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|Time zone||IST (UTC+5:30)|
Jonai is the easternmost sub-division of Dhemaji District, about 554 km from the state capital, Guwahati. It is located at 27.83°N, 95.22°E. Covering a total Geographical area of 1111.81 km2, it is bounded by Arunachal Pradesh in the north, Lali & Brahmaputra River in the south, Sipiya river & Sadiya Subdivision of Tinsukia district in the east and Simen River in the west. The headquarters is at 95.160 E and 27.770 N. The Sub-division comprises with one Development Block named by Murkong Selek Tribal Development Block, One Revenue Circle named by Jonai Revenue Circle and 15 Nos. of Gaon Panchayats. According to 2001 census, the population of Jonai is 143,199. Jonai has a literacy rate of 64.9% according to the census 2001. But currently it has literacy rate above the national level.
Jonai is part of Lakhimpur (Lok Sabha constituency). Jonai is a Vidhan Sabha Constituency. It has its own Member of Legislative Assembly (MLA) which is a reserved seat for Schedule Tribe quota. Jonai comes under the Mishing Autonomous Council (MAC) area. The most popular political parties are Indian National Congress (INC), Sanmilita Ganasakthi Asom (SGSA), Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP), Asom Gana Parishad (AGP) etc.
Jonai is a small town which lies on the border of Arunachal Pradesh state. It connects to the rest of the country through national highway no 52. It is also the last railway station of the Indian Railways which stretches towards the east. The name of the railway station is Murkong Selek.
Jonai is mostly inhabited by the Mishing the second largest tribal group in Assam. About 95% of inhabitant are Mishing community and only 5% belong to other community according to 2011 Census of India. The literacy rate of Jonai is much higher than the national level. Ali Ai Ligang is a local festival. On that day they prepare a local home made rice beer known as 'Apong', available in two varieties i.e. NOGIN and PO:RO. Also they serve their guests with Purang apin, pe:red oying and 'E.g. adin ba:nam' (roasted pork). On the eve of Ali Ai Ligang the Mishing girls and boys dress in traditional dress. The festival is celebrated with performing dance and singing mishing bihu song. Another Festival like Dobur and Porag are mostly celebrated along with national festival like Bihu, Durga Puja, Lakhsmi Puja, Diwali etc. Agriculture, Hand loom and Services are the main source of earning among the people here.
Nature and tourism
A forest reserve named Poba is situated on the banks of the river Brahmaputra near 'Tinmile Ghat' and Bogibeel Ghat from where ferry and boat services sail to Dibrugarh. Teenmile Ghat is used as a picnic spot and has view of the Brahmaputra and a part of the Himalayan Range. There are also other picnic spots surrounding Jonai, in the Arunachal Pradesh area. Tourists are accommodated at the 'Circuit House' and the local government tourist lodge. There are shops in the Jonai Bazar area, and - while night life is minimal - there are some 'watering holes' around town.
The nearest airport is at Lilabari in North Lakhimpur and Mohanbari Airport (Dibrugarh) from where direct flights are available to and fro Guwahati and Delhi. But only a few flights are available weekly.
Jonai is connected via the Indian Railways network. Murkongselek is the last station of the Northeast Frontier Railway Zone of the Indian Railways. It is being planned to extend it up to Pasighat (Arunachal Pradesh). After that direct trains from New Delhi would be made available.
Jonai is also connected by road, and is near the National Highway 52. The road to Jonai lies through a valley behind the Arunachal Hills. Routes are served by buses of Assam State Transport Corporation (ASTC) and other privately owned buses like Blue Hill Travels, Network Tarvels, Royal Tours & Travels and maxi cabs which runs from ISBT Guwahati and Paltan Bazar Guwahati to reach Jonai. It is connected to Arunachal Pradesh through NH 52 and Dibrugarh through boat and Ferry. After the completion of Bogibeel bridge Jonai will be connected in every direction. 24 hours bus services are available in the sub division along with small sumo services.
Ferry and transport services are available at Bogibeel Ghat about 67 km from Jonai, Tinmile Ghat, about 8 kilometers from Jonai Bazar, and Singajan Ghat (commonly called Majorbari Ghat), about 6 kilometers from Simen Chapori. Due to lack of medical colleges and good hospitals in Dhemaji, people travel to Dibrugarh, via these river ports.
|Climate data for Jonai|
|Average high °C (°F)||26.5
|Average low °C (°F)||9.3
|Average rainfall mm (inches)||42.8
|Average rainy days||3.7||7.0||10.2||13.0||13.8||19.0||22.0||15.5||15.0||7.6||2.1||2.2||131.1|
|Source: India Meteorological Department|
Jonai is part of Lakhimpur (Lok Sabha constituency).
- "List of Parliamentary & Assembly Constituencies" (PDF). Assam. Election Commission of India. Retrieved 2008-10-06.