Church of St-Léger, Joué-sur-Erdre
|Region||Pays de la Loire|
|• Mayor (2008–2014)||Jean-Pierre Belleil|
|Area1||54.53 km2 (21.05 sq mi)|
|• Density||35/km2 (90/sq mi)|
|Time zone||CET (GMT +1) (UTC+1)|
|• Summer (DST)||CEST (UTC+2)|
|INSEE/Postal code||44077 /44440|
|Elevation||7–66 m (23–217 ft)
(avg. 37 m or 121 ft)
1 French Land Register data, which excludes lakes, ponds, glaciers > 1 km² (0.386 sq mi or 247 acres) and river estuaries.2 Population without double counting: residents of multiple communes (e.g., students and military personnel) only counted once.
People from Joué-sur-Erdre are called Jovéens (men) and Jovéennes (women).
- 1 Etymology
- 2 Geography
- 3 History
- 4 Economy
- 5 Politics and administration
- 6 Population and society
- 7 Culture and heritage
- 8 See also
- 9 References
- 10 External links
The name of Joué-sur-Erdre comes from the Latin word Jovis (Jupiter) and the Celtic word erdam (little river). Its Breton name is Yaoued. The Breton name of the people from Yaoued is Yaouedad (for men) and Yaouedadez (for women).
The commune is, as the crow flies, 318 km of Paris.
The highest point in the city is 66 meters above the sea level, the deepest one is seven meters above. The mean elevation is 37 meters above the sea level.
The lake Vioreau was extended in 1835 to reach 200 ha.
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Although the highest point of the commune is 66 meters above the sea level, the mean level is 37 meters. That is to say that the commune is concerned by the global warming and the elevation of the sea level.
Communications and transports
The RN 178, running from east/west, crosses Joué-sur-Erdre.
The hamlet of Gros Breil is crossed by railway tracks.
The nearest airport is in Ancenis.
|North-West: Abbaretz||North: La Meilleraye-de-Bretagne||North-East: Riaillé|
|West: Saffré||Joué-sur-Erdre||East: Trans-sur-Erdre|
|South-West: Nort-sur-Erdre||South: Les Touches||South-East: Trans-sur-Erdre|
In the 9th century, to shield the country from Norman invasion waves, a fort called Alon was built on what is now known as Joué-sur-Erdre.
At the beginning of the 13th century, the castel of Vioreau and its neighbouring lands were called "Joué" referring to the lord who lived in, Hervé de Joué. In this time, Joué was the heart of the greatest seigniory near Nantes with a surface reaching twenty parishes in the 16th century. It was later assimilated in the Barony of Chateaubriant.
Two castels are still existing in the parish, Lucinière and la Chauvelière. In the first one used to live the bishops of Nantes from the 15th to the 16th centuries. The castel of la Chauvelière used to belong to the Brittany chancellor.
On 30 May 1847, the village took its current name of Joué-sur-Erdre.
In 2004, only eight firms were created in Joué-sur-Erdre, which place the village to the 5,071st position.
In 1999, the labor force reached 671 people. The unemployment rate of the village was 10,4%.
|Farmers||Craftsmen, storekeepers, business managers||Cadre, Intellectual||Professions intermédiaires
|Data : INSEE|
Politics and administration
Political tendencies and results
French European Constitution referendum of 2005
French presidential election of 2007
During the first round Nicolas Sarkozy obtained 27,74% of the votes and Ségolène Royal obtained 25,12%. During the second round 53,06% of the votes were obtained by des voix furent remportées par Nicolas Sarkozy against 46,94% for Ségolène Royal. The participation rate was 86,48% (nationwide : 83,97%) and spoilt vote represented 3,75% of the electors (nationwide : 4,20%).
French legislative election of 2007
Joué-sur-Erdre is part of the Loire-Atlantique's 5th constituency.
During the second round Michel Ménard was elected.
|Michel Ménard||PS||51,11 %||36,891|
|Robert Diat||UMP||48,89 %||35,292|
French municipal elections of 2008
Joué-sur-Erdre's population is between 1500 and 2500 inhabitants, thus they elect 19 counsellors.
The new mayor is Jean-Pierre Belleil.
