Davide penitente, K. 469 (also Davidde penitente), is a cantata by Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart, to texts by Saverio Mattei. The cantata was commissioned by the Wiener Tonkünstler-Societät, and first performed on 13 March 1785 in the Vienna Burgtheater. Most of the music is derived from the unfinished Great Mass in C minor, K. 427 (1782–83), although two arias (A te, fra tanti affanni and Fra l'oscure ombre funeste) and a cadenza for the last movement (Chi in dio sol spera) were newly composed for the work.
It has a duration of approximately 45 minutes.
Authorship of text
The text was previously attributed to Lorenzo Da Ponte, following a report by Vincent Novello. However, it is now known that the text is taken from Italian translations of the psalms by Saverio Mattei (1742–95).
- Michael Quinn, "Cantata," The Cambridge Mozart Encyclopedia, ed. Cliff Eisen and Simon P. Keefe (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2006), 59–60.
- Geistliche Gesangwerke in Neue Mozart Ausgabe (1987), vol. I/IV/iii, p. XIV
- Saverio Mattei, I Libri Poetici Della Bibbia, 5 vols, Naples: Simoniana, 1766–1774.
- Davide penitente: Score and critical report (German) in the Neue Mozart-Ausgabe
- Sample of the text in the original Mattei print
- Text zur Passions-Musik "Ein Lämmlein geht und trägt die Schuld etc." von C. H. Graun, und zur Cantate "Davidde penitente" (Der büßende David) von W. A. Mozart. Berlin: Hayn, 1840.
- Davidde Penitente, K.469: Scores at the International Music Score Library Project
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