21 July 1926|
|Died||25 November 2002
Camden, London, England
|Spouse(s)||Julia Coppard (divorced; 3 children)
Betsy Blair (1963–2002; his death)
Karel Reisz (21 July 1926 – 25 November 2002) was a British filmmaker who was active in post–World War II Britain, and one of the pioneers of the new realist strain in British cinema during the 1950s and 1960s.
Reisz was born in Ostrava, Czechoslovakia of Jewish extraction. He was a refugee, one of the 669 rescued by Sir Nicholas Winton. His father was a lawyer. He came to England in 1938, speaking almost no English, but eradicated his foreign accent as quickly as possible. After attending Leighton Park School, he joined the Royal Air Force toward the end of the war; his parents died at Auschwitz. Following his war service, he read Natural Sciences at Emmanuel College, Cambridge, and began to write for film journals, including Sight and Sound. He co-founded Sequence with Lindsay Anderson and Gavin Lambert in 1947.
Reisz was a founder member of the Free Cinema documentary film movement. His first short film Momma Don't Allow (1955), co-directed with Tony Richardson, was included in the first Free Cinema program shown at the National Film Theatre in February 1956. His film We Are the Lambeth Boys (1959) was a naturalistic depiction of the members of a South London boys' club, which was unusual in showing the leisure life of working-class teenagers as it was, with skiffle music and cigarettes, cricket, drawing and discussion groups. The film represented Britain at the Venice Film Festival. The BBC made two follow-up films about the same people and youth club, broadcast in 1985.
His first feature film Saturday Night and Sunday Morning (1960) was based on the social-realism novel by Alan Sillitoe, and used many of the same techniques as his earlier documentaries. In particular, scenes filmed at the Raleigh factory in Nottingham have the look of a documentary, and give the story a vivid sense of verisimilitude. The film won the Grand Award for Best Feature Film at the 1961 Mar del Plata International Film Festival.
He later produced Anderson's This Sporting Life (1963) and directed Morgan: A Suitable Case For Treatment (1966) adapted by David Mercer from his 1962 television play. Isadora (1968), a biography of dancer Isadora Duncan, with a screenplay by Melvyn Bragg starred Vanessa Redgrave. In the following decade he made The Gambler (1974) and Who'll Stop the Rain (1978).
The French Lieutenant's Woman (1981) was probably the most successful of his later films. Adapted from the John Fowles novel by Harold Pinter, it starred Jeremy Irons and Meryl Streep. His last films for the cinema were Sweet Dreams (1985), based on the life of country singer Patsy Cline, and Everybody Wins (1990), with a screenplay by Arthur Miller and based on his play. He was a patron of the British Film Institute. His standard textbook The Technique of Film Editing was first published in 1953.
- Saturday Night and Sunday Morning (1960)
- Night Must Fall (1964)
- Morgan! (1966)
- Isadora (1968)
- The Gambler (1974)
- Who'll Stop the Rain (1978)
- The French Lieutenant's Woman (1981)
- Sweet Dreams (1985)
- Everybody Wins (1990)
- Momma Don't Allow 1955 (documentary)
- We Are the Lambeth Boys 1958 (documentary)
- March to Aldermaston 1959 (documentary) about the first of the Aldermaston Marches
- Adventure Story (1961) (6 episodes)
- Performance (TV Series) (1 episode) (1994)
- Deaths England and Wales 1984–2006
- Milne, Tom; "Obituary: Karel Reisz" Guardian.co.uk, 28 November 2002 (Retrieved: 3 July 2009)
- Gardner, Colin (2006). Karel Reisz. Oxford Road, Manchester: Manchester University Press. p. 13. ISBN 0719075483.
- Latynski, Maya (1992). Reappraising the Munich Pact: Continental Perspectives. Washington, D. C.: The Woodrom Wilson Center Press. p. 6. ISBN 0943875390.
- "Karel Reisz". London: telegraph.co.uk. 28 November 2002. Retrieved June 28, 2010.
- Newsmakers: the people behind today's headlines 2004 "After the war's end, the boys learned that both parents had died at Auschwitz, the German-run concentration camp"
- Peter Worsley. An academic skating on thin ice, Page 52, 2008. "My best friend at College, Karel Reisz, a Czech, never told me what I only learned from his recent obituary – that both of his parents had been killed at Auschwitz."
- Aufderheide, Patricia (2007). Documentary Film, A Very Short Introduction. Oxford University.
- Hill, John (1986). Sex, Class and Realise: British Cinema 1956 - 1963. London: British Film Institute. p. 128. ISBN 0851701337.
- Rule, John (1994). Saturday night and Sunday morning: time and the working classes. Southampton: University of Southampton. ISBN 0854325247.
- "Mar del Plata Awards 1961". Mar del Plata. Retrieved 25 November 2013.
- Welsh, Jim (1982). "The Man Who Made the French Lieutenant's Woman". Literature Film Quarterly. 10 (1).
- Vallance, Tom; "Karel Reisz: Director of 'Saturday Night and Sunday Morning'" Independent.co.uk, 28 November 2002 (Retrieved: 18 March 2009)