Khiam

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Khiam
الخيام;
City
Khiam
Khiam
Map showing the location of Deir Mimas within Lebanon
Map showing the location of Deir Mimas within Lebanon
Khiam
Location within Lebanon
Coordinates: 33°19′37.80″N 35°36′39.96″E / 33.3271667°N 35.6111000°E / 33.3271667; 35.6111000Coordinates: 33°19′37.80″N 35°36′39.96″E / 33.3271667°N 35.6111000°E / 33.3271667; 35.6111000
Grid position 137/154L
Country  Lebanon
Governorate Nabatieh Governorate
District Marjeyoun District
Elevation 695 m (2,280 ft)
Time zone EET (UTC+2)
 • Summer (DST) EEST (UTC+3)
Dialing code +961

Khiam (Arabic الخيام; sometimes spelled Khiyam) is a large town in the South Lebanon Governorate of Southern Lebanon.

Location[edit]

Khiam is situated approximately 130 kilometres (81 mi) south from the capital city of Beirut and 35 kilometres (22 mi) south-east from the city of Nabatieh. The border with Israel is 5 kilometres (3 mi) to the south. Khiam lies at a height of 800 metres (2,625 ft) above sea level.

Origin of name[edit]

E. H. Palmer wrote that the name means "The tents".[1]

History[edit]

In 1596, it was named as a village, Hiyam, in the Ottoman nahiya (subdistrict) of Tibnin under the liwa' (district) of Safad, with a population of 111 households and 7 bachelors, all Muslim. The villagers paid a tax on agricultural products, such as wheat, barley, olive trees, vineyards, goats and beehives, in addition to "occasional revenues"; a total of 6,914 akçe.[2][3]

In 1875 Victor Guérin visited: "El Khiam contains two quarters: the one on the south, with a population of 700 Metawileh, and the other on the north, with 600 Christians, divided into Maronites, Schismatic Greeks, and United Greeks, with some Protestants, who have founded a chapel and a school."[4]

In 1881, the Palestine Exploration Fund's Survey of Western Palestine (SWP) described it as: "A village, north-east of the Merj Ayun, built of stone, containing about 300 Christians and 200 Druzes. It contains a white round Moslem holy place and a modern church. It is situated on a low ridge, surrounded by figs, olives, and arable. The water supply is from three rock-cut cisterns, one birket, and the good spring of 'Ain ed Derdarah."[5]

Modern era[edit]

During the 1990s Khiam became known for the Khiam Detention Center, operated by the South Lebanon Army during the Israeli occupation southern of Lebanon. Some Lebanese civilians were exposed to torture in this camp and faced indefinite detention once arrested. The prison was captured by Hezbollah during the Battle of Khiam in 2000, shortly before Israeli withdrawal from the South Lebanon security belt.[citation needed]

The town saw a major confrontation between the Israeli Army and Hezbollah fighters in the 2006 Lebanon War during which a United Nations post was bombed by the Israeli Army killing four United Nations Military Observers.[6]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Palmer, 1881, p. 26
  2. ^ Hütteroth and Abdulfattah, 1977, p. 181
  3. ^ Note that Rhode, 1979, p. 6 writes that the register that Hütteroth and Abdulfattah studied was not from 1595/6, but from 1548/9
  4. ^ Guerin, 1880, p. 279; as given in Conder and Kitchener, 1881, SWP I, p. 88
  5. ^ Conder and Kitchener, 1881, SWP I, p. 88
  6. ^ HRW, 2007, pp. 114-116

Bibliography[edit]

External links[edit]