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|Municipality||Maluti a Phofung|
|• Total||12.6 km2 (4.9 sq mi)|
|Elevation||1,700 m (5,600 ft)|
|• Density||660/km2 (1,700/sq mi)|
|Racial makeup (2011)|
|• Black African||92.8%|
|First languages (2011)|
|Time zone||UTC+2 (SAST)|
Town 46 km west of Harrismith and 45 kilometres (28 mi) east of Bethlehem. The new village was laid out in 1905 on the farms Mooifontein and Driekuil, acquired from Adriaan and Johannes Bezuidenhout. It became a municipality in 1906.
Dutch Reformed Church and town's naming
It is named after the Reverend Dr. John Daniel Kestell (1854 - 1941), minister of the Dutch Reformed Church from 1894 to 1903, author and cultural leader, who played an important role in the Anglo-Boer War and later helped with the Afrikaans Bible translation. The Dutch Reformed Church building, designed by famed architect of dozens of churches and the Voortrekker Monument, Gerard Moerdijk, was inaugurated on 31 March 1928.
The township was surveyed and laid out by William Homan in 1905. To prevent jealousy he 'called the long streets after the tall members of the committee and the short streets after the short members.'When the committee insisted that Homan had a street named after him, he selected 'a rough short street' which still bears that name.
It is located 20 kilometres (12 mi) southeast from the Battle of Groenkop-site of the Second Boer War. The battle took place on 25 December 1901 when General Christiaan De Wet's Boer troops defeated a British column.
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