List of mayors
|1800 - 1809||Eugène François Roussel|
|1815 - December 13, 1820||Aimé-Désiré Anneau||Notary. Dead on December 13, 1820, he was 38.|
|1821 - January 1833||François Priou||Geometrician|
|February 1833 - August 1840||Jacques-Désiré Marbin|
|August 1840 - June - 1844||Pierre Guillaume Louis Calice||Châtelain de l'Auvinière|
|November 1844 - September 1870||Marc Jacques Pierre Nouais|
|May 1871 - 1878||Jean-Baptiste Nouais|
|March 1878 - ?||Amaury de Goyon Matignon de Marcé||Marquis. Mayor during 1881, 1886 and 1891 censuses.|
|?||Mr Nouais||Mayor during 1896 and 1901 censuses.|
|?||Amaury de Goyon||?||Marquis. Mayor during 1906 census and in 1918.|
|? - March 2001||Isabelle Le Gualès de Mézaubran|
|March 2001 - March 2008||Hervé Lubert||DVD|
|March 2008 - in office||Jean-Pierre Belleil||Farmer|
Joué-sur-Erdre do not have a twin city.
Population and society
From 1836 to 1931
From 1836 to 1931, the population of Joué-sur-Erdre reached nearly 3,000 inhabitants with a maximum of 2,901 inhabitants in 1891. No data is available for the 1916 census.
From 1962 to present
The demographic evolution of Joué-sur-Erdre can be evaluated by the INSEE only since 1962.
There are 669 households in Joué-sur-Erdre. The table below shows the size of these households.
|People :||1 person||2 people||3 p.||4 p.||5 p.||6 p. or +|
|Sources des données : INSEE|
There are two schools in Joué-sur-Erdre : the École primaire privée Saint Louis de Gonzague and the École Roger et Renée Jolivot.
Joué-sur-Erdre is home to a Fire and Emergency Center.
There are 863 housing units in Joué-sur-Erdre. Among these 77,5% are main homes .
Moreover, 77,1% of the households own their home.
Culture and heritage
Monuments and tourist places
The castel of Vioreau ; built in 1202. It remains only ruins.
The castel of la Chauvelière, 17th and 19th centuries, used to be own by the Brittany chancellor.
Vestiges of the fountain Saint-Léger from 17th-18th centuries
The houses of workers (1717) are in La Vallée.
The city hall is located in an old presbytery built by Father Tiger in 1784. It is the city hall since 1987.
There are two churches in Joué-sur-Erdre :
- the église Saint-Léger of Joué built in 1883.
- the église de Notre-Dame-des-Langueurs, (also called Notre-Dame de la Pitié) built in the beginning of the 20th century.See The works of Jean Fréour. Sculptor of work in Notre-Dame-des-Langueurs church.
|The coat of arms of Joué-sur-Erdre is blazonned : D'or à la bande ondée d'azur.|
Each year the commune celebrate the "Pardon".
Sports and leisure activities
The lake Vioreau allows people to practice several sport activities such as water sports with the ASS Cercle de Voile de Vioreau.
- "Étymologie et histoire de Joué-sur-Erdre". infobretagne.com. Retrieved March 15, 2009.
- "Quelles seront les principales communes concernées par l'élévation du niveau de la mer dans le département loire-atlantique, suite au réchauffement climatique ?". sos-climat.com (in French). Retrieved March 24, 2009.
- Map showing what happen if the sea level rose of 14 meters.
- "Recensement de la population française de mars 1999, fiche profil métropole (population acctive par sexe, âge et type d'activité)". INSEE. March 1999. Retrieved March 29, 2009.
- (French) Données démographiques d'après l'INSEE compulsées par le 
- Source : JdN
- Source : JdN
- Source : JdN
- "Liste des sites classés". site de la préfecture de la Loire-Atlantique. Archived from the original on December 6, 2008. Retrieved March 19, 2009.
- "Sites Classés et Inscrits". site du ministère de l'écologie, Direction Régionale de l'Environnement des Pays de la Loire. Retrieved March 19, 2009.
- Data : INSEE
- Insee Data - (French) Revenus des ménages de la commune
- "Établissements scolaires à Joué-sur-Erdre". aucoeurdesecoles.com. Retrieved March 15, 2009.
- Estate, source JdN
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