizzo (July 30, 1912 – December 4, 1977) was an outfielder in Major League Baseball from 1938 to 1942. Rizzo set the Pittsburgh Pirates record for most home runs in a season, with 23 in his rookie year of 1938. As of 2008[update], Rizzo still holds the Pirates record for most RBIs in a game, with nine.
In 1938, Rizzo's rookie season with the Pirates, he ended the season with a .301 batting average and 111 runs batted in. His 167 hits including 31 doubles, nine triples and 23 home runs. Rizzo set a Pirate record for home runs that lasted until Ralph Kiner tied Rizzo with 23 in 1946 and took sole possession with 51 in the 1947 season. Rizzo held the Pirate rookie record with Kiner until Jason Bay hit 26 in his first season in 2004. The Rookie of the Year Award had not yet been established, but Rizzo finished sixth in the balloting for National League Most Valuable Player in his inaugural season, an award won by Ernie Lombardi the Cincinnati Reds. Rizzo was third in the National League in runs batted in, fifth in home runs, sixth in runs scored (with 97) and ninth in hits.
Rizzo's batting went into a slump in the 1939 season, which he finished with a .261 average, six home runs and 55 RBI. That season's bright spot was in the second game of a doubleheader against the St. Louis Cardinals on May 30, 1939, when he hit nine RBI in a game with two home runs, leading the Pirates to a 14–8 win to salvage a split of the twin bill. Rizzo went five-for-six in the game, helping to singlehandedly erase a seven-run Cardinals lead. The nine RBI by Rizzo set a Pirates single game team record that hasn't been broken in almost 70 years.
Rizzo continued his slump into the 1940 season, hitting for a .261 average in nine games with the Pirates. He was traded by the Pirates to the Cincinnati Reds on May 8, 1940 in exchange for outfielder Vince DiMaggio. Rizzo perked up with the Reds, hitting for a .282 average and four home runs in 31 games with the team. In turn, the Reds traded Rizzo to the Philadelphia Phillies on June 15, 1940 in exchange for outfielder Morrie Arnovich. Rizzo continued his improvement, hitting .292 with 20 home runs in 103 games over the remainder of the season with the Phillies. Between the three teams, Rizzo finished the 1940 season with a .283 batting average, 24 home runs and 72 RBI. Rizzo finished in third place in the National League for home runs that season. He received three points in voting for the NL's Most Valuable Player that season, enough to tie him for 29th place in the balloting.
Rizzo played the entire 1941 season for the Phillies, finishing with a .217 average and four home runs in 99 games. After the season, he was purchased by the Brooklyn Dodgers on December 10, 1941 from Philadelphia.
He played 78 games for the Dodgers in the 1942 season, finishing with a .230 batting average and four home runs in 99 games. He played the final game of his Major League career that year on September 25.
- Finoli, David; and Ranier, Bill. "The Pittsburgh Pirates Encyclopedia", p. 388, via Google Books. Accessed November 17, 2008. "Jensen... was finally replaced in the Pittsburgh outfield by rookie Johnny Rizzo, who set the Pirate home run record with 23 while knocking in 11 runs in his freshman campaign."
- Johnny Rizzo, Baseball-Reference.com. Accessed November 17, 2008.
- Reichler, Joe via Associated Press, "New Pirate Home Run Mark Set: Kiner Breaks Record First Set by Rizzo", Evening Independent, July 24, 1947. Accessed November 17, 2008.
- Vass, George. "Baseball Digest's 2004 all-star: rookie team: top first-year players in the majors last season include Jason Bay of the Pirates and Bobby Crosby of the Athletics.", Baseball Digest, January 2005. Accessed November 17, 2008.
- via Associated Press. "Pirates' Bay chosen NL rookie of year by 'Sporting News'", USA Today, October 26, 2004. Accessed November 17, 2008.
- 1938 National League Most Valuable Player Award, Baseball-Reference.com. Accessed November 17, 2008.
- 1938 National League Expanded Leaderboards, Baseball-Reference.com. Accessed November 17, 2008.
- Staff. "Cards Win, 7–2, Lose, 14–8 To Pittsburgh", The Washington Post, May 31, 1939. Accessed November 17, 2008.
- Staff. "CARDS BREAK EVEN WITH THE PIRATES; Triumph With Warneke, 7–2, but Fall in Nightcap, 14–8, as Rizzo Bats in 9 Runs", The New York Times, May 31, 1939. Accessed November 17, 2008.
- Single Game Records, Pittsburgh Pirates. Accessed November 17, 2008.
- 1940 National League Expanded Leaderboards, Baseball-Reference.com. Accessed November 17, 2008.
- 1940 National League Most Valuable Player Award, Baseball-Reference.com. Accessed November 17, 2008.
- Staff. Briefs, Time (magazine), December 14, 1942. Accessed November 17, 2008.