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|Location||24a Hospitalna Street
|Public transit access||Klovska station, Palats Sportu station ( Syretsko-Pecherska Line); trolleybus|
The Kiev Fortress (Ukrainian: Київська фортеця; Kyivs'ka fortetsia; Russian: Киевская крепость; Kievskaya krepost' ) is a complex of Russian fortifications in Kiev, Ukraine built over the span of 17-19th centuries, soon after the 1654 Council in Pereyaslav.
Kiev Fortress once belonged to the extensive system of western Russian fortresses that existed in the Russian Empire. The Kiev Fortress complex features many separate fortifications in Pechersk, Old Kiev, Podil, and Zvirynets located in various city districts of Kiev. Currently most of the remaining structures turned into a historic reserve. The main fortification associated with the Kiev Fortress (where located the Historic and Architectural Museum) is the Hospital fortification.
- Old Kiev and Old Pechersk fortresses (1655-1803)
- New Pechersk Fortress (1831-?)
- Citadel (Askold's Grave, 1706-)
- Hosptital fortifications (Cherepanova Hora, 1836-)
- Vasylkiv fortifications (1831-)
- separately built fortifications: 3 towers, 3 barracks, other fortifications
- Zvirynets fortifications (Vydubychi, 1810-1918)
- Lysohirsky Fort (Lysa Hora, 1874-?)
Having lost their military importance in the 20th century, the buildings continued to be used as barracks, storage and incarceration facilities. Some of them played independent historical roles. The Kosyi Caponier ("Skew Caponier") became a prison for the political inmates in the 1900s–1920s and was later turned into a Soviet museum. Now it is the center of the modern museum. A small fortress built in 1872 on the legendary Lysa Hora ("Bald Mountain") in 1906 became a place of executions for convicted political inmates. It is now a landscape reserve and part of the museum complex.
Notable individuals who served at the fortress
- Constantine Ypsilantis - served as a commandant of the Pechersk Fortress between 1807 and 1816.
Kiev Fortress Museum
Within the Kiev Fortress is the Kyiv Fortress Museum,or Kyivska Fortetsya. It is semi-underground. The museum is housed in a 19th-century building,which was formerly a wing of the fortress.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Kiev Fortress.|
- "Kiev Fortress Museum - Unique Semi-Underground Museum". NewMedia Holdings, Inc. Retrieved 23 January 2013.
- Official website (National Historic and Architectural Museum "Kiev Fortress")