Kansas Amendment 1

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Kansas Proposed Amendment 1,[1] which was put before voters on April 5, 2005,[2] is an amendment to the Kansas Constitution that makes it unconstitutional for the state to recognize or perform same-sex marriages or civil unions. The referendum was approved by 70% of the voters.[3]

The amendment states:[4]

(a) The marriage contract is to be considered in law as a civil contract. Marriage shall be constituted by one man and one woman only. All other marriages are declared to be contrary to the public policy of this state and are void. (b) No relationship, other than a marriage, shall be recognized by the state as entitling the parties to the rights or incidents of marriage.


  1. ^ Rothschild, Scott (2006-02-03). "Gay marriage ban in public's hands". Lawrence Journal-World. Archived from the original on 2006-05-23. Retrieved 2006-12-22. 
  2. ^ Hann, John (6 April 2005). "Kansans vote to ban same-sex marriage". Boston.com. Retrieved 11 May 2013. 
  3. ^ Election Statistics, Kansas Secretary of State. Retrieved on December 22, 2006.
  4. ^ Kansas Constition, Article Fifteen, section 16. Retrieved on October 9, 2014.

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