Markaba

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Markaba
مركبا
Village
Map showing the location of Markaba within Lebanon
Map showing the location of Markaba within Lebanon
Markaba
Location within Lebanon
Coordinates: 33°14′0″N 35°31′0″E / 33.23333°N 35.51667°E / 33.23333; 35.51667Coordinates: 33°14′0″N 35°31′0″E / 33.23333°N 35.51667°E / 33.23333; 35.51667
Grid position197/293 PAL
Country Lebanon
GovernorateNabatieh Governorate
DistrictMarjeyoun District
Elevation700 m (2,300 ft)
Time zoneUTC+2 (EET)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+3 (EEST)
Dialing code+961

Markaba (Arabic: مركبا‎) is a 808 ha (3.12 sq mi) village located at Marjayoun municipality at Nabatieh Governorate, Lebanon.[1] It is south of Raabatt Tallame, east of Banni Hayyan and northeast of Tallussah, South Lebanon.

Name[edit]

E. H. Palmer wrote that the name Merkebeh came from a personal name, from "to ride" or "to lie", as one thing on top of another.[2]

History[edit]

In 1596, it was named as a village, Markaba famous as Marj Kaba, in the Ottoman nahiya (subdistrict) of Tibnin under the liwa' (district) of Safad, with a population of fifteen households and one bachelor, all Muslim. The villagers paid a fixed tax rate of 25% on agricultural products, such as wheat, barley, fruit trees, goats and beehives, in addition to "occasional revenues"; a total of 5,110 akçe.[3][4]

In 1875 Victor Guérin found Markaba to have 150 Metawileh inhabitants.[5] He further noted: "Here a mosque replaces a more ancient sanctuary, temple, or church, to which belonged several fragments of monolithic columns, and good hewn stones scattered about in the village, or built up in the farm-buildings. About twenty rock-cut cisterns and a sarcophagus also go to prove that this was a place of some importance."[6]

In 1881, the Palestine Exploration Fund's Survey of Western Palestine (SWP) described it as: "A village, built of stone, containing about 400 Metawileh, situated on top of hill, surrounded by figs, olives, and arable land, with a birket, cisterns and a spring near."[7]

The SWP further noted: "A village containing the remains of an early Christian church; two Corinthian capitals, several broken columns of different sizes, lintels, and some large well-dressed stones scattered about the village. Here is a Greek inscription on a stone, and a cross on another stone. There is a wine-press, rock-cut cisterns, and a dolmen near this village."[8]

Climate[edit]

It is about 950 metres (3,120 ft) above sea level and thus is dry in the summers and wet in the winter. The average temperature can dip below 0 °C (32 °F) in the winter months of December, January and February. During the spring the weather is temperate and mild. The summer is dry and can reach about 35 °C (95 °F) during the day. Most of the rainfall, which is about 10–16 inches (250–410 mm), is in the winter months and spring.[citation needed]

Resources[edit]

The village depends on agriculture, business, and money transfers from overseas. Most electricity is provided by the government and village's generators.[citation needed]

Population[edit]

The recent population is approximately 3,250 people living in the village. During the holidays or summer season, the maximum population may increase to about 10,000 persons.[citation needed]

Religion[edit]

Almost all of the villagers are Shiites. There are three mosques in the town and one Hussainiyah. The first mosque, in the eastern part of the town, is in good condition. The second mosque, at the center of the town, was damaged during the last war, but underwent reconstruction and is now open.[citation needed]

Families[edit]

Family names in the town include: Hammoud, Atwi, Zaraket, Chehimi, Chamseddine, Haidar, Younes, Nour El Deen, Mobarak, Shahla, Baydoun, Awada, Fahda, Krayani, El Khalil, Bourji, Khames, Mourad, Ragahda, El Hasani, Kashmar, El Ashkar, Rida, Dakik, Noureddine and Messelmani.[citation needed]

Economy[edit]

Most local farmers grow olives, wheat and tobacco. Most of the village's income comes from agriculture and money sent from former residents who have overseas jobs or who work in larger cities in Lebanon.[citation needed]

Transportation[edit]

Public transportation in the area takes students from their homes to school daily; there are some taxis which are operated from Marjayoun.[citation needed]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Markaba". localiban.org. Retrieved 2 May 2018.
  2. ^ Palmer, 1881, p. 30
  3. ^ Hütteroth and Abdulfattah, 1977, p. 182
  4. ^ Note that Rhode, 1979, p. 6 writes that the register that Hütteroth and Abdulfattah studied was not from 1595/6, but from 1548/9
  5. ^ Guerin, 1880, p. 383
  6. ^ Guerin, 1880, p. 383; given in Conder and Kitchener, 1881, SWP I, p. 136
  7. ^ Conder and Kitchener, 1881, SWP I, p. 89
  8. ^ Conder and Kitchener, 1881, SWP I, p. 136

Bibliography[edit]

External links[edit]